Enhancement by PL 14736 of granulation and collagen organization in healing wounds and the potential role of egr-1 expression.

PLIVA Research Institute Ltd, Prilaz baruna Filipovića 29, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
European Journal of Pharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.68). 10/2007; 570(1-3):212-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.05.072
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Apart from becaplermin (recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor homodimer of B chains, PDGF-BB), for the treatment of lower extremity diabetic ulcers, few agents are available for pharmacological stimulation of wound healing. We have compared the mechanism of action of the potential wound healing agent, PL 14736 (G E P P P G K P A D D A G L V), with that of PDGF-BB on granulation tissue formation following sponge implantation in the normoglycemic rat and in healing full-thickness excisional wounds in db/db genetically diabetic mice. Expression of the immediate response gene, early growth response gene-1 (egr-1) was studied in Caco-2 cells in vitro. While PDGF-BB and PL 14736 had similar selectivity for stimulation of granulation tissue in both sponge granuloma and in healing wounds in db/db mice, PL 14736 was more active in stimulating early collagen organization. It also stimulated expression of egr-1 and its repressor nerve growth factor 1-A binding protein-2 (nab2) in non-differentiated Caco-2 cells more rapidly than PDGF-BB. EGR-1 induces cytokine and growth factor generation and early extracellular matrix (collagen) formation, offering an explanation for the beneficial effects of PL 14736 on wound healing.

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    ABSTRACT: Esophagocutaneous fistulas are a failure of the NO-system, due to NO- synthase blockage by the NOS-blocker L-NAME consequently counteracted by L-arginine and gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 (L-arginine< BPC 157), precipitating a therapeutic benefit. Previously, there was an established BPC 157 - NO-system interaction. BPC157 GEPPPGKPADDAGLV, MW 1419 (LD1 not achieved), is a safe and stable anti-ulcer peptide, successful in inflammatory bowel disease trials, counteracting esophagitis, sphincter failure, gastrointestinal and skin ulcers, gastrocutaneous or colocutaneous fistulas. We treated rats with established cervical esophagocutaneous fistulas throughout four days (both open skin and esophageal defects, with significant leakage) with BPC 157 (parenterally and perorally) and L-NAME (blocking NO genesis) and L-arginine (NO-substrate) alone or in combination. RT-PCR investigated eNOS, iNOS, COX-2 mRNA levels in the fistulas. We evidenced a closely inter-related process of unhealed skin, esophageal defects, unhealed fistulas (up regulated eNOS, iNOS and COX2 mRNA levels), usually lethal, particularly NO-system related and therapy dependent. Generally, the course of fistula healing was accelerated either to a greater extent (with BPC 157 (in particular, less eNOS gene expression) completely counteracting L-NAME effects, in L-NAME+BPC 157 and L-NAME+L-arginine+BPC 157 groups), or to a lesser extent (with L-arginine). Conversely, the process was aggravated, rapidly and prominently (with L-NAME). In particular, BPC 157 was effective either given per-orally/ intraperitoneally, in μg- and ng-regimens. Shortly, defects started to heal, with less fistula leakage and no mortality at day 4. Failure of pyloric and lower esophageal sphincter pressure was restored, with practically no esophagitis.
    European journal of pharmacology 12/2012; 701(1-3). DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2012.11.055 · 2.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Since an originally anti-ulcer stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157 (PL 14736) was shown to promote healing of injured striated muscle and smooth muscle in the gastrointestinal tract, we explored its therapeutic potentials for leak point pressure (LPP) recovery in rat stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after transabdominal urethrolysis (TU) and prolonged vaginal dilatation (VD). Material and Methods During a 7-day period, TU-rats and VD-rats (or healthy rats) received BPC 157, either (i) intraperitoneally, 10 µg/kg or 10 ng/kg, once daily (first administration 30 min after surgery, last 24 h before LPP-testing and sacrifice), or (ii) per-orally, 10 µg/kg in drinking water (0.16 µg/mL, 12 mL/rat/day). Vesicourethral segments were harvested for immunohistochemical evaluation. Results All BPC 157 regimens counteracted decrease of LPP values in TU-rats and VD-rats. Additionally, BPC 157-TU rats (µg-intraperitoneally or per-orally) and BPC 157-VD rats (µg intraperitoneally) reached LPP values originally noted in healthy rats. Conversely, in healthy rats, BPC 157 did not alter LPP. Immunohistochemical studies revealed higher desmin (delineates striated organization of skeletal muscle), smooth muscle actin, and CD34 (angiogenic marker) positivity within the urethral wall in BPC 157-treated rats vs. controls, as well as overall preserved muscle/connective tissue ratio assessed with Mallory's trichrome staining. Conclusions Pentadecapeptide BPC 157, applied parenterally or per-orally, appears to ameliorate the SUI in rat models, improving the otherwise detrimental course of healing after VD and TU, which may be analogous to human injury. These beneficial effects may possibly be selectively used in future strategies for treatment of SUI.
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    European journal of pharmacology 01/2014; 28(1). DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2014.01.046 · 2.68 Impact Factor