French Society of Digestive Endoscopy SFED guideline: monitoring of patients with Barrett's esophagus.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) is a new technique allowing in vivo detection of neoplastic tissue using a standard endoscope. AIMS: Our aim was to compare the incident dysplasia detection rate of biopsies obtained by high-definition white light endoscopy (HD-WLE) or by pCLE in a cohort of patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) participating in a surveillance program. METHODS: Fifty of 100 patients underwent pCLE in addition to HD-WLE. Four-quadrant biopsy specimens according to the Seattle biopsy protocol were obtained in all patients to ensure standard-of-care. Diagnosis of dysplasia/neoplasia was made by a blinded gastrointestinal pathologist. RESULTS: Incident high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and low-grade dysplasia (LGD) were diagnosed in 3/100 and in 16/100 cases. In the HD-WLE group, areas suspicious for neoplasia were not observed and dysplasia was diagnosed in 5/50 (10 %) patients (one with HGD). In the pCLE group, areas suspicious for neoplasia were observed by pCLE in 21/50 (42 %) patients; dysplasia was confirmed in 14 cases (28 %) (two with HGD). The dysplasia detection rate was significantly higher in the pCLE group than in the HD-WLE group (P = 0.04). The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of pCLE for dysplasia were 100, 83, 67, and 100 %, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Incident dysplasia can be more frequently detected by pCLE than by HD-WLE in BE. The higher dysplasia detection rate provided by pCLE could improve the efficacy of BE surveillance programs.Digestive Diseases and Sciences 08/2012; · 2.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: New endoscopic imaging techniques, such as autofluorescence imaging (AFI) and narrow-band imaging (NBI), have been developed to improve the detection of neoplastic lesions in Barrett's esophagus (BE). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical utility of AFI and magnification NBI to detect high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and early esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) and the interobserver agreement. DESIGN: Prospective tandem study of eligible patients. SETTING: Single, academic tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Forty-two patients with a history of confirmed BE were prospectively enrolled. INTERVENTIONS: The BE segment was examined under high-definition white-light endoscopy, and the presence of visible lesions was recorded. Subsequently, AFI and magnification NBI were performed in tandem on areas of the BE segment away from visible lesions; images obtained by these 2 systems were graded according to the color of reflected light and surface patterns, respectively. Biopsy specimens were obtained at the end of the procedure. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value (NPV) of the AFI and NBI patterns for the detection of HGD/EAC and interobserver agreement. RESULTS: Of the 42 patients enrolled, 14 (33%) had HGD/EAC. On patient-based analysis, AFI alone had a sensitivity, specificity, and NPV of 50%, 61%, and 71%, respectively, and the overall accuracy for the detection of HGD/EAC patients was 57%. By using magnification NBI in tandem fashion, the sensitivity and NPV improved to 71% and 76%, respectively, with a decrease in specificity to 46% and in overall accuracy to 55%. The 2 techniques had moderate interobserver agreement for both the patterns and prediction of histology. LIMITATIONS: Uncontrolled study performed at an academic center by expert endoscopists in a high-risk population. CONCLUSIONS: By using a multimodality endoscope, both AFI and magnification NBI had limited clinical accuracy and moderate overall interobserver agreement. AFI does not appear to be useful as a broad-based technique for the detection of neoplasia in patients with BE.Gastrointestinal endoscopy 02/2013; · 6.71 Impact Factor
- Gastroenterology 07/2013; · 12.82 Impact Factor
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