Quetiapine addition in methylphenidate treatment-resistant adolescents with comorbid ADHD, conduct/oppositional-defiant disorder, and aggression: a prospective, open-label study
ABSTRACT This study investigated the safety and efficacy of adding the atypical antipsychotic quetiapine to ongoing OROS methylphenidate treatment for adolescents with comorbid ADHD and severe aggression that were incompletely responsive to methylphenidate monotherapy.
Participants aged 12-16 years were enrolled in a prospective, open-label trial consisting of 3 weeks of OROS methylphenidate monotherapy titrated to 54 mg/day, followed by 9 weeks of combination treatment with quetiapine and methylphenidate. Twenty-four out of thirty participants failed to meet criteria for significant improvement (Clinical Global Improvement-Severity [CGI-S] and Rating of Aggression Against People and Property [RAAPP] scale scores of 1 or 2 and ADHD-Rating Scale: Investigator Administered and Scored [ADHD-RS-I] score less than 50% of baseline score) with methylphenidate treatment alone and received combined treatment.
Investigator and parent ratings of ADHD symptoms, aggression, and global functioning improved significantly during both methylphenidate monotherapy treatment and during combined methylphenidate-quetiapine treatment. At the conclusion of combined treatment, 42% of the sample met all criteria for clinically significant improvement and 79% showed minimal aggression. Mild and transient sedation was reported by about half the cases. Weight loss (0.9 kg) during methylphenidate treatment was offset by weight gain (1.2 kg) during combination treatment.
Quetiapine addition to methylphenidate was effective in reducing ADHD and aggression in individuals who did not respond sufficiently (based on CGI-S, RAAPP, and ADHD-RS-I criteria for significant improvement) to OROS methylphenidate alone at a 54-mg/day dose.
- SourceAvailable from: Annarita Milone
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- "who did not respond to methylphenidate only (Kronenberger et al. 2007). The aim of this study is to report on our experience with quetiapine monotherapy in a consecutive sample of referred children and adolescents with BD (manic, hypomanic, or mixed episode ) and comorbid CD, followed up for 3 months in a third level research hospital. "
ABSTRACT: Abstract Bipolar Disorders (BD) are often comorbid with disruptive behaviour disorders (DBDs) (oppositional-defiant disorder or conduct disorder), with negative implications on treatment strategy and outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of quetiapine monotherapy in adolescents with BD comorbid with conduct disorder (CD). A consecutive series of 40 adolescents (24 males and 16 females, age range 12-18 years, mean age 14.9±2.0 years), diagnosed with a clinical interview (Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Aged Children-Present and Lifetime Version [K-SADS-PL]) according to American Psychiatric Association, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed., Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria were included. All the patients were treated with quetiapine monotherapy (mean final dose 258±124 mg/day, range 100-600 mg/day). At the end-point (3 months), 22 patients (55.0%) were responders (Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement [CGI-I] score of 1 or 2 and CGI-Severity [CGI-S]≤3 and improvement of at least 30% Children's Global Assessment Scale [C-GAS] during 3 consecutive months). Both CGI-S and C-GAS significantly improved (p<0.0001). Nine out of the 16 patients with suicidality (56.3%) had a reduction in this severe symptom during the follow-up. Nonresponders were more frequently males, and more frequently had an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) comorbidity. Eight patients (20.0%) experienced moderate to severe sedation and eight (20.0%) experienced increased appetite and weight gain. In these severely impaired adolescents, quetiapine monotherapy was well tolerated and effective in>50% of the patients.Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology 10/2013; 23(8):568-71. DOI:10.1089/cap.2013.0063 · 3.07 Impact Factor
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- "Several studies have used the Rating of Aggression Against People and/or Property Scale to evaluate the effects of medication on the aggressive behaviour with children and adolescents with conduct disorder and other disorders (e.g. Kemph et al. 1993; Findling et al. 2006, 2007; Kronenberger et al. 2007). "
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The focus of this review is on methods that are currently being used to evaluate the behavioural effects of medication for individuals with intellectual disabilities. First we describe what has been identified as the ideal criteria for conducting clinical trials and how these criteria may be adapted to do less controlled evaluations. The central theme is a review of the biological measures (e.g. labs, drug levels), behavioural rating scales and direct observation measures that are often used to evaluate medication effects. Issues related to how the side effects of medication can affect behaviour will also be discussed. CONCLUSION: The importance of encouraging communication and collaboration across all systems of care and the use of socially valid measures are discussed.Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 09/2008; 52(12):1015-28. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2008.01109.x · 2.41 Impact Factor