A novel form of autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraplegia caused by a new SPG7 mutation
ABSTRACT Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive spastic paraparesis of the lower limbs.
To identify the genotype and characterize the phenotype in a family with a novel form of complicated autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraparesis (ARHSP).
Six subjects of a Turkish family were examined by clinical evaluation, detailed neuropsychological testing, neurophysiologic studies, MRI, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and mutation analysis of SPG7 gene.
Three individuals were affected by a juvenile-onset form of complicated ARHSP due to the missense mutation c.2075G>C in exon 15 of the SPG7 gene in the homozygous state, substituting serine with threonine at codon 692. As additional clinical features, cerebellar syndrome, supranuclear palsy, and cognitive impairment, particularly disturbance of attention and executive functions, were found. MRI showed cerebellar atrophy and mild frontal cerebral atrophy. DTI revealed bilateral disturbance of white matter integrity in corticospinal tracts, frontal lobes, and the midbrain.
The new SPG7 gene mutation leads to a novel complicated autosomal recessive hereditary spastic paraparesis phenotype that widens the spectrum of different brain systems that are optionally affected in hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP). In this novel phenotype, spastic paraparesis is related to cerebral damage of corticospinal tracts. Impairment of attention and executive functions is due to white matter loss in frontal lobes. Furthermore, supranuclear palsy is caused by white matter damage in the midbrain. This multisystem affection, which was detected by the use of diffusion tensor imaging, may reflect a mitochondrial dysfunction that contributes to the underlying pathogenesis of SPG7-HSP.
- SourceAvailable from: D V Krishna Pantakani[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An autosomal recessive form of hereditary spastic paraplegia (AR-HSP) is primarily caused by mutations in the SPG7 gene, which codes for paraplegin, a subunit of the hetero-oligomeric m-AAA protease in mitochondria. In the current study, sequencing of the SPG7 gene in the genomic DNA of 25 unrelated HSP individuals/families led to the identification of two HSP patients with compound heterozygous mutations (p.G349S/p.W583C and p.A510V/p.N739KfsX741) in the coding sequence of the SPG7 gene. We used a yeast complementation assay to evaluate the functional consequence of novel SPG7 sequence variants detected in the HSP patients. We assessed the proteolytic activity of hetero-oligomeric m-AAA proteases composed of paraplegin variant(s) and proteolytically inactive forms of AFG3L2 (AFG3L2(E575Q) or AFG3L2(K354A)) upon expression in m-AAA protease-deficient yeast cells. We demonstrate that the newly identified paraplegin variants perturb the proteolytic function of hetero-oligomeric m-AAA protease. Moreover, commonly occurring silent polymorphisms such as p.T503A and p.R688Q could be distinguished from mutations (p.G349S, p.W583C, p.A510V, and p.N739KfsX741) in our HSP cohort. The yeast complementation assay thus can serve as a reliable system to distinguish a pathogenic mutation from a silent polymorphism for any novel SPG7 sequence variant, which will facilitate the interpretation of genetic data for SPG7.Human Mutation 01/2010; 31(5):617-21. DOI:10.1002/humu.21226 · 5.05 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Primary dystonias are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of movement disorders, but only for two of them, i.e., dystonia 1 and dystonia 6, the disease causing gene has been identified. Dystonia 1 is characterized by an early onset and is caused by a mutation in the TOR1A gene. Only recently, mutations in THAP1 have been shown to be the cause of DYT6 dystonia. We analyzed 610 patients with various forms of dystonia for sequence variants in the THAP1 gene by means of high resolution melting to delineate the prevalence of sequence variants and phenotypic variability. We identified seven sequence variants in patients and one sequence variant in a control. The sequence variants were not detected in 537 healthy controls. Four patients present with generalized dystonia with speech involvement of early onset, another three patients suffered exclusively from cervical dystonia of adult onset. These findings suggest that THAP1 sequence variations seem to be associated with different ages of onset and distribution of symptoms. Consequently, the phenotypic spectrum might be broader than previously assumed.Movement Disorders 09/2010; 25(12):1982-6. DOI:10.1002/mds.23207 · 5.63 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The global impact of LRRK2 mutations is yet to be realized with a lack of studies in specific ethnic groups, including those of Asian and African descent. Herein, we investigated the frequency of common LRRK2 variants by complete exon sequencing in a series of publicly available African American Parkinson's disease patients. Our study identified three novel synonymous exonic variants and 13 known coding variations; however, there did not appear to be any frequent (>5%) pathogenic mutations. Given the ethnic-specific LRRK2 variation previously identified in PD further studies in under-represented populations are warranted.Movement Disorders 09/2010; 25(12):1973-6. DOI:10.1002/mds.23163 · 5.63 Impact Factor