Distal urethral reconstruction of the glans for penile carcinoma: Results of a novel technique at 1-year of followup
ABSTRACT No satisfactory techniques are available to replace the anatomy and function of the penile glans after radical surgery for penile carcinoma. We report a new technique of glans reconstruction using distal urethra. We evaluated anatomical, physiological and esthetic features as well as short-term and long-term clinical outcomes.
A total of 14 patients with a mean age of 54 who had squamous penile carcinoma underwent glans reconstruction after simple glansectomy in 8 and after amputation of the distal third of the shaft in 6. Glans sensibility, erectile function, ejaculation, orgasm, penile length, local recurrence, patient and partner satisfaction, and quality of life were evaluated before and after the operation. Mean followup was 13 months.
All patients noticed subjective and objective thermal and tactile epicritic sensibility in the area of the neoglans. Ten of 14 patients (71%) noticed spontaneous and/or induced rigid erections. Interestingly International Index of Erectile Function scores in the ejaculation and orgasm domains did not significantly change in the period before and after surgery. No local disease recurrence or penile retraction were reported at long-term followup.
Reconstructive glanuloplasty with distal urethra in penile tumor surgery is an innovative, easy and rapid surgical technique with appreciable functional and esthetic results.
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ABSTRACT: Surgical management for penile carcinoma is mutilating and affects significantly quality of life. Hereby we present our experience on penile reconstruction (PR) immediately after oncologic resection. We included all patients from January 2007 until April 2012 who underwent PR after partial penectomy (PP). Patients included in the study were seen at four different hospitals. All procedures were done by the same surgeon. Information included were: oncological status at the moment of surgery, surgical technique used for reconstruction. Each case was also registered photographically. On follow-up visits data about outcome and patient's satisfaction were registered. During the study period 15 patients underwent PR. Average age at the moment of surgery was 49 years. Average follow-up was 15 months. In 12 patients PR was made at the same time as PP. Of those, four cases underwent glans resurfacing, 2 glandectomy, 6 partial penectomy, and the remaining 3 have had PP in a different time in the past. Every case underwent a split thickness graft procedure. Only 2 patients had postoperative complications. One of them presented urethral stricture and the other graft ischemia. Three patients had positive nodes at the moment of PP and two during the follow-up. None of the cases have presented local recurrence and only one died. On follow-up the remaining patients refer a good quality of life and felt happy with aesthetic results. Given the results presented hereby we propose that PR must be part of the same procedure as the PP.Actas urologicas españolas 10/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.acuro.2013.04.005 · 1.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Penile cancer is an uncommon, gender-specific, malignancy that has the potential to profoundly affect physical, social, sexual and psychological functions. For most patients the method of treatment is surgery. The degree of surgical intervention is dependent on the stage of the disease at presentation. To date, relatively little is known about the impact of penile cancer surgery on psychological function and overall quality of life in men. Understanding the outcomes of treatment will influence the development of optimal methods of rehabilitation. This paper provides an outline of the context of two reviews of the existing literature: (i) a systematic review of the quantitative literature and (ii) a meta-synthesis of the qualitative literature. The implications for clinical practice, and an outline of forthcoming research are also presented.International Journal of Urological Nursing 06/2013; DOI:10.1111/ijun.12016 · 0.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Radical surgery is the "gold standard" for treatment of invasive penile carcinoma but very poor aesthetic, functional and psychological outcomes have been reported. Our purpose was to assess the impact of organ potency-sparing surgery in locally confined carcinoma of the penis. We evaluated retrospectively 42 patients with early penile cancer (Ta,T1,T2), treated with glandulectomy and glanduloplasty with urethral mucosa and sparing of cavernosal apexes, or glandulectomy and limited apical resection in cases of Stage T2. Sexual function, ejaculation and libido were evaluated with an IIEF-15 questionnaire before the appearance of neoplasia (about three months before the surgery) and six months after surgery. Quality of life was evaluated by the Bigelow-Young questionnaire. The scores relating to two weeks prior to the surgery have been compared to those obtained six months after surgery. The statistical analysis was conducted using t-Student for repeated measures and analysis of variance. Six months after surgery 73% of patients reported spontaneous rigid erections, 60% coital activity while 76% of the group treated with urethral glanduloplasty reported normal ejaculation and orgasm, regained an average of 35 days after surgery. The average IIEF-15 scores reported in the entire series in the domains of erection, libido and coital activity of the pre-cancer period were not statistically different than those recorded six months after surgery. In the group treated with glandular reconstruction, pre-and postoperative IIEF-15 mean scores related to ejaculation and orgasm domains were not significantly different. Mean scores of Bigelow-Young questionnaires related to sexual pleasure, familial, social and professional relationships showed significant improvement after surgery. Potency sparing-sparing surgical treatments have a positive impact on a wide spectrum of the patient's life including family relationships, and social and working conditions.Indian Journal of Urology 04/2013; 29(2):119-23. DOI:10.4103/0970-1591.114033