Comparing fibrin sealant with staples for mesh fixation in laparoscopic transabdominal hernia repair: a case control-study
ABSTRACT Laparoscopic hernia repair is not as popular as cholecystectomy. We have performed more than 3,000 laparoscopic herniorrhaphies using the trans-abdominal (TAPP) technique. To prevent recurrences we fix the polypropylene mesh with staples. The use of fibrin glue for graft fixation is a possible alternative.
We have performed 3,130 laparoscopic hernia repairs over 14 years. For mesh fixation we used titanium clips and observed a small number of complications. In July 2003 we started using fibrin glue (Tissucol(R)). The purpose of this retrospective longitudinal study was to evaluate if the use of fibrin sealant was as safe and effective as conventional stapling and if there were differences in post-operative pain, complications and recurrences.
From July 2003 to June 2006 we performed 823 laparoscopic herniorrhaphies. Fibrin glue (Tissucol(R)) was used in 88 cases. Two homogeneous groups of 68 patients (83 cases) treated with fibrin glue and 68 patients (87 cases) where the mesh was fixed with staples, were compared. Patients with relevant associated diseases or large inguino-scrotal hernias were excluded. Operative times were longer in the group treated with fibrin glue with a mean of 35 minutes (range 22-65 mins) compared to the group treated with staples (25 minutes, range 14-50 mins). The time of hospital stay was the same (24 hours). Post-operative complications, that were more frequent in the stapled group, included trocar site pain, hematomas, intra-operative bleedings and incisional hernias. No significant difference was observed concerning seromas, chronic pain and recurrence rate.
Less post-operative pain, and a faster return to usual activities are the main advantages of laparoscopic repair compared to the traditional approach. The use of fibrin sealant reduces in our experience the risk of post- and intra-operative complications such as bleeding and incisional hernia; recurrence rates are similar, but the operative time is longer.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to conduct a comprehensive systematic review comparing tissue glue (TG) against tacks/staples for mesh fixation in laparoscopic (totally extra-peritoneal and trans-abdominal pre-peritoneal) groin hernia repair with the incidence of post-operative chronic pain as the primary outcome measure. A computerized search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases for the period from 1 January 1,990 to 30 June 2013 produced 39 reports. The quality of reports was assessed according to criteria reported by the Cochrane communication review group. Five randomized controlled trials (RCTs, 491 patients) and five non-RCTs (1,034 patients) fulfilled the selection criteria. A meta-analysis of chronic pain from the five RCTs gave a statistically significant Peto odds ratio (OR) of 0.40 (0.21-0.76; p = 0.005) indicating that the TG group experience less chronic pain. Although the studies are underpowered to detect recurrence, the meta-analysis of the recurrence rates from the RCTs identified no difference between tacks/staple and glue fixation (OR 2.36; 0.67-8.37). There were also no differences found in meta-analysis of seroma and hematoma formation between the two methods of fixation. The wide variation in time points regarding pain score meant it was not possible to combine the studies and perform analysis for pain score with earlier time points. Meta-analysis of RCTs comparing TG with tack fixation in laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery depicts a significant reduction in chronic pain with no increase in recurrence rates. Early post-operative outcome is similar after both methods of mesh fixation, although larger RCTs are required, with long-term pain as the primary endpoint.World Journal of Surgery 04/2014; 38(10). DOI:10.1007/s00268-014-2547-6 · 2.35 Impact Factor
Biomaterials Developments and Applications : Advances in Biology and Medicine Series, Edited by Bourg H and Lisle A, 01/2010: chapter Biomaterials in Dentistry and Medicine: pages 231-289; Nova Publishers NY., ISBN: ISBN: 978-1-60876-476-1
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ABSTRACT: Proper mesh fixation is critical for successful TAPP laparoscopic hernia repair. Conventional mesh fixation may cause chronic neuralgia, groin paresthesia or other complications. This study aimed at introducing a new vacuum suction technique for mesh fixation and evaluating its efficacy and safety compared with traditional staple fixation way. Clinical data of 242 patients undergoing TAPP from July 2011 to March 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into vacuum suction fixation group and staple fixation group. The operation time, hospital stay, complications, recurrence, visual analogue scale pain score and cost were evaluated. All surgeries were successful. The operation time of staple group was (42.34 ± 10.15) min for unilateral hernia and (64.08 ± 16.01) min for bilateral hernias. The postoperative hospital stay was (2.76 ± 0.84) days. One recurrence was observed (0.90 %). For vacuum group, the operation time was (42.66 ± 7.76) min and (63.92 ± 10.49) min, and hospital stay was (2.60 ± 0.74) days. No recurrence was observed. There was no significant difference in recurrence, operation time, postoperative pain and hospital stay between two groups (P > 0.05). Average cost were (11,714 ± 726) RMB for vacuum group which was lower than staple group (14,837 ± 1568) RMB (P < 0.05). The top three complications of staple group were scrotal emphysema (10.81 %), scrotal seroma (6.31 %) and temporary nerve paresthesia (4.50 %) while for vacuum group, they were scrotal seroma (3.82 %), temporary nerve paresthesia (3.05 %), scrotal emphysema (1.53 %) and uroschesis (1.53 %). The incidence of scrotal emphysema was lower in vacuum group (P < 0.05). No significant difference was observed in other complications (P > 0.05). Both techniques for mesh fixation are safe and effective. There is no significant difference in recurrence, operation time, postoperative pain or hospital stay. The vacuum suction fixation technique is more economical with lower incidence of scrotal emphysema.Surgical Endoscopy 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00464-015-4168-z · 3.31 Impact Factor