We showed previously that hyperforin (HF), a natural phloroglucinol, stimulated apoptosis in B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells (CLL) and displayed anti-angiogenic properties. In the present work, we investigated the effects of hyperforin on the activity of P-gp/MDR1, an ABC (ATP-binding cassette) transporter putatively involved in multidrug resistance (MDR). Ex vivo treatment of CLL cells with HF markedly impaired the activity of P-gp, as measured by the inhibition of the capacity of the treated cells to efflux the rhodamine 123 probe. In addition, most CLL cells expressed breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), another ABC transporter. The activity of BCRP was also inhibited by HF, as assessed by the impaired capacity of HF-treated CLL cells to efflux the specific probe mitoxantrone. The capacity of HF to reverse P-gp and BCRP activity was confirmed in myeloid leukaemia cell lines, notably in HL-60/DNR cells selected for their resistance to daunorubicine and overexpressing P-gp. Our results therefore suggest that HF might be of interest in the therapy of CLL and other haematological malignancies through its potential capacity to revert MDR in addition to its pro-apoptotic properties.
"P-gp functions by pumping certain drugs out cells, through an active energy-dependent mechanism , . Our laboratory previously showed that HF is capable of inhibiting the functional activity of Pgp in leukemic cells . Therefore, our findings may provide a new experimental basis for AML therapy that have to be confirmed with an in vivo leukemia models in mice. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The natural phloroglucinol hyperforin HF displays anti-inflammatory and anti-tumoral properties of potential pharmacological interest. Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells abnormally proliferate and escape apoptosis. Herein, the effects and mechanisms of purified HF on AML cell dysfunction were investigated in AML cell lines defining distinct AML subfamilies and primary AML cells cultured ex vivo.
HF inhibited in a time- and concentration-dependent manner the growth of AML cell lines (U937, OCI-AML3, NB4, HL-60) by inducing apoptosis as evidenced by accumulation of sub-G1 population, phosphatidylserine externalization and DNA fragmentation. HF also induced apoptosis in primary AML blasts, whereas normal blood cells were not affected. The apoptotic process in U937 cells was accompanied by downregulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2, upregulation of pro-apoptotic Noxa, mitochondrial membrane depolarization, activation of procaspases and cleavage of the caspase substrate PARP-1. The general caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-fmk and the caspase-9- and -3-specific inhibitors, but not caspase-8 inhibitor, significantly attenuated apoptosis. HF-mediated apoptosis was associated with dephosphorylation of active Akt1 (at Ser(473)) and Akt1 substrate Bad (at Ser(136)) which activates Bad pro-apoptotic function. HF supppressed the kinase activity of Akt1, and combined treatment with the allosteric Akt1 inhibitor Akt-I-VIII significantly enhanced apoptosis of U937 cells.
Our data provide new evidence that HF's pro-apoptotic effect in AML cells involved inhibition of Akt1 signaling, mitochondria and Bcl-2 members dysfunctions, and activation of procaspases -9/-3. Combined interruption of mitochondrial and Akt1 pathways by HF may have implications for AML treatment.
PLoS ONE 10/2011; 6(10):e25963. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0025963 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: As immunocompetent cells of the brain, microglia are able to counteract the damaging effects of amyloid-beta in Alzheimer's disease by phagocytosis-mediated clearance of protein aggregates. The survival and health of microglia are therefore critical for attenuating and preventing neurodegenerative diseases. In a microglial cell line pretreated with St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) extract (HPE), the cell death evoked by treatment with amyloid-beta (25-35) and (1-40) was attenuated significantly in a dose-dependent manner. Investigation of the single compounds in the extract revealed that the flavanols (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin increase cell viability slightly, whereas the flavonol quercetin and its glycosides rutin, hyperosid and quercitrin showed no effect on cell viability. In contrast, at the same concentration, the flavonoids reduced the formation of amyloid-induced reactive oxygen species in microglia, indicating that improvement of cell viability by the catechins is not correlated to the antioxidant activity. No influence of HPE on the capacity of microglia to phagocytose sub-toxic concentrations of fibrillar amyloid-beta (1-40) was observed. Other experiments showed that HPE, (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin can alter cellular membrane fluidity and thereby may have a beneficial effect on cell health. Our findings provide in vitro evidence that treatment especially with the complex plant extract HPE may restore or improve microglial viability and thereby attenuate amyloid-beta mediated toxicity in Alzheimer's disease.
Life Sciences 09/2007; 81(11):884-94. DOI:10.1016/j.lfs.2007.07.020 · 2.70 Impact Factor
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