Correctly dealing with mediastinum lymph nodes during operation is critical to the prognosis of resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) of stage IIIA, but the removal extent of mediastinum lymph nodes is controversial. This study was to explore the effects of 2 patterns of mediastinum lymph node resection on long-term survival of stage IIIA NSCLC patients.
Clinical data of 219 stage IIIA NSCLC patients, underwent complete resection from Jan. 1999 to Jan. 2004 in Xinjiang Tumor Hospital, were reviewed. Of the 219 patients, 109 underwent mediastinal lymph node sampling (LS), and 110 underwent systematic mediastinal lymphadenectomy (SML). Survival statuses of the patients were analyzed by Life table method and Kaplan-Meier method; the prognosis was analyzed with Cox multivariate regression model.
The 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 82%, 28%, 13% in LS group, and 88%, 37%, 16% in SML group. The median survival time was significantly longer in SML group than in LS group (23.5 months vs. 20.0 months, P<0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that histopathologic type, metastasis state of mediastinal lymph nodes, mediastinum lymph node resection pattern were prognostic factors of stage IIIA NSCLC patients.
As compared with LS, SML in radical operation could improve the survival rate of stage IIIA NSCLC patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A best evidence topic in thoracic surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'In patients undergoing lung resection for non-small cell lung cancer, is lymph node dissection or sampling superior?' Altogether 845 papers were found using the reported search, of which 14 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. We conclude that in stage I tumours there is little difference in survival when performing either mediastinal lymph node dissection (MLND) or lymph node sampling. However, survival is increased when performing MLND in stage II to IIIa tumours. Increased accuracy in staging is not observed with MLND. However, MLND reliably identifies more positive N2 nodes which may offer advantages in postoperative adjuvant treatment in more advanced disease.
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 05/2011; 13(3):311-5. DOI:10.1510/icvts.2011.268979 · 1.16 Impact Factor
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