Children's estimates of food portion size: the effect of timing of dietary interview on the accuracy of children's portion size estimates
ABSTRACT For food intakes to be converted into nutrient intakes a measure or estimate of the amount of food consumed is required. A number of methods have been developed to assist subjects in providing an estimate of portion size. Children's ability to use perception, conceptualisation and memory skills to estimate food portion size has not been investigated systematically. The aim of the present study was to test the effect of the timing of a dietary interview on the accuracy of estimates of food portion sizes made by children, using food photographs, food models and an interactive portion size assessment system, developed for use with children and based on portion sizes of foods consumed by children. Children (n 108) aged 4-14 years were supplied with known quantities of foods and asked to estimate the portion size of each food using each of the three portion size assessment tools. Interviews took place (a) with the food in view, (b) just after the child had eaten the food or (c) 24 h after the child had eaten the food. There were no significant differences in children's ability to estimate food portion size (either as served or as eaten) with timing of interview. That is, children were as accurate in their estimates of portion size 24 h after consuming the food as when the food was in view. Under these conditions many children were able to estimate food portion size utilising perception, conceptualisation and memory skills.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Karen L Barton, Jan 27, 2014
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Accurate estimation of food portion size is of paramount importance in dietary studies. We have developed a small, chest-worn electronic device called eButton which automatically takes pictures of consumed foods for objective dietary assessment. From the acquired pictures, the food portion size can be calculated semi-automatically with the help of computer software. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the accuracy of the calculated food portion size (volumes) from eButton pictures. Participants wore an eButton during their lunch. The volume of food in each eButton picture was calculated using software. For comparison, three raters estimated the food volume by viewing the same picture. The actual volume was determined by physical measurement using seed displacement. Dining room and offices in a research laboratory. Seven lab member volunteers. Images of 100 food samples (fifty Western and fifty Asian foods) were collected and each food volume was estimated from these images using software. The mean relative error between the estimated volume and the actual volume over all the samples was -2·8 % (95 % CI -6·8 %, 1·2 %) with sd of 20·4 %. For eighty-five samples, the food volumes determined by computer differed by no more than 30 % from the results of actual physical measurements. When the volume estimates by the computer and raters were compared, the computer estimates showed much less bias and variability. From the same eButton pictures, the computer-based method provides more objective and accurate estimates of food volume than the visual estimation method.Public Health Nutrition 12/2013; DOI:10.1017/S1368980013003236 · 2.48 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Diet quality may be influenced by social determinants and weight status. This has not been studied in Puerto Rico; therefore, our cross-sectional study examined whether diet quality, assessed by the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005), differs by social determinants (sex, school type, and region) and weight status in children in Puerto Rico. As part of an island-wide study to evaluate oral health in 1,550 children aged 12 years, dietary intake was assessed in a representative subset (n=796) using a 24-hour diet recall. Diet quality was evaluated from the diet recall results using the HEI-2005. Overall mean HEI-2005 score was 40.9, out of a total maximum score of 100. Girls had significantly higher scores for whole fruit, total vegetables, whole grains, and sodium but lower scores for total grains and milk compared with boys (P<0.05). Children from public schools had higher scores for total fruit, whole fruit, and dark green and orange vegetables and legumes, but lower scores for whole grains and milk compared with those from private schools (P<0.05). Children from the central mountains had higher scores for the dark green and orange vegetables and legumes and whole fruit compared with the other regions (P<0.05). Overweight children had significantly higher scores for total vegetables and milk, but lower scores for total fruit and sodium compared with non-overweight children (P<0.01). Some components of diet quality were associated with the social determinants studied and with weight status in our sample. Overall diet quality needs improvement in Puerto Rican children so that it is better aligned with dietary recommendations.Journal of the American Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 08/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jand.2014.01.011 · 2.44 Impact Factor