Lymph node involvement in advanced gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma.
ABSTRACT The prognosis of gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma is unquestionably related to the extent of nodal involvement; nonetheless, few studies deal with the pattern of lymph node spread and specifically analyze the prognostic value of the site of metastasis. The present study was aimed at evaluating these key aspects in advanced gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma.
Of 219 patients consecutively operated on for gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma at the Department of General Surgery and Surgical Oncology, University of Siena, and at the Department of General Surgery, University of Verona, 143 pT2-4 tumors not submitted to prior chemoradiation were analyzed according to the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association pN staging system.
The majority of patients were given diagnoses of nodal metastases (77.6%). The mean number (P = .076) and the percentage of patients with pN+ disease (P = .022) progressively increased from Siewert type I to type III tumors. Abdominal nodes were involved in all but 1 of the patients with pN+ disease; conversely, nodal metastases into the chest were 46.2% for type I, 29.5% for type II, and 9.3% for type III tumors. Survival analysis showed virtually no chance of recovery for patients with more than 6 metastatic nodes or lymph nodes located beyond the first tier.
In advanced gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, the high frequency of nodal metastases and the related unfavorable long-term outcome achieved by means of surgical intervention alone are indicative of the need for aggressive multimodal treatment along with surgical intervention to improve long-term results.
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ABSTRACT: Purpose:To determine whether the volume of resectable adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) measured at multidetector computed tomography (CT) is associated with regional lymph node metastasis and N stage.Materials and Methods:The study was approved by the institutional ethics committee, and written informed consent was obtained from each participant. Two hundred sixteen patients with resectable AEG prospectively underwent contrast material-enhanced thoracoabdominal multidetector CT less than 2 weeks before curative resection. Gross tumor volume was retrospectively measured on CT scans. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify whether gross tumor volume is associated with regional lymph node metastasis. The Mann-Whitney U test was performed to compare gross tumor volume among N stages, with Bonferroni correction for multigroup comparisons. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine if gross tumor volume could help classify N stage.Results:Univariate analysis showed that gross tumor volume is associated with regional lymph node metastasis (P < .0001). Multivariate analysis revealed that gross tumor volume is an independent risk factor of lymph node metastasis (P = .023, odds ratio = 2.791). The Mann-Whitney U test showed that gross tumor volume could help differentiate between stage N0 and stages N1-N2 or N1-N3 disease and between stages N1-N2 and stage N3 disease (P < .0001 for all). In patients with stage T1-T3 AEG, gross tumor volume could help differentiate between stage N0 and stages N1-N2 (cutoff, 15.23 cm(3)) or N1-N3 (cutoff, 17.16 cm(3)) disease and between stages N1-N2 and stage N3 disease (cutoff, 33.96 cm(3)). In patients with stage T3 AEG, gross tumor volume could help differentiate stage N0 from stages N1-N2 (cutoff, 18.41 cm(3)) or N1-N3 (cutoff, 19.30 cm(3)) disease and stages N1-N2 from stage N3 disease (cutoff, 33.96 cm(3)).Conclusion:Gross tumor volume of AEG measured with multidetector CT is associated with regional lymph node metastasis and N stage.© RSNA, 2013.Radiology 05/2013; · 6.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The poor prognosis of gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma is largely associated with metastasis. We here report the first study to investigate the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers Snail1 and E-cadherin in GEJ adenocarcinoma. Snail1 and E-cadherin were detected by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 128 patients with surgically resected GEJ adenocarcinoma. We assessed the pathologic and prognostic relevance in all patients and within clinically different preserved E-cadherin and reduced E-cadherin-expressing sub-groups. Immunoreactivity for Snail1 and E-cadherin was positive in 68 and 43 % of tumors, respectively. Snail1-positive tumors had more frequent lymph node metastasis and advanced tumor stage. E-cadherin expression was highly associated with histological differentiation, tumor size, advanced stage, presence of lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. Patients with positive E-cadherin expression or negative Snail1 expression had significantly favorable overall survival rate. In E-cadherin-preserved tumors, the expression of Snail1 was related to lymph node metastasis, advanced stage and poor patient outcome. However, Snail1 expression had no statistically significant relationship with clinicopathologic parameters or prognosis in the reduced E-cadherin-expressing sub-group. Multivariate survival analysis identified that tumor stage [hazard ratio (HR) 2.440; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.216-4.896; P = 0.012], lymph node metastasis (HR 2.404; 95 % CI 1.188-4.867; P = 0.015) and gender (HR 3.244; 95 % CI 1.568-6.714; P = 0.002) were independent prognostic markers for overall survival. Snail1 may act more critically in E-cadherin-positive tumors. Evaluation of Snail1 and E-cadherin in GEJ adenocarcinoma may help in assessing malignant properties and stratifying patients.Clinical and Translational Oncology 12/2013; · 1.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To reveal the clinicopathological features and risk factors for lymph node metastases in gastric cardiac adenocarcinoma of male patients. We retrospective reviewed a total of 146 male and female patients with gastric cardiac adenocarcinoma who had undergone curative gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy in the Department of Surgery, Xin Hua Hospital and Rui Jin Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University Medical School between November 2001 and May 2012. Both the surgical procedure and extent of lymph node dissection were based on the recommendations of Japanese gastric cancer treatment guidelines. Univariate and multivariate analyses of lymph node metastases and the clinicopathological features were undertaken. The rate of lymph node metastases in male patients with gastric cardiac adenocarcinoma was 72.1%. Univariate analysis showed an obvious correlation between lymph node metastases and tumor size, gross appearance, differentiation, pathological tumor depth, and lymphatic invasion in male patients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that tumor differentiation and pathological tumor depth were the independent risk factors for lymph node metastases in male patients. There was an obvious relationship between lymph node metastases and tumor size, gross appearance, differentiation, pathological tumor depth, lymphatic invasion at pN1 and pN2, and nerve invasion at pN3 in male patients. There were no significant differences in clinicopathological features or lymph node metastases between female and male patients. Tumor differentiation and tumor depth were risk factors for lymph node metastases in male patients with gastric cardiac adenocarcinoma and should be considered when choosing surgery.World Journal of Gastroenterology 10/2013; 19(37):6245-6257. · 2.55 Impact Factor