Simultaneous production of high specific activity 64Cu and 61Co with 11.4 MeV protons on enriched 64Ni nuclei.
ABSTRACT The (64)Cu and (61)Co radionuclides were produced simultaneously by irradiation of enriched (64)Ni on a low energy proton-only cyclotron. Nickel targets were prepared by electrodeposition of enriched (64)Ni (>95%) on Au backing at thicknesses of 25-225 mg/cm(2) with efficiencies >99%. Irradiations up to 30 microA for 8h were performed with 11.4 MeV protons using a water-cooled target mounting. Radiochemical separation of (64)Cu and (61)Co from (64)Ni was performed by chromatography of the chlorocomplexes in a single step using an anion exchange resin column with a yield >95%. Using this method, the Ni target material was recovered and re-plated for subsequent production runs with an overall efficiency >96%. The excitation function for the (64)Ni(p,n)(64)Cu reaction was measured and compared with published values. Experimental thick target saturation yields of 159 mCi/microA for (64)Cu and 715 microCi/microA for (61)Co were achieved. Typical specific activities of (64)Cu were found to be 18.8+/-3.3 Ci/micromol.
Article: Visualizing implanted tumors in mice with magnetic resonance imaging using magnetotactic bacteria.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To determine if magnetotactic bacteria can target tumors in mice and provide positive contrast for visualization using magnetic resonance imaging. The ability of the magnetotactic bacterium, Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1 (referred to from here as AMB-1), to confer positive magnetic resonance imaging contrast was determined in vitro and in vivo. For the latter studies, AMB-1 were injected either i.t. or i.v. Bacterial growth conditions were manipulated to produce small (approximately 25-nm diameter) magnetite particles, which were observed using transmission electron microscopy. Tumor targeting was confirmed using 64Cu-labeled bacteria and positron emission tomography and by determination of viable cell counts recovered from different organs and the tumor. We show that AMB-1 bacteria with small magnetite particles generate T1-weighted positive contrast, enhancing in vivo visualization by magnetic resonance imaging. Following i.v. injection of 64Cu-labeled AMB-1, positron emission tomography imaging revealed increasing colonization of tumors and decreasing infection of organs after 4 hours. Viable cell counts showed that, by day 6, the bacteria had colonized tumors but were cleared completely from other organs. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a 1.22-fold (P = 0.003) increased positive contrast in tumors on day 2 and a 1.39-fold increase (P = 0.0007) on day 6. Magnetotactic bacteria can produce positive magnetic resonance imaging contrast and colonize mouse tumor xenografts, providing a potential tool for improved magnetic resonance imaging visualization in preclinical and translational studies to track cancer.Clinical Cancer Research 09/2009; 15(16):5170-7. · 7.74 Impact Factor