Paradox lost: genetic diversity and the success of aquatic invasions.

Gund Institute for Ecological Economics, University of Vermont, 617 Main Street, Burlington, VT 05443, USA.
Trends in Ecology & Evolution (Impact Factor: 15.35). 10/2007; 22(9):454-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2007.07.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT There is mounting evidence that reduced genetic diversity in invasive populations is not as commonplace as expected. Recent studies indicate that high propagule vectors, such as ballast water and shellfish transplantations, and multiple introductions contribute to the elimination of founder effects in the majority of successful aquatic invasions. Multiple introductions, in particular, can promote range expansion of introduced populations through both genetic and demographic mechanisms. Closely related to vectors and corridors of introduction, propagule pressure can play an important role in determining the genetic outcome of introduction events. Even low-diversity introductions have numerous means of avoiding the negative impact of diversity loss. The interaction of high propagule vectors and multiple introductions reveal important patterns associated with invasion success and deserve closer scrutiny.

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