Allergic rhinitis and asthma are common among university students. Inhalant allergies have been considered to be a risk factor contributing to voice disorders. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine if students with confirmed respiratory allergies have frequently occurring vocal symptoms. A questionnaire concerning the prevalence of vocal symptoms was distributed to 49 students attending a 3-year allergen immunotherapy program and to 54 students without known allergy. The results indicated that subjects with allergy report significantly more vocal symptoms than subjects without allergy. Allergy should be considered as an underlying factor for vocal symptoms, especially for persons who work in or study for vocally demanding occupations.
"The results of the body scanner will be compared to the results of the classic anthropometry to evaluate whether the body scanner can replace measuring tape, scales and stadiometers in the future. Another unique assessment is the voice examination, which will allow to explore genetic and environmental effects on the voice . Voice limits are measured in a standardized fashion (sound-pressure levels in dependence of frequency) when the participants speak and sing. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Profound knowledge about child growth, development, health, and disease in contemporary children and adolescents is still rare. Epidemiological studies together with new powerful research technologies present exciting opportunities to the elucidation of risk factor-outcome associations with potentially major consequences for prevention, diagnosis and treatment.
To conduct a unique prospective longitudinal cohort study in order to assess how environmental, metabolic and genetic factors affect growth, development and health from fetal life to adulthood.
The ‘Leipzig Research Centre for Civilization Diseases (LIFE) Child Study’ focuses on two main research objectives: (1) monitoring of normal growth, development and health; (2) non-communicable diseases such as childhood obesity and its co-morbidities, atopy and mental health problems. Detailed assessments will be conducted alongside long-term storage of biological samples in 2,000 pregnant women and more than 10,000 children and their families.
Close coordination and engagement of a multidisciplinary team in the LIFE Child study successfully established procedures and systems for balancing many competing study and ethical needs. Full participant recruitment and complete data collection started in July 2011. Early data indicate a high acceptance rate of the study program, successful recruitment strategies and the establishment of a representative cohort for the population of Leipzig. A series of subprojects are ongoing, and analyses and publications are on their way.
This paper addresses key elements in the design and implementation of the new prospective longitudinal cohort study LIFE Child. Given the recognized need for long-term data on adverse effects on health and protective factors, our study data collection should provide magnificent opportunities to examine complex interactions that govern the emergence of non-communicable diseases.
BMC Public Health 11/2012; 12(1):1021. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-12-1021 · 2.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the change in the voice quality of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) after medical treatment. The study enrolled 69 subjects: 39 with high serum-specific IgE levels to inhalant allergens as the study group and 30 healthy individuals as controls. All patients were evaluated using the total nasal symptom score (TNSS) and voice handicap index-10 (VHI-10) and then underwent an acoustic voice analysis. After 1 month of treatment with mometasone furoate nasal spray (two 50-μg puffs in each nostril once daily) and desloratadine (5-mg tablet once daily), the patients repeated the surveys and acoustic voice analysis. The results before and after treatment were compared. The TNSS and VHI-10 scores decreased significantly after treatment (p < 0.01). After treatment, the acoustic analysis parameters improved significantly and were similar to the control group, and the maximum phonation time increased significantly (p < 0.05). The voice quality of patients with AR is improved with medical treatment.
Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery 08/2013; 65(2). DOI:10.1007/s12070-013-0639-5 · 0.05 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is increasingly common in otolaryngology practice. Patients with nonspecific throat and voice symptoms, such as throat clearing, hoarseness, cough, sore throat, and globus, are frequently treated empirically with antireflux medication by otolaryngologists and primary care physicians. Physical findings such as laryngeal erythema, edema, and posterior laryngeal mucosal thickening are also frequently attributed to LPR. The literature has been inconsistent, with few prospective, randomized trials showing efficacy for this clinical practice. Because of the lack of specific signs and symptoms of LPR, clinicians should be aware of other potential causes for these clinical presentations. Recently published studies describe the association between allergy or asthma and many of the same symptoms attributed to reflux disease. Muscle tension dysphonia can also present with hoarseness and symptoms of throat irritation. Although LPR can cause the symptoms and signs described previously, it should not be the only diagnosis considered by the evaluating physician. Failure to consider other possible causes may result in unnecessary treatment and potential delay in diagnosis. This article discusses this topic, citing some of the pertinent literature published over the past 2 years.
Current Gastroenterology Reports 07/2008; 10(3):195-9. DOI:10.1007/s11894-008-0043-6
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