Receptor subtype-specific modulation by dopamine of glutamatergic responses in striatal medium spiny neurons.
ABSTRACT The output of GABAergic medium-sized spiny neurons in the dorsal striatum is controlled in part by glutamatergic input from the neocortex and the thalamus, and dopaminergic input from ventral midbrain. We acutely isolated these neurons from juvenile (P14-24) rats to study the consequences of the interaction between glutamate and dopamine for neuronal excitability. Single-cell RT-PCR analysis was used to identify the expression patterns of dopamine receptors. D1 and D2 dopamine receptor mRNA was detected in 11/22 and 3/22 of isolated neurons, respectively. Receptor mRNA co-expression was detected in 1/22 cells tested. Whole-cell voltage clamp recording (V(h)=-70 mV) was combined with local or bath application of dopaminergic and glutamatergic agonists to explore dopamine receptor modulation of glutamatergic excitation. Glutamate-evoked inward currents (5 microM, Mg(2+)-free, 1 microM glycine) were attenuated by dopamine (5 microM) to 83.2+/-3.6% (n=31). NMDA-evoked (20 microM), APV-sensitive currents were attenuated by dopamine to 80.9+/-4.5% (n=24). NMDA-induced responses were also attenuated by the D1 receptor agonist SKF 38393 (1 microM; n=28), while the D2/3 receptor agonist quinpirole (10 microM) had no effect. The currents evoked by application of AMPA (5 microM) displayed a steady rundown. Application of dopamine abolished or significantly reduced the rundown in the cells tested (n=17). A similar effect was observed after the application of SKF 38393 (1 microM), while quinpirole (10 microM) had no significant effect. Our results provide direct evidence for modulation by dopamine of glutamatergic responses of striatal medium spiny neurons, and demonstrate that the effects of this neuromodulator are receptor subtype specific. Disruption of this modulatory effect is likely to contribute to movement disorders associated with Parkinson's disease.
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ABSTRACT: Dopamine can modulate and excite spinal locomotor networks, affect afferent transmission and increase motoneuronal excitability. One of the mechanisms whereby dopamine increases motoneuronal excitability is to potentiate AMPA channel-mediated glutamatergic transmission onto motoneurons. However, it is not known which dopaminergic receptor subtypes or the intracellular mechanisms contribute to these effects. In this study, we used whole-cell patch clamp techniques to record chemically evoked AMPA currents in neonatal mouse motoneurons. Bath application of D(1)-like receptor agonist (SKF 39383) increased the AMPA current amplitude and prolonged the decay time constant. In the presence of D(1) receptor antagonist LE300, the effects of DA on AMPA currents were blocked. In contrast, bath-application of the D(2)-like receptor agonist quinpirole did not modulate AMPA currents. In the presence of D(2) receptor antagonist L-741626, dopaminergic modulation of AMPA currents was unaffected. These results suggest that augmentation of AMPA transmission by dopamine is accomplished by D(1) receptor-based mechanisms. This short-term modulation does not appear to involve cycling of AMPA receptor into the membrane, since blocking insertion with botulinum toxin C did not affect the augmentation of AMPA currents after activating D(1) receptors. On the other hand, blocking protein kinase A (PKA) with H-89 completely abolished the effects of D(1) agonists. In addition, we used cell-attached single channel recording to demonstrate that stimulating D(1) receptors increased individual AMPA channel open probability and open duration. Our data demonstrate that dopamine increases the efficacy of glutamatergic transmission onto motoneurons by increasing AMPA conductances via a D(1) PKA-based signaling system.Neuroscience 01/2009; 158(4):1699-707. · 3.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Functional studies at the level of individual neurons have greatly contributed to our current understanding of basal ganglia function and dysfunction. However, identification of the expressed genes responsible for these distinct neuronal phenotypes is less advanced. Qualitative and quantitative single-cell gene-expression profiling, combined with electrophysiological analysis, allows phenotype-genotype correlations to be made for individual neurons. In this review, progress on gene-expression profiling of individual, functionally characterized basal ganglia neurons is discussed, focusing on ion channels and receptors. In addition, methodological issues are discussed and emerging novel techniques are introduced that will enable a genome-wide comparison of function and gene expression for individual neurons.Trends in Neurosciences 09/2004; 27(8):475-81. · 13.58 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Nucleus accumbens (nAcb), a major site of action of drugs of abuse and dopamine (DA) signalling in MSNs (medium spiny neurons), is critically involved in mediating behavioural responses of drug addiction. Most studies have evaluated the effects of DA on MSN firing properties but thus far, the effects of DA on a cellular circuit involving glutamatergic afferents to the nAcb have remained rather elusive. In this study we attempted to characterize the effects of dopamine (DA) on evoked glutamatergic excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) in nAcb medium spiny (MS) neurons in 1 to 21 day-old rat pups. The EPSCs evoked by local nAcb stimuli displayed both AMPA/KA and NMDA receptor-mediated components. The addition of DA to the superfusing medium produced a marked decrease of both components of the EPSCs that did not change during the postnatal period studied. Pharmacologically isolated AMPA/KA receptor-mediated response was inhibited on average by 40% whereas the isolated NMDA receptor-mediated EPSC was decreased by 90%. The effect of DA on evoked EPSCs were mimicked by the D1-like receptor agonist SKF 38393 and antagonized by the D1-like receptor antagonist SCH 23390 whereas D2-like receptor agonist or antagonist respectively failed to mimic or to block the action of DA. DA did not change the membrane input conductance of MS neurons or the characteristics of EPSCs produced by the local administration of glutamate in the presence of tetrodotoxin. In contrast, DA altered the paired-pulse ratio of evoked EPSCs. The present results show that the activation D1-like dopaminergic receptors modulate glutamatergic neurotransmission by preferentially inhibiting NMDA receptor-mediated EPSC through presynaptic mechanisms.PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(5):e86970. · 3.53 Impact Factor