A surviving case of mitochondrial cardiomyopathy diagnosed from the symptoms of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome

International journal of cardiology (Impact Factor: 4.04). 08/2008; 128(1):e43-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2007.05.072
Source: PubMed


A 49-year-old female cardiomyopathic patient with heart, hepatic, and renal failure and lactic acidosis was transferred to the intensive care unit without a unifying diagnosis. She was of short stature (145 cm tall), had difficulty in hearing, a past history of complete atrioventricular block, and had received a permanent pacemaker. She had been diagnosed and treated as dilated cardiomyopathy by her primary doctor. Treatment in the intensive care unit for 21 days including plasma exchange, continuous hemodiafiltration, artificial ventilation, and administration of catecholamine, carperitide, and a large amount of coenzyme Q10 (210 mg/day) improved the symptoms. Genetic analysis using mitochondrial DNA from leukocytes and sternocleidomastoid muscle revealed a 3243A>G mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA(Leu (UUR)) gene, which is related to mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). The patient recovered through intensive care and could be discharged from hospital without any sequelae. This case was mitochondrial cardiomyopathy diagnosed from the symptoms of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Cardiomyopathy due to the mutation of mitochondrial DNA is not a common disease. However, it should be considered as a possible cause of heart failure.

9 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We describe a novel mutation in human mitochondrial NADH dehydrogenase 1 gene (ND1), a G to A transition at nucleotide position 3337, which is co-segregated with two known mutations in tRNALeu(CUN) A12308G and tRNAThr C15946T. These mutations were detected in two unrelated patients with different clinical phenotypes, exhibiting cardiomyopathy as the common symptom. The ND1 G3337A mutation that was detected was found almost homoplasmic in the two patients and it was absent in 150 individuals that were tested as control group. Mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I activity of the patients platelets was also tested and found decreased compared to those of controls. We suggest that the co-existence of mutations in tRNA and ND1 genes may act synergistically affecting the clinical phenotype. Our study highlights the enormous phenotypic diversity that exists among pathogenic mtDNA mutations and re-emphasizes the need for a more careful clinical approach.
    Mitochondrion 06/2008; 8(3-8):229-236. DOI:10.1016/j.mito.2008.04.001 · 3.25 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Central nervous system (CNS) manifestations of mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) are accessible to therapy. Therapy of CNS abnormalities may be categorized as acting on the pathogenic cascade or on the genetic level, which is experimental. Treatment acting on the pathogenic cascade may be classified as non-specific, including antioxidants, electron donors/acceptors, lactate-lowering agents, alternative energy providers, cofactors, avoidance of mitochondrion-toxic drugs, and physiotherapy, or as specific, including drugs against epilepsy, movement disorders, migraine, spasticity, psychiatric abnormalities, hypopituitarism, or bulbar manifestations, ketogenic diet, deep brain stimulation, or artificial ventilation. Stroke-like episodes need to be delineated from ischaemic stroke and require special management. Potentially, mitochondrion-toxic drugs and drug cocktails need to be avoided, seizures should be consequently treated even with mitochondrion-toxic drugs if necessary, and as few drugs as possible should be given. Effective treatment acting on the pathogenic cascade may increase the quality of life and outcome in patients with MID and may prevent a therapeutic nihilism occasionally upcoming with MIDs.
    European Journal of Neurology 01/2011; 18(1):28-38. DOI:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2010.03086.x · 4.06 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Mitochondria are essential for early cardiac development and impaired regulation of mitochondrial function was implicated in congenital heart diseases. We described a newborn girl with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and profound hearing loss. The mtDNA mutational analysis revealed the presence of known polymorphisms associated to cardiomyopathy and/or hearing loss, and 2 novel heteroplasmic mutations: m.3395A>G (Y30C) occurring in a highly conserved aminoacid of the ND1 gene and the m.4316A>G located in the residue A54 of the tRNA(Ile) gene. These 2 novel variations were absent in 150 controls. All these variants may act synergistically and exert a cumulative negative effect on heart function to generate the cardiomyopathy.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 01/2011; 404(1):504-10. DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.12.012 · 2.30 Impact Factor
Show more