[Two patterns of mediastinal lymph node resection for non-small cell lung cancer of stage IIIA: survival analysis of 219 cases].
ABSTRACT Correctly dealing with mediastinum lymph nodes during operation is critical to the prognosis of resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) of stage IIIA, but the removal extent of mediastinum lymph nodes is controversial. This study was to explore the effects of 2 patterns of mediastinum lymph node resection on long-term survival of stage IIIA NSCLC patients.
Clinical data of 219 stage IIIA NSCLC patients, underwent complete resection from Jan. 1999 to Jan. 2004 in Xinjiang Tumor Hospital, were reviewed. Of the 219 patients, 109 underwent mediastinal lymph node sampling (LS), and 110 underwent systematic mediastinal lymphadenectomy (SML). Survival statuses of the patients were analyzed by Life table method and Kaplan-Meier method; the prognosis was analyzed with Cox multivariate regression model.
The 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 82%, 28%, 13% in LS group, and 88%, 37%, 16% in SML group. The median survival time was significantly longer in SML group than in LS group (23.5 months vs. 20.0 months, P<0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that histopathologic type, metastasis state of mediastinal lymph nodes, mediastinum lymph node resection pattern were prognostic factors of stage IIIA NSCLC patients.
As compared with LS, SML in radical operation could improve the survival rate of stage IIIA NSCLC patients.