Eleutherococcus senticosus extract attenuates LPS-induced iNOS expression through the inhibition of Akt and JNK pathways in murine macrophage.
ABSTRACT Eleutherococcus senticosus (Araliaceae) is immunological modulator which has been successfully used for anti-inflammatory effectors on anti-rheumatic diseases in oriental medicine. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and Akt modulate the transcription of many genes involved in the inflammatory process. In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of Eleutherococcus senticosus on the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-activated macrophages. Finally, we studied the involvement of MAPKs and Akt signaling in the protective effect of Eleutherococcus senticosus in LPS-activated macrophages. Eleutherococcus senticosus significantly attenuated LPS-induced iNOS expression but not COX-2 expression. In using the standard inhibitors (MAPKs and Akt), our results show that Eleutherococcus senticosus downregulates inflammatory iNOS expression by blocking JNK and Akt activation.
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ABSTRACT: Arctium lappa (AL), Camellia sinensis (CS), Echinacea angustifolia, Eleutherococcus senticosus, Panax ginseng (PG), and Vaccinium myrtillus (VM) are plants traditionally used in many herbal formulations for the treatment of various conditions. Although they are well known and already studied for their anti-inflammatory properties, their effects on H2O2-stimulated macrophages are a novel area of study.Journal of Inflammation Research 06/2014; 7. DOI:10.2147/JIR.S61471
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ABSTRACT: In this study, we investigated the anti-adipogenic effects of Eleutherococcus senticosus and its active compounds in vitro to examine new functions. We first analyzed the active compounds in E. senticosus growing in Korea using HPLC and found that the concentration of eleutheroside B and E was higher in stems and roots than in other plant parts. There were no significant (p<0.05) differences in eleutheroside concentration between plant ages. Anti-adipogenic effects of E. senticosus on lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells were examined. Extracts of stems and roots more effectively inhibited lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 cells than extracts of other plant parts. Eleutheroside E was responsible for the pharmacological anti-adipogenic effects via regulation of the mTOR pathway. This is the first report of an anti-adipogenic effect of E. senticosus and the active compound eleutheroside E.Food science and biotechnology 06/2014; 23(3):889-893. DOI:10.1007/s10068-014-0119-z · 0.66 Impact Factor
Frontiers in Bioscience 01/2011; 16(1):517. DOI:10.2741/3702 · 4.25 Impact Factor