Article

Grandparents raising grandchildren - Stressors, social support, and health outcomes

Grand Valley State University, Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States
Journal of Family Nursing (Impact Factor: 1.57). 09/2007; 13(3):333-52. DOI: 10.1177/1074840707303841
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The major purpose of this study was to identify predictors of grandparent caregiver health status. Additional purposes were to describe the physical and emotional health of grandparent caregivers and the perceived benefits of support group attendance. A convenience sample of 42 grandparents was recruited from support groups. Data were collected through telephone interviews. Grandparents who had higher parenting stress reported lower levels of physical, social, and mental health. Inverse correlations were present between life stress and mental health. Positive correlations were found between social support and physical health. No pattern emerged in a comparison of the health of caregiving grandparents and a normative sample. Emotional support was the primary benefit derived from support group attendance. There were modest inverse associations between the length of time the child had lived with the grandparent and six of the eight indicators of grandparent health.

3 Followers
 · 
338 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Increased caregiving burden and HIV-related disability have important implications for affected populations and health and social security systems in southern Africa. Based on a review of HIV, caregiving, and disability literature, and of existing disability models, the authors discuss the potential interrelationships between caregiving and disability in the context of HIV. They develop an exploratory model to illustrate these linkages. Co-existing experiences of disability and caregiving burden may lead to a vicious cycle of deteriorating well-being among affected households and place additional strain on social security systems. HIV may exacerbate this cycle at both a micro and a macro level. Research, policy, and practice should aim to provide more effective synergies between rehabilitation, HIV treatment, care and support, and household livelihood interventions. Particular attention should be paid to the ability of social systems to meet the specific needs of informal care providers with disability and their care recipients.
    The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC 01/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jana.2013.10.001 · 1.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Most in-depth studies of grandparents raising grandchildren use samples recruited from service providers, so little is known about those who do not use formal services. A sample of 200 grandparents registered with a public school district completed a survey on service use and unmet service needs. Of the 131 who did not use services, 82 reported unmet service needs, and 49 reported no needs. Those with unmet needs were younger, more likely to be Native Hawaiian, and less likely to receive public assistance. These findings indicate that some grandparents are falling through the cracks of the service provision network.
    Journal of Gerontological Social Work 06/2013; DOI:10.1080/01634372.2013.804471
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Globally, a growing number of grandparents are caring for their grandchildren. The impact and burden associated with increases in custodial grandparenting, however, may differ by culture. In the United States, the caregiving role has been shown to be a significant source of stress for older adults. In cultures in which grandparents are more commonly involved in the care of young children, however, increasing caregiving roles may not be viewed as stressful. This study examines the impact of caregiving on perceived and physiological measures of stress among 640 Luo elders (60+) in western Kenya, where high HIV prevalence among younger-to-middle aged adults has led to a heavy burden of orphan care. Perceived stress levels were measured using the Luo Perceived Stress Scale (LPSS). Salivary cortisol and casual blood pressure were used as biomarkers of stress. Results were analyzed using random mixed effects models. Overall this study showed that caregivers have higher levels of perceived stress than non-caregivers. For women, household composition, including the number of orphans and adults in the homestead impacted perceived stress. Among men, those who perceived caregiving as burdensome had higher perceived stress. Despite the association between caregiving and perceived stress, there was a minimal relationship between caregiving and the two biomarkers of stress. This may be because caregiving is superimposed onto other stressors and therefore has a minimal physiological impact. These results highlight the importance of local context in determining the impact of the caregiving role on older adult well-being.
    Social Science [?] Medicine 03/2012; 74(12):2020-7. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.02.018 · 2.56 Impact Factor