Vascular resection and reconstruction for pancreatic malignancy: a single center survival study.
ABSTRACT Pancreatic cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in the USA. Recently, several centers have introduced portal and superior mesenteric vein resection and reconstruction during extended pancreatectomy, rendering the previously inoperable cases resectable.
The aim of this study is to confirm whether patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer and mesenteric vascular invasion can be cured with extended pancreatectomy with vascular reconstruction (VR) and to compare their survival to patients treated with pancreatectomy without VR and those treated without resection (palliation).
Survival of 22 patients who underwent pancreatectomy with VR was compared with two control groups: 54 patients who underwent pancreatectomy without the need for VR and 28 patients whose pre-operative imaging suggested resectability but whose laparotomy indicated inoperability.
A slight survival benefit was noted in patients who did not require VR (33.5%) compared to those who did require VR [20%, p = 0.18], although not reaching statistical significance. Despite a low 15% three-year survival in patients treated palliatively, this was not statistically different compared to survival after resection with VR (P = 0.23). The presence of nodal metastasis was associated with worse survival (p = 0.006), and the use of adjuvant therapy was associated with better survival (p = 0.001).
Pancreatic cancers that require VR to completely resect the tumor have a similar survival to those not requiring VR. Long-term survival was achievable in approximately 1 out 5 patients requiring VR, although we were not able to demonstrate statistically improved survival compared to palliative care.
- SourceAvailable from: PubMed CentralSaudi medical journal 12/2014; 35(12):1529-1533. · 0.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is one of the five leading causes of cancer death for both males and females in the western world. More than 85 % pancreatic tumors are of ductal origin but the incidence of cystic tumors such as intrapapillary mucinous tumors (IPMN) or mucinous cystic tumors (MCN) and other rare tumors is rising. Complete surgical resection of the tumor is the mainstay of any curative therapeutic approach, however, up to 40 % of patients with potentially resectable pancreatic cancer are not offered surgery. This is despite 5-year survival rates of up to 40 % or even higher in selected patients depending on tumor stage and histology. Standard procedures for pancreatic tumors include the Kausch-Whipple- or pylorus-preserving Whipple procedure, and the left lateral pancreatic resection (often with splenectomy), and usually include regional lymphadenectomy. More radical or extended pancreatic operations are becoming increasingly utilised however and we examine the data available for their role. These operations include major venous and arterial resection, multivisceral resections and surgery for metastatic disease, or palliative pancreatic resection. Portal vein resection for local infiltration with or without replacement graft is now well established and does not deleteriously affect perioperative morbidity or mortality. Arterial resection, however, though often technically feasible, has questionable oncologic impact, is not without risk and is usually reserved for isolated cases. The value of extended lymphadenectomy is frequently debated; the recent level I evidence demonstrates no advantage. Multivisceral resections, i.e. tumors, often in the tail of the pancreas, with invasion of the colon or stomach or other surrounding tissues, while associated with an increased morbidity and a longer hospital stay, do however show comparable mortality-and survival rates to those without such infiltration and therefore should be performed if technically feasible. Routine resection for metastatic disease however does not seem to show any advantage over palliative treatment but may be an option in selected patients with easily removable metastases. In conclusion pancreatic surgery beyond the traditional limits is established in tumors infiltration the venous system and may be a considered approach in selected patients with locally infiltrating pancreatic cancer or metastasis.Recent results in cancer research. Fortschritte der Krebsforschung. Progrès dans les recherches sur le cancer 03/2012; 196:53-64. DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-31629-6_4
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ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: Identifying patient-related factors as well as symptoms and signs that can predict pancreatic cancer at a resectable stage, which could be used in an attempt to identify patients at an early stage of pancreatic cancer that would be appropriate for surgical resection and those at an unresectable stage be sparred unnecessary surgery. Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted at a major tertiary care, university hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The study population included individuals who underwent a computed tomography and a pancreatic mass was reported as well as the endoscopic reporting database of endoscopic procedures where the indication was a pancreatic mass, between April 1996 and April 2012. Any patient with a histologically confirmed diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the pancreas was included in the analysis. We included patients’ demographic information (age, gender), height, weight, body mass index, historical data (smoking, comorbidities), symptoms (abdominal pain and its duration, anorexia and its duration, weight loss and its amount, and over what duration, vomiting, abdominal distention, itching and its duration, change in bowel movements, change in urine color), jaundice and its duration. Other variables were also collected including laboratory values, location of the mass, the investigation undertaken, and the stage of the tumor. Results: A total of 61 patients were included, the mean age was 61.2 ± 1.51 years, 25 (41%) were females. The tumors were located in the head (83.6%), body (10.9%), tail (1.8%), and in multiple locations (3.6%) of the pancreas. Half of the patients (50%) had Stage IV, 16.7% stages IIB and III, and only 8.3% were stages IB and IIA. On univariable analysis a lower hemoglobin level predicted resectability odds ratio 0.65 (95% confidence interval, 0.42-0.98), whereas on multivariable regression none of the variables included in the model could predict resectability of pancreatic cancer. A CA 19-9 cutoff level of 166 ng/mL had a sensitivity of 89%, specificity of 75%, positive likelihood ratio of 3.6, and a negative likelihood ratio of 0.15 for resectability of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Conclusion: This study describes the clinical characteristics of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma in Saudi Arabia. None of the clinical or laboratory variables that were included in our study could independently predict resectability of pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Further studies are warranted to validate these results.Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology 03/2013; 19(6):278-85. DOI:10.4103/1319-3767.121036 · 1.22 Impact Factor