Initial Psychometric Properties of the Experiences Questionnaire: Validation of a Self-Report Measure of Decentering

Department of Psychology, 226 Kent Hall Annex, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA.
Behavior Therapy (Impact Factor: 2.43). 10/2007; 38(3):234-46. DOI: 10.1016/j.beth.2006.08.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Decentering is defined as the ability to observe one's thoughts and feelings as temporary, objective events in the mind, as opposed to reflections of the self that are necessarily true. The Experiences Questionnaire (EQ) was designed to measure both decentering and rumination but has not been empirically validated. The current study investigated the factor structure of the EQ in both undergraduate and clinical populations. A single, unifactorial decentering construct emerged using 2 undergraduate samples. The convergent and discriminant validity of this decentering factor was demonstrated in negative relationships with measures of depression symptoms, depressive rumination, experiential avoidance, and emotion regulation. Finally, the factor structure of the EQ was replicated in a clinical sample of individuals in remission from depression, and the decentering factor evidenced a negative relationship to concurrent levels of depression symptoms. Findings from this series of studies offer initial support for the EQ as a measure of decentering.

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Available from: Michael T Moore, Jul 17, 2015
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    • "The Experience Questionnaire developed by Teasdale, Segal and Williams assesses decentering, along with rumination. Studies have demonstrated good psychometric properties and construct validity of the scale and showed that the relevant items load on a single factor of decentering (Fresco et al., 2007). The construct is negatively related to experiential avoidance and positively related to emotion regulation. "
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    • "Only considering the scope of spirituality that can be distinguished from the more purely religious terms, Baer identifies sense of inner peace, love, compassion and interconnection, apical experience; connection with a higher meaning. For 5 of the 6 surveyed areas, Baer reported the more suitable instruments for evaluation in the Italian version assessment: -decentralization: the Experience Questionnaire (EQ) by Teasdale [3] -psychological flexibility: Acceptance and Action Questionnaire II (AAQ-II) by Bond et al. [4] -values: Valued Living Questionnaire II (VLQ-II) by Wilson et al. [5] -emotional regulation: Difficulties on Emotional Regulation Scale (DERS) by Gratz et al. [6] -self-compassion: Self-Compassion Scale–Short Form (SCS–SF) by Neff [7]. The Author warns us that of course putting side by side the mediating factors and analyzing them separately has a purely for the study purpose: in fact, it is highly likely that they are interconnected, some of them are highly overlapping, and they are organized by hierarchical levels of reality (see spirituality), although further research would be needed to better clarify similarities and differences of these processes. "
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    • "This type of mindful response is taught in such meditations as the BSitting with Thoughts and Feelings^ meditation (Kabat-Zinn 1990), which instructs participants to use the process of thinking as an object of attention to anchor one's attention in the present moment. We added a fourth item to our measure to reflect this important mindful response by synthesizing items from two questionnaires that include decentering items; an item from the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (Baer et al. 2006): BWhen I have distressing thoughts or images, I 'step back' and am aware of the thought or image without getting taken over by it^, and the Experiences Questionnaire (Fresco et al. 2007): BI can observe unpleasant feelings without being drawn into them^. Both items were integrated into a single item: BToday, when I was absorbed in thoughts or emotions , I 'stepped back' from them so that I could see them more clearly, without being drawn into them^. "
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