Current methods of treatment and prevention of pathologic scars
ABSTRACT The aetiology of pathologic scarring is unknown today regarding the keloids. The authors have analyzed the literature and own experience retrospectively according to the evidence based treatments and prevention of the hypertrophic and keloid scars. The corticosteroids have been used intralesionally since the beginning of the 1960-ies. It was followed by the pressure garment therapy in order to treat the widespread burns scars in the early 1970-ies. The silicone gel sheeting is being used since the 1980-ies. The basic treatment of keloids changed, radiotherapy was combined with the above mentioned methods because of its high recurrence rate. Newer methods, cryosurgery as well as lasers were used to treat keloids. The number of effective topical agents was increased. The researchers have been looking for other, intralesionally usable medicine and genetic causes for more than ten years. The clinicians have had the standard protocols of the adjunct and alternative methods too. After having the standard and internationally accepted scar assessment system (Vancouver-scar scale and score), the controlled, randomized trials were practicable. The prospective evaluation of the efficacy of different protocols with adequate follow-up became performable. The comparison of different methods is difficult because of the lack of its standard outcome.
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ABSTRACT: We recently demonstrated that Ski is a novel wound healing-related factor that promotes fibroblast proliferation and inhibits collagen secretion. Here, we show that increasing local Ski expression by gene transfer not only significantly accelerated wound healing by relieving inflammation, accelerating re-epithelialization and increasing formation of granulation tissue, but also reduced scar formation by decreasing collagen production in rat dermal wounds. Similarly, ski gene transfer accelerated wound healing, reduced the protuberant height and volume of scars and increased collagen maturity in a hypertrophic scar model in the rabbit ear. Conversely, reducing Ski expression in the wound by RNA interference resulted in significantly slower wound healing and increased scar area in rat dermal wounds. We demonstrated that these effects of Ski are associated with transforming growth factor-β-mediated signalling pathways through both Smad2/3-dependent and Smad-independent pathways. Together, our results define a dual role for Ski in promoting wound healing and alleviating scar formation, identifying a new target for therapeutic approaches to preventing scar hyperplasia and accelerating wound healing.The Journal of Pathology 04/2011; 223(5):659-71. DOI:10.1002/path.2831 · 7.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An anti-fibrotic compound produced by Streptomycesn xiamenensis, found in mangrove sediments, was investigated for possible therapeutic effects against fibrosis. The compound, N-[[3,4-dihydro-3S-hydroxy-2S-methyl-2-(4'R-methyl-3'S-pentenyl)-2H-1-benzopyran-6-yl]carbonyl]-threonine (1), was isolated from crude extracts and its structure, including the absolute configuration was determined by extensive spectroscopic data analyses, Mosher's method, Marfey's reagent and quantum mechanical calculations. In terms of biological effects, this compound inhibits the proliferation of human lung fibroblasts (WI26), blocks adhesion of human acute monocytic leukemia cells (THP-1) to a monolayer of WI26 cells, and reduces the contractile capacity of WI26 cells in three-dimensional free-floating collagen gels. Altogether, these data indicate that we have identified a bioactive alkaloid (1) with multiple inhibitory biological effects on lung excessive fibrotic characteristics, that are likely involved in fibrosis, suggesting that this molecule might indeed have therapeutic potential against fibrosis.Marine Drugs 03/2012; 10(3):639-54. DOI:10.3390/md10030639 · 3.51 Impact Factor