Despite the high prevalence of prostate cancer, little information is available on the quality of life of men and their spouses during the phases of illness. This study assessed patients' and spouses' quality of life, appraisal of illness, resources, symptoms, and risk for distress across three phases of prostate cancer: newly diagnosed, biochemical recurrence, and advanced.
The sample consisted of 263 patient/spouse dyads. A stress-appraisal conceptual model guided the selection of variables which were then assessed with established instruments. Study variables were examined for phase effects (differences in dyads across three phases), role effects (patients v spouses), and phase-by-role interactions (differences within dyads across phases) using analysis of variance (ANOVA).
More phase effects than role effects were found, indicating that the psychosocial experiences of patients and their spouses were similar, but differed from dyads in other phases. Dyads in the advanced phase were at highest risk for distress. These patients had the lowest physical quality of life, and their spouses had the lowest emotional quality of life of all participants. Dyads in the biochemical recurrence and advanced phases had more negative appraisals of illness and caregiving, greater uncertainty, and more hopelessness compared with dyads in the newly diagnosed phase. Spouses, in contrast to patients, had less confidence in their ability to manage the illness and perceived less support across all phases of illness.
Phase-specific programs of care are needed to assist both men with prostate cancer and their spouses to manage the effects of illness.
"More broadly, Soloway et al. (2005), Badr and Taylor (2009) and Hawkins et al. (2009) researched the impact of prostate cancer on a couple's sexuality and relationships. Couper et al. (2006), Northouse et al. (2007) and Sinfield et al. (2009) have investigated the unique psycho-social needs of these couples. Themes such as regret, distress and lowered levels of sexual satisfaction were common among all these emerging bodies of research. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore issues related to sexual function and relationships, for men and their wives or partners, following diagnosis and treatment for prostate cancer.
A diagnosis of prostate cancer and subsequent treatment result in a significant number of men experiencing some impairment to their sexual function. There is scant research into the impact of changed sexual function on these men's masculinity, sexuality, intimate relationships and their needs regarding counselling and supportive care.
Focus groups and couple interviews were used to improve validity for questionnaire items designed to provide insight into men's experiences of prostate cancer in areas such as sexual function and relationships. The questionnaire included both closed and open-ended questions and had the option for the wife or partner to complete a section.
Qualitative research revealed 17 specific categories within three key themes: sexual dysfunction, loss of libido and masculinity. The questionnaire found, unexpectedly, the majority of men said that they had sufficient emotional and psychological support. Wives/partners confirmed cancer had impacted on their partner's feelings of masculinity (71%), compared to 42% of men who felt that this was the case. Predictors of loss of libido, erectile dysfunction and 'feeling less of a man' were developed. Univariate predictors included hormone therapy, regrets about treatment choice, cancer having impacted on masculinity and distress during the last week.
Men are not able to clearly identify the challenges prostate cancer brings especially changes to their masculinity.
The findings strongly suggest that for men with prostate cancer, nursing assessments of men's sexual health be augmented by information gained from their partners; further, these assessments should be augmented with a careful exploration of these men's psyche guided by the knowledge that masculinity influences perceptions of self (being a man) and help seeking.
"Previous studies have reported that having a cancer patient in a family can be a distress. In a study reporting on psychosocial status and quality of life of patients and spouses in patients with prostate cancer, spouses had the lowest emotional quality of life of all participants, suggesting that cancer takes an emotional toll on spouses . Another study examined levels of depression and anxiety in newly diagnosed adult patients and their adult family members. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A population-based study was conducted in order to examine the characteristics of family members of cancer patients in comparison with the general population and also to evaluate the psychosocial impact of cancer patients on their family members.
From the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES IV) (2007-2009) dataset, we identified 460 cancer patients and then selected family members of these patients who were aged 20 years or older (n=565). The control group was sampled from members of families without a cancer patient with matching for sex and age (n=2,260). Serial conditional logistic regression models were used for comparison of characteristics between family members of cancer patients and subjects in the control group.
Family members of cancer patients were less employed (57.9% vs. 63.0%, p<0.001), more functionally limited (20.2% vs. 16.5%, p=0.032), and had lower self-rated health (p=0.023) compared with sex and age-matched control subjects. They also had a significantly higher level of stress (79.7% vs. 76.1%, p=0.008), history of depression (12.9% vs. 10.2%, p=0.035), and current depressive symptoms (5.5% vs. 3.5%, p=0.038). However, higher physical activity was reported in family members of cancer patients (13.6% vs. 9.6%, p=0.003) than in control subjects. The presence of a cancer patient in the family showed an association with current depressive symptoms (odds ratio, 1.62; 95% confidence interval, 1.05 to 2.48; p=0.028), however, the association was no longer significant after adjustment for household income, education level, and employment status (p=0.304).
Family members of cancer patients are more susceptible to depression, probably due to adverse change in socioeconomic status. Use of multidisciplinary approaches for promotion of psychological health and well-being is essential.
Cancer Research and Treatment 09/2013; 45(3):226-33. DOI:10.4143/crt.2013.45.3.226 · 3.32 Impact Factor
"Badr & Taylor (2009) Couper et al. (2009) Mitschke (2009) Kershaw et al. (2008) Harden et al. (2008) Northouse et al. (2007) Ezer et al. (2006) Harden et al. (2006) Resendes & McCorkle (2006) Riechers (2004) (review) Banthia et al. (2003) Crowe & Costello (2003) Srirangam et al. (2003) Maliski et al. (2002) Boehmer & Clark (2001) Manne (1998) (review) Beck et al. (2009) (review) Jones et al. (2008) Milne et al. (2008) Garos et al. (2007) O'Rourke (2007) Zeliadt et al. (2006) (review) Boehmer & Babayan (2004) Berry et al. (2003) Davison et al. (2003) Davison et al. (2002) Rivers et al. (2011) Song et al. (2011) Sterba et al. (2011) O'Shaughnessy & Laws (2009) Kim et al. (2008) Sanders et al. (2006) Ka'opua et al. (2005) Campbell (2004) Perez et al. (2002) Kornblith et al. (1994) "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Extensive research has focused on understanding family dynamics of men with prostate cancer. However, little qualitative work has examined the role of family ties on men's prostate cancer decisions across the spectrum of screening, diagnosis, and treatment. Using data from a larger study, we qualitatively explored the influence of family ties on men's prostate cancer decisions. Semistructured interviews were conducted with men ages ≥50 (N = 64), and data were analyzed using a grounded theory approach and a series of immersion/crystallization cycles. Three major themes of spousal/family member influence were identified: (a) spousal/family member alliance marked by open communication and shared decision making, (b) men who actively opposed spouse/family member pressure and made final decisions themselves, and (c) men who yielded to spouse/family member pressure. Our findings provide insights into men's relational dynamics that are important to consider for the shared decision-making process across the prostate cancer spectrum.
American journal of men's health 03/2013; 7(6). DOI:10.1177/1557988313480226 · 1.15 Impact Factor
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