Pleiotropy and Redundancy of STAT Proteins in Early Pregnancy

Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Science, Wroclaw, Poland.
Reproduction in Domestic Animals (Impact Factor: 1.18). 09/2007; 42(4):343-53. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0531.2006.00787.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) are a group of proteins involved in signal transduction from numerous bioactive substances. Hormones and cytokines such as leukaemia inhibitory factor, interferon-tau and prolactin, which play key roles during early pregnancy, activate the Janus kinase (JAK)/STAT signalling pathway. The STATs are thus involved in the regulation of implantation, establishing uterine receptivity and regulation of the maternal immune response. It seems that STATs can orchestrate signals from hormones and cytokines in different cell types and may therefore generate numerous biological effects, despite the relatively small number of receptors activating the JAK/STAT pathway. This review summarizes the participation of STATs in the main processes of early pregnancy, especially regarding their pleiotropy and redundancy.

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