[Mesenteric panniculitis: experience in our center].
ABSTRACT Although several etiological factors have been associated with mesenteric panniculitis, the exact etiology in some cases remains unknown. Herein, we present a retrospective analysis of 8 patients affected with this disorder performed between May 2000 and December 2006. In our series the mean age at which patients presented was 63 years. The majority of the patients were male (with a male: female ratio of 3:1). The most common clinical manifestations were abdominal pain (n = 4) and asthenia (n = 4). Three cases presented with obstructive symptoms and three had a history of abdominal surgery. Notably, seven had a background of tobacco use (five smokers and two ex-smokers) and one patient developed follicular lymphoma. A literature research was carried out to analyze our results and formulate a new hypothesis. In our opinion, we believe that the study of causal factors such as tobacco and its components is required due to the strong association found in this study.
Article: Sclerosing Mesenteritis: Diverse clinical presentations and dissimilar treatment options. A case series and review of the literature.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Sclerosing mesenteritis (SM) is a rare pathological condition affecting the mesentery. It is a benign, non-specific inflammation of the adipose tissue of the mesentery of the small intestine and colon. It is characterized by a variable amount of chronic fibrosis. Its etiology is unknown, the pathogenesis is obscure, while the pathological characteristics of the disease are unspecific. The initial clinical presentation varies from typically asymptomatic to that of an acute abdomen. The diagnosis is suggested by computed tomography but is usually confirmed by surgical biopsies. Treatment is largely empirical; it is decided upon on the basis of the clinical condition of the patient, and usually a few specific drugs are used. Surgical resection is sometimes attempted for definitive therapy, although the surgical approach is often limited. We will present five cases of SM as well as a review of the available literature in order to state and compare a variety of clinical presentations, diverse possible etiologies and dissimilar treatment options.International Archives of Medicine 06/2011; 4:17.