Lamivudine/pegylated interferon alfa-2b sequential combination therapy compared with lamivudine monotherapy in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B.
ABSTRACT Monotherapy has been proven insufficient in achieving sustained control of chronic hepatitis B. We aimed to assess the efficacy of combined sequential administration of lamivudine and pegylated interferon alfa-2b in patients with hepatitis Be antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic hepatitis B.
Eighteen patients were given sequential combination treatment starting with 3 months of lamivudine monotherapy followed by 9 months of pegylated interferon alfa-2b (after a 3-month period of concomitant administration of the two drugs) and 24 patients received lamivudine monotherapy.
At the end of treatment, 88.9% of the patients who received sequential combination treatment and 70.8% of those who received lamivudine monotherapy had hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels below 400 copies/mL (P = not significant). At the end of treatment, 72.2% of the patients who received sequential combination treatment and 70.8% of those who received lamivudine monotherapy achieved alanine aminotransferase normalization (P = not significant). After 12 months of follow up, 33.3% of the patients who received sequential combination treatment and 16.7% of those who received lamivudine monotherapy had HBV-DNA levels below 400 copies/mL (P = 0.4). After 12 months of follow up, 72.2% of the patients who received sequential combination treatment and 25.0% of those who received lamivudine monotherapy had normal alanine aminotransferase levels (P < 0.01). Twenty-five percent of the patients in the lamivudine monotherapy group had virological breakthrough compared to none in the sequential combination treatment group (P = 0.06).
Sequential combination treatment is able to improve sustained biochemical response rates and prevent the emergence of lamivudine-resistant mutants in patients with HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B.
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ABSTRACT: We studied the influence of biochemical and virologic patterns and interferon on the outcome of anti-HBe positive chronic hepatitis B in 164 (103 treated) consecutive patients, followed-up prospectively for a mean of 6 years (21 months-12 years). Histology, biochemical and virologic profiles were characterized by monthly monitoring during the first 12 months of follow-up. Thereafter patients underwent blood and clinical controls every 4 and 6 months, respectively. Cirrhosis at follow-up histology or end stage complications of cirrhosis served as end points for the analysis of factors influencing disease progression in patients with baseline chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis, respectively. Disease progression was associated with older age (P<0.001), absence of previous HBeAg history (P=0.017) and higher serum HBV-DNA levels (P=0.009) (more frequently observed in unremitting disease profile, P=0.012) at multivariate analysis. Fluctuations of IgM anti-HBc levels (associated with disease exacerbations, P=0.045) correlated with end stage complications in cirrhotics (P=0.011). Disease improved in 14.6 and 1.6% of treated and untreated patients, respectively (P=0.015): interferon slowed disease progression (P<0.001). The outcome of anti-HBe positive chronic hepatitis B is worsened by older age and persistent viral replication or hepatitis exacerbations in chronic hepatitis or in cirrhotic patients, respectively. Interferon reduces by 2.5-folds disease progression.Journal of Hepatology 02/2002; 36(2):263-70. · 9.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Monotherapy with a single antiviral agent is insufficient in controlling hepatitis B virus infection in the majority of patients with anti-HBe positive chronic hepatitis B. Interferon/long-term lamivudine combination therapy was evaluated to determine if this strategy would improve treatment efficacy and reduce the emergence of lamivudine resistance. In total, 36 consecutive anti-HBe positive patients were treated with interferon (3 MU subcutaneously three times weekly) and lamivudine (100 mg orally once a day) for 12 months. After completion of the combined treatment, all patients continued to receive lamivudine monotherapy indefinitely. Overall, 35 patients (97%) showed virological response at 12 months. Four patients (11%) cleared HBsAg and developed anti-HBs. During the follow-up time, after the discontinuation of interferon, of 30 +/- 12 months (range: 7-57 months), 13 patients (36%) exhibited breakthrough infection. The cumulative rates of breakthrough infection at the end of 1, 2, 3 and 4 years of treatment were 0%, 14%, 32%, and 59%, respectively. Combination therapy appears to be effective and may also delay the selection of lamivudine-resistant variants. However, controlled trials are definitely warranted to clarify the potential benefits of combination antiviral treatment over monotherapy.Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 12/2005; 20(11):1721-5. · 3.33 Impact Factor
- Journal of Hepatology 02/2003; 39 Suppl 1:S3-25. · 9.86 Impact Factor