AURKA F31I polymorphism and breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers: A consortium of investigators of modifiers of BRCA1/2 study

University of Cologne, Köln, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention (Impact Factor: 4.13). 08/2007; 16(7):1416-21. DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-07-0129
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The AURKA oncogene is associated with abnormal chromosome segregation and aneuploidy and predisposition to cancer. Amplification of AURKA has been detected at higher frequency in tumors from BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers than in sporadic breast tumors, suggesting that overexpression of AURKA and inactivation of BRCA1 and BRCA2 cooperate during tumor development and progression. The F31I polymorphism in AURKA has been associated with breast cancer risk in the homozygous state in prior studies. We evaluated whether the AURKA F31I polymorphism modifies breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers from the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2. Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 was established to provide sufficient statistical power through increased numbers of mutation carriers to identify polymorphisms that act as modifiers of cancer risk and can refine breast cancer risk estimates in BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers. A total of 4,935 BRCA1 and 2,241 BRCA2 mutation carriers and 11 individuals carrying both BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations was genotyped for F31I. Overall, homozygosity for the 31I allele was not significantly associated with breast cancer risk in BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers combined [hazard ratio (HR), 0.91; 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 0.77-1.06]. Similarly, no significant association was seen in BRCA1 (HR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.75-1.08) or BRCA2 carriers (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.67-1.29) or when assessing the modifying effects of either bilateral prophylactic oophorectomy or menopausal status of BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers. In summary, the F31I polymorphism in AURKA is not associated with a modified risk of breast cancer in BRCA1 and BRCA2 carriers.

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    • "Four were based on Asian background and were carried out in China [13,22,23,25]. Two studies were mixed ethnicity descent [16,21]. All studies were case–control studies. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Published data on the association between AURKA polymorphisms and breast cancer (BC) risk are inconclusive. This meta-analysis was performed to derive a more precise estimation on the relationship between AURKA polymorphisms (rs2273535 and rs1047972) and BC risk. Methods PubMed, Web of Knowledge and Embase were searched for relevant studies. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the strength of associations. The pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were performed for allele contrast genetic model, homozygous genetic model, heterozygote genetic model, dominant model, and recessive model, respectively. Results A total of 13 studies (16,349 BC patients and 20,872 case-free controls) were involved in this meta-analysis. Meta-analysis showed that there was significant association between rs2273535 and BC risk in three genetic models in the overall population (A vs. T: OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 1.01–1.15, P = 0.02; AA vs. TT: OR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.06-1.73, P < 0.00001; AA vs. TT + TA: OR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.01-1.31, P = 0.04). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, the effects remained in Asians (allele contrast genetic model: OR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.00-1.26, P = 0.04 and homozygote comparison: OR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.06-1.41, P = 0.007). However, no genetic models reached statistical association in Cauasians. Rs1047972 polymorphism was associated with BC risk in the overall population based on homozygote comparison (AA vs. GG: OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.66-0.99, P = 0.04). When stratified by ethnicity, rs1047972 polymorphism had a decreased association with BC risk in Caucasians based on allele contrast genetic model, homozygote comparison, the dominant model and the recessive model. However, there was no association in any genetic model in Asians. Conclusions This meta-analysis suggests that AURKA rs2273535 polymorphism has an increased risk with BC, especially in Asians. However, rs1047972 polymorphism has a decreased BC risk in Caucasians. Further large scale multicenter epidemiological studies are warranted to confirm this finding.
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    • "There is increasing evidence that genetic modifiers of BRCA1/2 risk exist. The most clear-cut is modification of BRCA2-associated breast cancer risk by RAD51 [25], but other genes, including FGFR2, TNRC9, AURKA, and MAP3K1 [26-28], have been suggested as risk modifiers. Although their effects are quite modest, interactions of genotypes with exposures, birth cohort effects, reproductive factors, and interventions such as RRSO may provide significant information about risk. "
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