Article

Coexpression of receptor-tyrosine-kinases in gastric adenocarcinoma--a rationale for a molecular targeting strategy?

Department of General and Abdominal Surgery, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany.
World Journal of Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 2.55). 08/2007; 13(26):3605-9.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To define the (co-)expression pattern of target receptor-tyrosine-kinases (RTK) in human gastric adenocarcinoma.
The (co-)expression pattern of VEGFR1-3, PDGFR alpha/beta and EGFR1 was analyzed by RT-PCR in 51 human gastric adenocarcinomas. In addition, IHC staining was applied for confirmation of expression and analysis of RTK localisation.
The majority of samples revealed a VEGFR1 (98%), VEGFR2 (80%), VEGFR3 (67%), PDGFR alpha (82%) and PDGFR beta (82%) expression, whereas only 62% exhibited an EGFR1 expression. 78% of cancers expressed at least four out of six RTKs. While VEGFR1-3 and PDGFR alpha revealed a predominantly cytoplasmatic staining in tumor cells, accompanied by an additional nuclear staining for VEGFR3, EGFR1 was almost exclusively detected on the membrane of tumor cells. PDGFR beta was restricted to stromal pericytes, which also depicted a PDGFR alpha expression.
Our results reveal a high rate of receptor-tyrosine-kinases coexpression in gastric adenocarcinoma and might therefore encourage an application of multiple-target RTK-inhibitors within a combination therapy.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
98 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cetuximab plus irinotecan/folinic acid/5-fluorouracil (5-FU) (IF) was evaluated as first-line treatment of patients with advanced gastric cancer and gastroesophageal junction tumors. Preplanned analyses of the influence of tumor biomarkers on treatment outcome were carried out. Patients received weekly cetuximab (400 mg/m(2) on day 1, subsequently 250 mg/m(2)) plus irinotecan (80 mg/m(2)) and a 24-hour continuous infusion of folinic acid (200 mg/m(2)) and 5-FU (1500 mg/m(2)) on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29 and 36 of a 50-day cycle, until progressive disease (PD). The most common grade 3/4 toxic effects in 49 patients were diarrhea (15%) and skin toxic effects (14%). In 48 assessable patients, the overall response rate was 46% and disease control rate was 79%. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) was 9.0 months [95% confidence interval (CI) 7.1-15.6] and 16.5 months (95% CI 11.7-30.1), respectively. Tumor response was more common than nonresponse in epidermal growth factor receptor-expressing tumors (P = 0.041). Tumor PTEN expression was associated with longer PFS (P = 0.035) and OS (P = 0.0127) than no PTEN expression. Cetuximab plus IF was well tolerated and efficacy data were encouraging. This treatment combination and the role of selected biomarkers are under investigation in the ongoing phase III EXPAND trial.
    Annals of Oncology 11/2010; 22(6):1358-66. · 7.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGFC) has been reported to promote tumor progression in several tumor types, mainly through the stimulation of lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis. However, the expression and biological significance of the VEGFC/VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-3 pathway in ovarian cancer growth and dissemination are unclear, and have been investigated in this study. Soluble VEGFC was detected in the plasma and ascites of patients with ovarian carcinoma, and VEGFR3 expression was found in their tumor tissues. In human ovarian carcinoma xenograft models, high levels of soluble VEGFC in ascites and serum were detected, in association with disease progression, tumor burden, and volume of ascites. Peak VEGFC expression preceded para-aortic lymph node infiltration by HOC8 neoplastic cells. Histological detection of tumor cells in blood and lymphatic vessels indicated both hematogenous and lymphatic dissemination. Overexpression of VEGFC in the VEGFR3-positive and luciferase-expressing IGROV1 cells promoted carcinoma dissemination after orthotopic transplantation in the ovary of immunodeficient mice. In vitro, VEGFC released by the tumor cells stimulated tumor cell migration in an autocrine manner. Cediranib, an inhibitor of VEGFR1-3 and c-kit, inhibited in vivo metastasis of VEGFC-overexpressing IGROV1 and in vitro autocrine effects. These findings suggest that the VEGFC/VEGFR3 pathway acts as an enhancer of ovarian cancer progression through autocrine and paracrine mechanisms, hence offering a potential target for therapy.
    American Journal Of Pathology 02/2014; · 4.60 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background We evaluated the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and safety of sunitinib plus capecitabine/cisplatin (XP) or capecitabine/oxaliplatin (XELOX) in Korean patients with advanced gastric cancer (GC). Methods Sunitinib (37.5 or 25 mg/day) was administered on a 2-week-on/1-week-off schedule with chemotherapy. Assessments included dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), safety, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity. Results Twenty-eight patients received sunitinib/XP; 48 received sunitinib/XELOX. The MTDs were: sunitinib 25 mg/day, cisplatin 80 mg/m(2), and capecitabine 1,000 mg/m(2); sunitinib 37.5 mg/day, oxaliplatin 110 mg/m(2), and capecitabine 800 mg/m(2); and sunitinib 25 mg/day, oxaliplatin 110 mg/m(2), and capecitabine 1,000 mg/m(2). DLTs at the MTDs comprised grade (G) 4 febrile neutropenia plus G3 diarrhea (n = 1; sunitinib/XP), dose delays due to hematologic toxicity (n = 2; both sunitinib/XP), G3 bleeding (menorrhagia; n = 1; sunitinib/XELOX), and G3 increased alanine aminotransferase levels (n = 1; sunitinib/XELOX). There was a high frequency of G3/4 hematologic adverse events observed with both treatment regimens, particularly with sunitinib/XP. Frequent non-hematologic, G3/4 adverse events were nausea, stomatitis, and hypophosphatemia with sunitinib/XP and hypophosphatemia and pulmonary embolism with sunitinib/XELOX. No drug-drug interactions were apparent. At the MTDs, median progression-free survival was 6.4 months and 5.5-8.0 months for sunitinib/XP and sunitinib/XELOX, respectively; and the objective response rate was 46.7 % and 43.5-45.5 % for sunitinib/XP and sunitinib/XELOX, respectively. Conclusions At the MTD, sunitinib/XELOX had an acceptable safety profile in patients with advanced GC.
    Investigational New Drugs 10/2013; · 3.50 Impact Factor

Full-text

View
1 Download
Available from