Design of an irreversible electroporation system for clinical use.

IGEA S.r.l., Via Parmenide, 10/A, I-41012 Carpi (MO) Italy.
Technology in cancer research & treatment (Impact Factor: 1.89). 09/2007; 6(4):313-20. DOI: 10.1177/153303460700600408
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Irreversible electroporation is an ablation modality in which microseconds, high-voltage electrical pulses are applied to induce cell necrosis in a target tissue. To perform irreversible electroporation it is necessary to use a medical device specifically designed for this use. The design of an irreversible electroporation system is a complex task in which the effective delivery of high energy pulses and the safety of the patient and operator are equally important. Pulses of up to 3000 V of amplitude and 50 A of current need to be generated to irreversibly electroporate a target volume of approximately 50 to 70 cm3 with as many as six separate electrodes; therefore, a traditional approach based on high voltage amplifiers becomes hard to implement. In this paper, we present the process that led to the first irreversible electroporator capable of such performances approved for clinical use. The main design choices and its architecture are outlined. Safety issues are also explained along with the solutions adopted.

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