Nineteen years of experience with autotransfusion for elective surgery in children: more troublesome than we expected.
ABSTRACT Under the rationale that children undergoing elective surgery are the best candidates for autologous blood donors because of their long life expectancy, aggressive donations of autologous blood, even from infants, have been reported. A number of problems are associated with the procedure, however, whereas the risks of homologous blood are very low.
From 1987 through 2005, of 5792 patients referred to blood transfusion services at two Japanese university hospitals for autologous blood donations, 314 children younger than 16 years old served as subjects for assessment.
Of 314 children, 7 were not suitable as autologous donors. In most cases this was due to uncooperative behavior. Over a follow-up period of 19 years, the authors encountered 53 cases (17.3%) of donation-related problems, and this rate was higher than the 6 percent rate recorded for adult cases (316/5305). Nine children suffered crucial complications such as vasovagal reactions, and one 14-year-old boy required a vasopressor drug. Important findings were that 6 of these were first-time donors, and the amount of blood drawn was under 10 percent of their estimated blood volume.
Of 53 donation-related problems, 9 (17.0%) were accompanied by marked hypotension. Drawing autologous blood from children has become easier with advanced devices; however, lessening of anxiety and tension are essential for the safety of children's autologous blood donation programs. Aggressive donation should be avoided.
- Transfusion 06/2001; 41(5):691-712. · 3.53 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Autologous blood donation in children has become a standard of care. Children have to live with the life-time complications associated with allogeneic blood including the transmission of known and unknown pathogens, and the impact of alloimmunization on future blood transfusions, organ transplants and pregnancies. Donor reaction, allogeneic exposure and utilization rates in pediatric preoperative autologous donation (PAD) programs are as good if not better than reported in adult literature. Children are very resilient when undergoing extreme isovolemic hemodilution (IHD). PAD, IHD and intraoperative blood recovery appear to be useful components of a pediatric blood conservation program. Prospective, randomized studies addressing the specific needs of children are required to properly define their perioperative role.Transfusion Science 09/1999; 21(1):41-62.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) has been reported in Hong Kong. We investigated the viral cause and clinical presentation among 50 patients. We analysed case notes and microbiological findings for 50 patients with SARS, representing more than five separate epidemiologically linked transmission clusters. We defined the clinical presentation and risk factors associated with severe disease and investigated the causal agents by chest radiography and laboratory testing of nasopharyngeal aspirates and sera samples. We compared the laboratory findings with those submitted for microbiological investigation of other diseases from patients whose identity was masked. Patients' age ranged from 23 to 74 years. Fever, chills, myalgia, and cough were the most frequent complaints. When compared with chest radiographic changes, respiratory symptoms and auscultatory findings were disproportionally mild. Patients who were household contacts of other infected people and had older age, lymphopenia, and liver dysfunction were associated with severe disease. A virus belonging to the family Coronaviridae was isolated from two patients. By use of serological and reverse-transcriptase PCR specific for this virus, 45 of 50 patients with SARS, but no controls, had evidence of infection with this virus. A coronavirus was isolated from patients with SARS that might be the primary agent associated with this disease. Serological and molecular tests specific for the virus permitted a definitive laboratory diagnosis to be made and allowed further investigation to define whether other cofactors play a part in disease progression.The Lancet 05/2003; 361(9366):1319-25. · 39.06 Impact Factor