Article

A tyrosine-based signal plays a critical role in the targeting and function of adenovirus RIDalpha protein.

Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Case Western Reserve University Cancer Center, School of Medicine, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106-4970, USA.
Journal of Virology (Impact Factor: 4.65). 11/2007; 81(19):10437-50. DOI: 10.1128/JVI.00399-07
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Early region 3 genes of human adenoviruses contribute to the virus life cycle by altering the trafficking of cellular proteins involved in adaptive immunity and inflammatory responses. The ability of early region 3 genes to target specific molecules suggests that they could be used to curtail pathological processes associated with these molecules and treat human disease. However, this approach requires genetic dissection of the multiple functions attributed to early region 3 genes. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of targeting on the ability of the early region 3-encoded protein RIDalpha to downregulate the EGF receptor. A fusion protein between the RIDalpha cytoplasmic tail and glutathione S-transferase was used to isolate clathrin-associated adaptor 1 and adaptor 2 protein complexes from mammalian cells. Deletion and site-directed mutagenesis studies showed that residues 71-AYLRH of RIDalpha are necessary for in vitro binding to both adaptor complexes and that Tyr72 has an important role in these interactions. In addition, RIDalpha containing a Y72A point mutation accumulates in the trans-Golgi network and fails to downregulate the EGF receptor when it is introduced into mammalian cells as a transgene. Altogether, our data suggest a model where RIDalpha is trafficked directly from the trans-Golgi network to an endosomal compartment, where it intercepts EGF receptors undergoing constitutive recycling to the plasma membrane and redirects them to lysosomes.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Ankur Shah, Nov 25, 2014
0 Followers
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The small guanosine triphosphatase Rab7 regulates late endocytic trafficking. Rab7-interacting lysosomal protein (RILP) and oxysterol-binding protein-related protein 1L (ORP1L) are guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-Rab7 effectors that instigate minus end-directed microtubule transport. We demonstrate that RILP and ORP1L both interact with the group C adenovirus protein known as receptor internalization and degradation alpha (RIDalpha), which was previously shown to clear the cell surface of several membrane proteins, including the epidermal growth factor receptor and Fas (Carlin, C.R., A.E. Tollefson, H.A. Brady, B.L. Hoffman, and W.S. Wold. 1989. Cell. 57:135-144; Shisler, J., C. Yang, B. Walter, C.F. Ware, and L.R. Gooding. 1997. J. Virol. 71:8299-8306). RIDalpha localizes to endocytic vesicles but is not homologous to Rab7 and is not catalytically active. We show that RIDalpha compensates for reduced Rab7 or dominant-negative (DN) Rab7(T22N) expression. In vitro, Cu(2+) binding to RIDalpha residues His75 and His76 facilitates the RILP interaction. Site-directed mutagenesis of these His residues results in the loss of RIDalpha-RILP interaction and RIDalpha activity in cells. Additionally, expression of the RILP DN C-terminal region hinders RIDalpha activity during an acute adenovirus infection. We conclude that RIDalpha coordinates recruitment of these GTP-Rab7 effectors to compartments that would ordinarily be perceived as early endosomes, thereby promoting the degradation of selected cargo.
    The Journal of Cell Biology 01/2008; 179(5):965-80. DOI:10.1083/jcb.200702187 · 9.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Host-pathogen interactions are important model systems for understanding fundamental cell biological processes. In this study, we describe a cholesterol-trafficking pathway induced by the adenovirus membrane protein RID-alpha that also subverts the cellular autophagy pathway during early stages of an acute infection. A palmitoylation-defective RID-alpha mutant deregulates cholesterol homeostasis and elicits lysosomal storage abnormalities similar to mutations associated with Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) disease. Wild-type RID-alpha rescues lipid-sorting defects in cells from patients with this disease by a mechanism involving a class III phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase. In contrast to NPC disease gene products that are localized to late endosomes/lysosomes, RID-alpha induces the accumulation of autophagy-like vesicles with a unique molecular composition. Ectopic RID-alpha regulates intracellular cholesterol trafficking at two distinct levels: the egress from endosomes and transport to the endoplasmic reticulum necessary for homeostatic gene regulation. However, RID-alpha also induces a novel cellular phenotype, suggesting that it activates an autonomous cholesterol regulatory mechanism distinct from NPC disease gene products.
    The Journal of Cell Biology 11/2009; 187(4):537-52. DOI:10.1083/jcb.200903039 · 9.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sorting and maintenance of the EGF receptor on the basolateral surface of renal epithelial cells is perturbed in polycystic kidney disease and apical expression of receptors contributes to severity of disease. The goal of these studies was to understand the molecular basis for EGF receptor missorting using a well-established mouse model for the autosomal recessive form of the disease. We have discovered that multiple basolateral pathways mediate EGF receptor sorting in renal epithelial cells. The polycystic kidney disease allele in this model, Bicc1, interferes with one specific EGF receptor pathway without affecting overall cell polarity. Furthermore one of the pathways is regulated by a latent basolateral sorting signal that restores EGF receptor polarity in cystic renal epithelial cells via passage through a Rab11-positive subapical compartment. These studies give new insights to possible therapies to reconstitute EGF receptor polarity and function in order to curb disease progression. They also indicate for the first time that the Bicc1 gene that is defective in the mouse model used in these studies regulates cargo-specific protein sorting mediated by the epithelial cell specific clathrin adaptor AP-1B.
    Molecular biology of the cell 08/2010; 21(15):2732-45. DOI:10.1091/mbc.E09-12-1059 · 5.98 Impact Factor