Absence of human herpesvirus-8 in pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor: immunohistochemical and molecular analysis of 20 cases

Department of Pulmonary and Mediastinal Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC 20306, USA.
Modern Pathology (Impact Factor: 6.19). 10/2007; 20(9):995-9. DOI: 10.1038/modpathol.3800938
Source: PubMed


Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors are uncommon lesions composed of spindled myofibroblasts within a variable background of collagen and inflammatory cells. Although the true nature of these lesions is not fully elucidated, identification of consistent cytogenetic alterations in the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene suggests that they may be neoplastic. A small number of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors have been reported to harbor human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8), implicating the virus in its pathogenesis. In this study, 20 cases of pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor were analyzed for the presence of HHV-8 with immunohistochemical and molecular methods. In all cases, antibodies to the latent nuclear antigen of the virus were applied. Four open reading frames (ORFs), including ORFs K2, 16, 26, and 72, were targeted utilizing real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The cohort included 9 men and 11 women with a mean age of 37 years (range, 1-81). Microscopically, the tumors were composed of cytologically bland spindle cells with myofibroblastic differentiation. On immunohistochemical studies, 20% of cases (4/20) demonstrated diffuse cytoplasmic positivity with ALK. Immunohistochemical staining for the latent nuclear protein of the virus was negative in all cases (0/20). All tumors (100%, 20/20) tested with real-time PCR were negative for all four ORFs, whereas 100% (10/10) of positive control Kaposi sarcoma cases were positive. Her2 gene expression was present in all (20/20) inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors confirming the presence of amplifiable deoxyribonucleic acid in the tissue lysate. This study documents the absence of HHV-8 in pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors, suggesting that further investigation is required to clarify the pathogenesis of this lesion.

Download full-text


Available from: Irem hicran Ozbudak, Apr 14, 2014
6 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A female infant was diagnosed with an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor involving the left ventricle, which compromised cardiac function. The tumor was endocardial in location and resection was not possible. In this study we report the first successful cardiac transplant and long-term follow-up for this indication.
    The Journal of heart and lung transplantation: the official publication of the International Society for Heart Transplantation 08/2008; 27(7):792-6. DOI:10.1016/j.healun.2008.03.005 · 6.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The authors describe 3 cases of sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation (SANT) of the spleen diagnosed at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center within a 1-year period (July 2008 to June 2009). All patients were female, older than 50, with lesions ranging in size from 2 to 4 cm. All were alive and well after splenectomy. All the cases showed characteristic histological and immunophenotypical findings as previously described in the literature, including scattered IgG4positive plasma cells in the fibrosclerotic stroma. Of the 3 patients, 2 had a history of carcinoma, and metastasis was of concern, but a PET scan in one of these patients showed minimal to absent FDG activity suggesting that this process was of a benign indolent nature. However, in 1 patient, a PET scan revealed positive FDG activity, heightening clinical concern for malignancy.
    International Journal of Surgical Pathology 09/2009; 17(5):384-9. DOI:10.1177/1066896909342568 · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old female patient was admitted to hospital because of progressive thrombosis despite therapeutic anticoagulation as well as leukocytosis with eosinophilia and thrombocytopenia. On examination, the patient presented with dyspnea and swelling oft her left leg and arm. The laboratory findings revealed leukocytosis (31,000/microl) with eosinophilia (54%), thrombocytopenia (58,000/microl), together with an increased C-reactive protein of 247 mg/dl (reference range < 5 mg/dl). Initial computed tomography scans showed pulmonary embolism and a slightly enlarged left inguinal lymph node. Histological examination of the lymph node biopsy revealed in part an epitheloid and spindle cell-like tumorous lesion with slightly increased tissue eosinophilia consistent with an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT). Resection of the left inguinal lymph node resulted in an immediate regression of the paraneoplastic eosinophilia and thrombocytopenia. Anti-inflammatory medication with ibuprofen was subsequently initiated. Imaging and clinical examination at 3 months after discharge revealed no relapse and no signs of a paraneoplastic syndrome. CONCLUSION: The IMT is a rare soft-tissue tumor of intermediate dignity with a low tendency to metastasize. It is consistently accompanied by paraneoplastic syndromes. Therapy of choice is complete resection of the tumor. In nonresectable cases, corticosteroids and nonsteroidal antirheumatics have been shown to be effective. Because of the variable clinical course ranging from spontaneous regression to metastasis, IMTs might be separated into different entities (autoimmune, inflammatory, neoplastic subtype) which thus far cannot be classified on a histopathologic basis. A clinical assessment of the dignity is therefore important until further subclassifications of this rare disease become available.
    Medizinische Klinik 04/2010; 105(4):232-6. DOI:10.1007/s00063-010-1030-x · 0.27 Impact Factor
Show more