Lymph node involvement in advanced gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma.
ABSTRACT The prognosis of gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma is unquestionably related to the extent of nodal involvement; nonetheless, few studies deal with the pattern of lymph node spread and specifically analyze the prognostic value of the site of metastasis. The present study was aimed at evaluating these key aspects in advanced gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma.
Of 219 patients consecutively operated on for gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma at the Department of General Surgery and Surgical Oncology, University of Siena, and at the Department of General Surgery, University of Verona, 143 pT2-4 tumors not submitted to prior chemoradiation were analyzed according to the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association pN staging system.
The majority of patients were given diagnoses of nodal metastases (77.6%). The mean number (P = .076) and the percentage of patients with pN+ disease (P = .022) progressively increased from Siewert type I to type III tumors. Abdominal nodes were involved in all but 1 of the patients with pN+ disease; conversely, nodal metastases into the chest were 46.2% for type I, 29.5% for type II, and 9.3% for type III tumors. Survival analysis showed virtually no chance of recovery for patients with more than 6 metastatic nodes or lymph nodes located beyond the first tier.
In advanced gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, the high frequency of nodal metastases and the related unfavorable long-term outcome achieved by means of surgical intervention alone are indicative of the need for aggressive multimodal treatment along with surgical intervention to improve long-term results.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia is rising in Western countries. This study evaluates prognostic factors associated with surgical management of this cancer. Medical records of consecutive patients with gastric cardial cancer treated by surgical resection from 1991 through 2001 were reviewed. Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors were evaluated using log-rank test and Cox regression. Mean followup period was 34 months. Eighty-two patients met study inclusion criteria. Median patient age was 65 years (range 86 to 22). Fifty-nine (72%) patients had type II tumors and 23 (28%) patients had type III tumors, according to the Siewert classification for gastroesophageal junction tumors. Twenty-seven (33%) patients underwent total esophagectomy, 24 (29%) patients underwent extended gastrectomy with thoracotomy, and 31 (38%) patients underwent extended gastrectomy without thoracotomy. Overall postoperative 5-year survival rate was 30%. On multivariate analysis, patient age 65 years and older, absence of lymph node metastasis, and R0 resection emerged as factors independently associated with improved postoperative survival. Frequency with which proximal resection margin was infiltrated with cancer was a function of gross margin length and T stage. Proximal gross margin length of at least 6 cm was required to achieve a microscopically negative proximal margin for T3 and T4 cancers. Achieving R0 resection should be the goal of surgical therapy for the gastric cardial cancer. The surgical approach should be tailored to individual patients to achieve this goal.Journal of the American College of Surgeons 01/2005; 199(6):880-6. · 4.50 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Controversy continues over the optimal extent of lymphadenectomy for the surgical treatment of Adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus. From 1996 to 2003, 102 transthoracic en-bloc esophagectomy were performed for adenocarcinoma. Based on the 1994 consensus conference of the International Society of Disease of Esophagus, 35 patients underwent standard lymphadenectomy whereas 67 underwent extended lymphadenectomy. Mortality, morbidity and long-term survival were reviewed in each group. Extended lymphadenectomy increased the number of resected lymph nodes and improved the healthy/invaded lymph node ratio. It allowed to detect skip nodal metastasis in 36.4% of the N+ patients. Morbidity was higher following extended lymphadenectomy, with respect to pulmonary complications, and blood transfusions requirement (P=0.04). However, operative mortality was similar in both groups (9 vs. 11%). Overall disease-free survival was 28% at 5 years. Median of survival was higher in N0 than in N+ patients (55 months vs. 20 months; P=0.02). Extended lymphadenectomy was associated with an improving of disease-free survival when compared to standard lymphadenectomy (41 vs. 10% at 5 years; P<0.05), especially in the subgroup of patients with a N0 disease (median of survival 44 months vs. 17 months; P=0.001). Based on multivariable analyses, predictive factors of recurrence affecting disease free-survival were the pT status (P=0.02), standard lymphadenectomy (P=0.05) and extracapsular lymph node involvement (0.04). These results indicate that extended 2-field lymphadenectomy is an important component of the surgical treatment of patients with adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus. It increases the likelihood of proper staging and affects patient outcome, while it does not enhance the operative mortality. However, extended lymphadenectomy increases non-fatal morbidity, especially the incidence of pulmonary complications and the need for blood transfusion.European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 04/2005; 27(4):697-704. · 2.67 Impact Factor
- Chirurgie 11/1999; 124(5):584-5.