Comparing fibrin sealant with staples for mesh fixation in laparoscopic transabdominal hernia repair: a case control-study.

Department of General, Vascular and Mininvasive Surgery, Spoleto Hospital, Spoleto, PG, Italy.
Surgical Endoscopy (Impact Factor: 3.43). 04/2008; 22(3):668-73. DOI:10.1007/s00464-007-9458-7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Laparoscopic hernia repair is not as popular as cholecystectomy. We have performed more than 3,000 laparoscopic herniorrhaphies using the trans-abdominal (TAPP) technique. To prevent recurrences we fix the polypropylene mesh with staples. The use of fibrin glue for graft fixation is a possible alternative.
We have performed 3,130 laparoscopic hernia repairs over 14 years. For mesh fixation we used titanium clips and observed a small number of complications. In July 2003 we started using fibrin glue (Tissucol(R)). The purpose of this retrospective longitudinal study was to evaluate if the use of fibrin sealant was as safe and effective as conventional stapling and if there were differences in post-operative pain, complications and recurrences.
From July 2003 to June 2006 we performed 823 laparoscopic herniorrhaphies. Fibrin glue (Tissucol(R)) was used in 88 cases. Two homogeneous groups of 68 patients (83 cases) treated with fibrin glue and 68 patients (87 cases) where the mesh was fixed with staples, were compared. Patients with relevant associated diseases or large inguino-scrotal hernias were excluded. Operative times were longer in the group treated with fibrin glue with a mean of 35 minutes (range 22-65 mins) compared to the group treated with staples (25 minutes, range 14-50 mins). The time of hospital stay was the same (24 hours). Post-operative complications, that were more frequent in the stapled group, included trocar site pain, hematomas, intra-operative bleedings and incisional hernias. No significant difference was observed concerning seromas, chronic pain and recurrence rate.
Less post-operative pain, and a faster return to usual activities are the main advantages of laparoscopic repair compared to the traditional approach. The use of fibrin sealant reduces in our experience the risk of post- and intra-operative complications such as bleeding and incisional hernia; recurrence rates are similar, but the operative time is longer.

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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The use of fibrin sealant (FS) (Tisseel™) for mesh fixation in patients undergoing laparoscopic groin hernia surgery is a well-recognised technique in Europe, but no study to date has examined effect on quality of life (QoL) on patients undergoing FS mesh fixation. A prospective study was therefore conducted to examine the effects on QoL of patients undergoing laparoscopic groin hernia surgery using FS in the United Kingdom. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2007 and January 2011, all patients undergoing laparoscopic total extra preperitoneal (TEP) groin hernia repair using FS were included in the study. A validated hernia questionnaire from The Royal College of Surgeons of England supplemented by the EORTC QLQ C-30 to assess the pre- and postoperative QoL, pain scores and health outcome measures was used. All the patient's demographics, duration of surgery, size of hernia, recurrence, morbidity and hospital stay were recorded. RESULTS: Data from 92 patients (87 males and 5 females) with a median age of 46 years (range, 19-82 years) was collected for the study (response rate of 92/121, 73 %). A total of 58 patients (63 %) had a unilateral and 34 patients (37 %) a bilateral hernia repair, of which 6 (7 %) were recurrent inguinal hernia. The mean operating time for a unilateral hernia was 36 min (30-62), and that for a bilateral hernia was 59 min (51-83). There were no conversions to open surgery out of the 92 patients included with the recorded morbidity of 7 %. There were no early recurrences. Eighty-nine patients (98 %) of patients were discharged in the first 24 h after surgery. There was a significant statistical difference recorded in patients visual analogue pain score (VAS 0-10) before and after surgery (P < 0.0001, Mann-Whitney U test). The physical, emotional, social and health components of the questionnaire were statistically significant pre- and postoperatively (P < 0.001 Mann-Whitney U test). CONCLUSION: Groin hernia TEP repair with FS fixation did not have a detrimental effect on QoL and pain scores. In addition, the low early recurrence rate provided good evidence of the mesh fixation properties of FS. FS can therefore be continued to be recommended, as an alternative fixation method in laparoscopic groin hernia surgery.
    Hernia 07/2012; · 1.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies have indicated clinical advantages of mesh fixation using fibrin glue in transabdominal preperitoneal groin hernia repair (TAPP) compared with tack fixation. The aim of this randomized double-blinded, controlled, clinical trial is to compare fibrin glue with tacks fixation of mesh during TAPP. METHODS: One hundred and twelve men with unilateral inguinal hernia were enrolled. Primary outcome was pain during coughing on postoperative day 1. Secondary outcomes were postoperative scores of pain at rest, discomfort, and fatigue (day 1 and cumulated day 0-3), incidence of moderate/severe nausea and/or vomiting, foreign-body sensation, and recurrence after 6 months. Outcome measures were assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS, 0-100 mm), verbal rating scale (no, light, moderate or severe) and numerical rating scales (NRS, 1-10). RESULTS: One hundred patients were available for analysis. The fibrin group (n = 50) had significantly less pain during coughing on day 1 compared with the tacks group (n = 50) [median 23 (range 0-80) vs 35 (2-100) mm] (p = 0.020). Moreover, day 1 scores and all cumulated scores of pain during rest, discomfort, and fatigue were significantly lower in the fibrin group compared with the tacks group (all p-values ≤ 0.02). There was no significant difference in the incidence of nausea and/or vomiting (p > 0.05) or recurrence (fibrin glue n = 2, tacks n = 0, p = 0.241). Incidence of foreign-body sensation was significantly lower in the fibrin group at 1 month (p = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Fibrin glue compared with tacks fixation improved the early postoperative outcome after TAPP. The trial was registered at NCT01000116.
    Surgical Endoscopy 01/2013; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic total extraperitoneal mesh repair (TEP) of inguinal hernia has become well accepted with low recurrence and high patient satisfaction rates. However, inguinal pain has also been reported. Source of this pain has been suggested to be the fixation method, especially the use of tacks. Introduction of fibrin glue and absorbable tacks were suggested to lower chronic pain and inguinal discomfort rates. This study analyses the different methods of fixation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 201 patients were analysed. Primary end-points were patients' satisfaction, health-related quality of life, and specific inguinal conditions (e.g. pulling, swelling, troubles at coughing). Secondary endpoints were duration of operation, length of hospital stay, and material costs. RESULTS: Fibrin glue was used in 101 patients and tacks in 100 patients, in 21 of those absorbable tacks. Patients were fully satisfied with the results in more than 90%, irrespective of the fixation method. Health-related quality of life along the SF-12(®) questionnaire attested no differences. Inguinal pulling occurred significantly more often after fibrin glue (25.7 %) than after tack fixation (11 %; p = 0.026), whereas no differences in the other specific inguinal sensations occurred. CONCLUSION: Mesh fixation in TEP can be performed either by tacks or by fibrin glue with similar long-term results concerning satisfaction, health-related quality of life, and pain. No advantage of fibrin glue could be found, in fact, a higher percentage of patients had inguinal pulling and burning sensations after the use of fibrin glue. The use of absorbable tacks showed no advantage.
    World Journal of Surgery 04/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor