The comparative study of two recently developed A-scan devices: determination of central corneal thickness, anterior chamber depth and axial length.
ABSTRACT The clinical use and comparison of two recently developed A-scan ultrasound devices.
The same investigator determined central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD) and axial length (AL) with an OcuScan RxP (Alcon, Forth Worth, Texas, USA) and an AL-2000 (Tomey, Erlangen, Germany) ultrasound device in 80 eyes of 40 patients. The mean patient age was 63.72 years [standard deviation (SD) 18.92]. The patients did not suffer from any systemic or eye disease affecting the anterior and posterior segments of the eye, and their refractive error (spherical and astigmatic) did not exceed +/- 3.0 dioptres.
The value of the CCT was 541.55 (SD 34.97) microm with the OcuScan RxP, and 547.46 (SD 35.70) microm with the AL-2000 device (P < 0.001). With respect to the ACD and AL, significantly lower values were obtained with the AL-2000 instrument (P < 0.001). The ACD was 2.92 (SD 0.48) mm with the AL-2000 and 3.07 (SD 0.47) mm with the OcuScan RxP device. The AL was 22.67 (SD 0.84) mm with the AL-2000 and 22.81 (SD 0.87) mm with the OcuScan RxP instrument. However, a positive and significant correlation could be demonstrated between the devices (r = 0.88 CCT, r = 0.86 ACD and r = 0.91 AL; P < 0.001).
The instruments are reliable in clinical use; however, statistically significant differences were found between the devices. During patient follow-up, the devices cannot simply be used interchangeably.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the precision, reproducibility, and applicability of an optical method based on partial coherence interferometry for intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation. Ultrasound laboratory of a university eye hospital. A prospective comparison of measurements made by the IOLMaster optical instrument (Carl Zeiss) and Ultrascan Digital 2000 contact ultrasound A-scan (Alcon) for IOL calculations was performed. Examined were 255 eyes of 134 persons (204 phakic, 47 pseudophakic, and 4 aphakic). The mean age of the patients was 67.9 years (range 7 to 94 years). The IOLMaster measurements were successful in more than 80% of cases: in 82%, 99%, and 99% for axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and keratometry measurements, respectively. The reproducibility of the AL and ACD measurements was very high (coefficient of variation 0.13% and 2.20%, respectively). The AL and ACD values were significantly larger with the IOLMaster (P <.001) than with the Ultrascan Digital 2000. The correlation between ultrasound and optical AL measurements was high (r = 0.985; P <.001); however, there was no correlation between ACD measurements (r = 0.079; P =.397). The corneal refractive power measurements of a Javal-type keratometer and the IOLMaster were highly correlated (r = 0.955; P <.001), with a mean difference of 0.2 diopter. The results show that measurements for IOL calculation are easy and precise with the optical method. It is a noncontact method, so no anesthesia is needed and there is no risk of infection.Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 01/2003; 29(1):85-8. · 2.53 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To compare anterior chamber depth (ACD) measurements in phakic and pseudophakic eyes using a slit-beam photographic technique (IOLMaster, Carl Zeiss Meditec AG) with those obtained with the laboratory prototype version of partial coherence interferometry (PCI) and with conventional applanation ultrasound in phakic eyes. Department of Ophthalmology, Vienna General Hospital, Vienna University, Vienna, Austria. Thirty-three ACDs of 28 patients with age-related cataract were measured preoperatively with a slit-beam photographic technique (IOLMaster) and the prototype version of PCI. In 24 eyes, the ACD was also assessed with applanation ultrasound. In addition, 34 ACDs of 18 pseudophakic patients in a different study population were examined postoperatively with the IOLMaster and PCI. The median ACD in the phakic eyes was 3.06 mm (range 1.93 to 3.90 mm) with the IOLMaster, 3.09 mm with PCI (range 1.49 to 4.06 mm), and 2.87 mm (range 2.18 to 3.33 mm) with applanation ultrasound. The precision was 0.005 mm for PCI and 0.015 mm for IOLMaster measurement. The median difference between the IOLMaster and PCI ACD biometry was 0.01 mm +/- 0.14 (SD) (range -0.44 to 0.17 mm) (P =.71). In pseudophakic eyes, the 2 methods showed a median difference of -0.22 mm (range -0.45 to 1.99 mm) (P >.1) and did not correlate (r = 0.21; P >.2). In phakic eyes, the difference between IOLMaster and PCI measurements was small and not statistically significant. In pseudophakic eyes, the difference was larger and the methods did not correlate.Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 01/2003; 29(1):89-94. · 2.53 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between axial length and retinal involvement in patients with diabetes. A total of 157 consecutive patients with diabetes underwent biometry. The patients were divided into three groups, according to retinopathy: 44 without retinopathy, 37 with background retinopathy, and 76 with proliferative retinopathy. To compare axial length in diabetic versus nondiabetic subjects, a control group of 157 healthy subjects with age and sex distribution similar to the diabetic group was selected from an orthopedic clinic. We investigated in the diabetic group whether the axial length was related to specific type of diabetes (non-insulin-dependent or insulin-dependent), duration of disease, presence of retinopathy, or laser treatment. To eliminate the confounding effect of myopia, we excluded all patients with axial length greater than 24 mm from the two groups. Comparison of diabetic patients without retinopathy versus nondiabetic subjects was also performed. Diabetic patients presented shorter axial lengths compared with the controls (mean +/- standard deviation, 22.4+/-1.3 mm versus 23.4+/-1.3 mm; P<0.001). Significantly shorter axial lengths were found in the background and proliferative retinopathy groups compared with the group without retinopathy (22.0+/-1.2 mm and 22.1+/-1.1 mm versus 23.2+/-1.4 mm, respectively; P<0.05). No difference in axial length was found between the diabetic patients without retinopathy and the nondiabetic subjects (P = 0.3). Multivariate analyses showed that retinopathy was negatively correlated with axial length (P<0.01). Including only the patients with axial length under 24 mm, we obtained similar results. Axial length is shorter in diabetic patients than in nondiabetic subjects. Within the diabetic group, patients with retinopathy had shorter axial lengths than did patients without retinopathy.Retina 01/1999; 19(5):401-4. · 2.83 Impact Factor