Detection of Differential Expression of Porcine IFN- α Subtypes by Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction

State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Institute of Genetics, School of Life Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P.R. China.
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research (Impact Factor: 2). 08/2007; 27(7):579-87. DOI: 10.1089/jir.2006.0126
Source: PubMed


The porcine interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) multigene family is a new IFN-alpha system in recent research. Characterization of the PoIFN-alpha multigene family has been described in our previous work, and 14 functional PoIFN-alpha genes were detected in the porcine genome. In this study, we designed subtype-specific primers and consensus primers for PoIFN-alpha. The expression of PoIFN-alpha was detected using the two PCR strategies in three systems, namely, poly(I).poly(C)-DEAE-dextran-induced PK15 cells, pseudorabies virus-infected PK15 cells, and infected PK15 cells with an attenuated strain of swine fever virus, respectively. In poly(I).poly(C)-DEAE-dextran-induced PK15 cells, the expression of IFN-alpha2, -alpha3, -alpha4, -alpha8, and -alpha9 after 6-h/24-h inducement in PK15 cells were observed. In pseudorabies virus-infected PK15 cells, the expression of PoIFN-alpha2, -alpha3, -alpha8, -alpha9, -alpha10, and -alpha13 was observed after 6-h/24-h infection, and in the attenuated strain of swine fever virus-infected PK15 cells, upregulation of PoIFN-alpha2, -alpha3, -alpha4, -alpha8, -alpha9, and -alpha10 was detected. The results of realtime quantitative PCR analysis suggested that the expression was time-dependent in pseudorabies virus/poly(I).poly(C)-DEAE-dextran-induced PK15 cells, but in the attenuated swine fever virus-infected PK15 system, the expression level of IFN-alpha subtypes was not obviously time dependent.

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