Article

In vivo effects of bisphenol A in laboratory rodent studies.

U.S. Geological Survey, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Columbia, MO 65201, United States.
Reproductive Toxicology (Impact Factor: 2.77). 08/2007; 24(2):199-224. DOI: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2007.06.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Concern is mounting regarding the human health and environmental effects of bisphenol A (BPA), a high-production-volume chemical used in synthesis of plastics. We have reviewed the growing literature on effects of low doses of BPA, below 50 mg/(kg day), in laboratory exposures with mammalian model organisms. Many, but not all, effects of BPA are similar to effects seen in response to the model estrogens diethylstilbestrol and ethinylestradiol. For most effects, the potency of BPA is approximately 10-1000-fold less than that of diethylstilbestrol or ethinylestradiol. Based on our review of the literature, a consensus was reached regarding our level of confidence that particular outcomes occur in response to low dose BPA exposure. We are confident that adult exposure to BPA affects the male reproductive tract, and that long lasting, organizational effects in response to developmental exposure to BPA occur in the brain, the male reproductive system, and metabolic processes. We consider it likely, but requiring further confirmation, that adult exposure to BPA affects the brain, the female reproductive system, and the immune system, and that developmental effects occur in the female reproductive system.

Full-text

Available from: Linda S Birnbaum, Jun 02, 2015
1 Follower
 · 
180 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The potential of agricultural waste materials for the removal bisphenol A (BPA) from aqueous solution was investigated. BPA is an endocrine-disrupting compound (EDC) used mainly in the plastic manufacturing industry. It may be hazardous to humans and animals because of its estrogenic activity. Agricultural wastes are sustainable adsorbents because of their low cost and availability. Hence, this study investigated the removal of BPA from water by adsorption onto treated coir pith, coconut shell and durian peel. The adsorption of BPA from water onto adsorbent was evaluated using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET). The effects of morphology, functional groups, and surface area on adsorption before and after pretreatment with sulfuric acid and reaction were investigated, and it was found that the treated adsorbent were able to remove BPA. Carbonyl and hydroxyl groups had appear in large number in FTIR analysis. The present study indicates that coir pith had removed 72 % of BPA with adsorption capacity of 4.308 mg/g for 24 h, followed by durian peel (70 %, 4.178 mg/g) and coconut shell (69 %, 4.159 mg/g). The results proved that these modified phyto-waste were promising materials as alternative adsorbent for the removal of BPA from aqueous solution.
    Water Air and Soil Pollution 03/2015; 226(3). DOI:10.1007/s11270-015-2318-5 · 1.69 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Surface water contamination by chemical pollutants increasingly threatens water quality around the world. Among the many contaminants found in surface water, there is growing concern regarding endocrine disrupting chemicals, based on their ability to interfere with some aspect of hormone action in exposed organisms, including humans. This study assessed water quality at several sites across Missouri (near wastewater treatment plants and airborne release sites of bisphenol A) based on hormone receptor activation potencies and chemical concentrations present in the surface water. We hypothesized that bisphenol A and ethinylestradiol would be greater in water near permitted airborne release sites and wastewater treatment plant inputs, respectively, and that these two compounds would be responsible for the majority of activities in receptor-based assays conducted with water collected near these sites. Concentrations of bisphenol A and ethinylestradiol were compared to observed receptor activities using authentic standards to assess contribution to total activities, and quantitation of a comprehensive set of wastewater compounds was performed to better characterize each site. Bisphenol A concentrations were found to be elevated in surface water near permitted airborne release sites, raising questions that airborne releases of BPA may influence nearby surface water contamination and may represent a previously underestimated source to the environment and potential for human exposure. Estrogen and androgen receptor activities of surface water samples were predictive of wastewater input, although the lower sensitivity of the ethinylestradiol ELISA relative to the very high sensitivity of the bioassay approaches did not allow a direct comparison. Wastewater-influenced sites also had elevated anti-estrogenic and anti-androgenic equivalence, while sites without wastewater discharges exhibited no antagonist activities. Published by Elsevier B.V.
    Science of The Total Environment 04/2015; 524-525C:384-393. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.013 · 3.16 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bisphenol A (BPA) is an estrogenic endocrine disrupter. However, depending on a way of treatment, the harmful effects of BPA have not been confirmed. Also, trans-generational effects of BPA on male reproduction are still controversial. Because the reabsorption of testicular fluid in the efferent ductules (ED) and initial segment (IS) is important for sperm maturation, the present study was designed to determine trans-generational effect of BPA administrated orally on expression of water transport-related molecules in the mouse ED and IS. Ethanol-dissolved BPA was diluted in water to be 100 ng (low), 10 μg (medium), and 1 mg/Ml water (high). BPA-containing water was provided for two generations. Expression of ion transporters and water channels in the ED and IS were measured by relative real-time PCR analysis. In the ED, BPA treatment caused expressional increases of carbonic anhydrase II, cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator, Na(+)/K(+) ATPase α1 subunit, and aquaporin (AQP) 1. No change of Na(+)/H(+) exchange (NHE) 3 expression was detected. BPA treatment at medium dose resulted in an increase of AQP9 expression. In the IS, the highest expressional levels of all molecules tested were observed in medium-dose BPA treatment. Generally, high-dose BPA treatment resulted in a decrease or no change of gene expression. Fluctuation of NHE3 gene expression by BPA treatment at different concentrations was detected. These findings suggest that trans-generational exposure to BPA, even at low dose, could affect gene expression of water-transport related molecules. However, such effects of BPA would be differentially occurred in the ED and IS.
    09/2013; 17(3):289-297. DOI:10.12717/DR.2013.17.3.289