Pre-exposure rabies vaccination using purified chick embryo cell rabies vaccine intradermally is immunogenic and safe.

Provincial Health Office of Phetchabun, Ministry of Health, Phetchabun, Thailand.
The Journal of pediatrics (Impact Factor: 4.02). 09/2007; 151(2):173-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2007.02.044
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To demonstrate the safety and immunogenicity of intradermal rabies pre-exposure prophylaxis with purified chick embryo cell vaccine (PCECV) in schoolchildren age 5 to 8 years in Thailand.
In a randomized, open-label, phase II clinical trial, 2 or 3 intradermal doses of 0.1 mL PCECV (Rabipur) were administered to 703 schoolchildren on days 0 and 28 or on days 0, 7, and 28. In 206 children, 2 simulated post-exposure booster doses were given 1 year after the primary vaccination series. Rabies virus- neutralizing antibody (RVNA) titers were determined by the rapid fluorescent focus inhibition test.
In school-age children in Thailand, a pre-exposure immunization regimen of 3 intradermal doses of PCECV produced adequate immune responses. After primary vaccination, all subjects developed RVNA titers > or =0.5 IU/mL and demonstrated a rapid increase in RVNA titer after 2 simulated post-exposure booster immunizations 1 year after the primary vaccination series. No serious adverse drug reactions occurred.
Rabies pre-exposure immunization with PCECV is safe and immunogenic, and its implementation could save the lives of many children in rabies-endemic areas.

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