Anthropometry and body composition in soccer and volleyball players in West Bengal, India

School of Health Sciences (PPSK), Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia. /
Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY (Impact Factor: 1.27). 06/2007; 26(4):501-5. DOI: 10.2114/jpa2.26.501
Source: PubMed


50 sedentary males and 128 sports persons (volleyball=82, soccer=46) of 20-24 years were selected from West Bengal, India, to evaluate and compare their anthropometry and body composition. Skinfolds, girth measurements, body fat percentage (%fat), and endomorphy were significantly higher among sedentary individuals, but lean body mass (LBM) and mesomorphy were significantly (p<0.001) higher among the sports persons. Soccer and volleyball players were found to be ectomorphic mesomorph, whereas sedentary subjects were endomorphic mesomorph. The soccer and volleyball players had higher %fat with lower body height and body mass than their overseas counterparts. %fat exhibited a significant correlation with body mass index (BMI) and thus prediction equations for %fat from BMI were computed in each group. The present data will serve as a reference standard for the anthropometry and body composition of Indian soccer and volleyball players and the prediction norms for %fat will help to provide a first-hand impression of body composition in the studied population.

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Available from: Amit Bandyopadhyay, Feb 04, 2015
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    • "Journal of Human Kinetics ‐ volume 42/2014 Bandyopadhyay (2007) indicated that while the general population presents a fat content of 16.7%, male athletes have a mean value of 10%. In elite soccer players, differences were identified among goalkeepers, full back, midfield and forward players in terms of mean fat content and body mass values (p <0.001) (Carling and Orhant, 2010). "
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify the morphological configuration of youth athletes from professional soccer clubs and to verify their differences according to the tactical position on the field. Overall, 67 male players aged 15 to 17 years were evaluated. The examined anthropometric measurements included body mass, body height, skinfolds (triceps, subscapular, supraspinal and medial calf), girths (flexed and tensed arm and calf) and breadths (humerus and femur). For statistical purposes, analysis of variance and post hoc Bonferroni and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used. We concluded that goalkeepers were heavier and taller than center backs (p = 0.015 and p = 0.001), midfielders (p = 0.005 and p <0.001) and center forward players (p = 0.024 and p <0.001). The average somatotype for defense, forward and goalkeeper positions was a balanced mesomorph. Midfield players showed ectomorphic-mesomorph characteristics. It was concluded that goalkeepers were characterized as being taller and heavier and that somatotype features of athletes were similar between positions, except for midfield players.
    Journal of Human Kinetics 09/2014; 42(1):259-266. DOI:10.2478/hukin-2014-0079 · 1.03 Impact Factor
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    • "Otro estudio realizado en futbolistas profesionales, en el que se midió al inicio y al final de una temporada, presentaron una reducción de los pliegues y % graso, por el contrario el pliegue suprailiaco no varió (Alburquerque y cols., 2005). En nuestro estudio se han obtenido diferencias significativas en el IMC, obteniendo unos valores de 22,16 kg/m² en el grupo entrenados, valores que se corresponden con los encontrados en otros estudios en jóvenes futbolistas, entre 22 y 26 kg/m² (Gil y cols., 2007; Valtueña y cols., 2006), lo que nos podría indicar que el grupo no entrenado, con un IMC de 23,48 kg/m2, se asemeja más a deportistas que a un grupo sedentario, al igual que ocurre con el % graso, sin embargo en un estudio mencionado anteriormente (Bandyopadhyay, 2007), el grupo sedentario presentaba valores del % graso similares a los obtenidos en nuestro estudio, por lo que consideramos que esto puede deberse a las características de la muestra. Sería de gran importancia el seguimiento de estos parámetros antropométricos a lo largo de la temporada para ver la evolución de los mismos, ya que los jugadores de fútbol pueden acumular grasa corporal en la temporada baja y perder más peso durante la pre-temporada (Reilly y cols., 1996; Burke y cols., 1986), aunque es al final de la temporada donde obtienen los valores más bajos de grasa (Ostojic, 2003). "
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    ABSTRACT: RESUMEN Las características antropométricas son parte de un complejo de cualidades que se relacionan con el ren-dimiento óptimo, debido a la importancia que ha adquirido en los últimos años, se hace necesaria la valo-ración y control de estos parámetros en jóvenes deportistas. Los objetivos de nuestro estudio son obser-var los efectos del entrenamiento de fútbol sobre parámetros antropométricos, y su relación con el grado de entrenamiento en jóvenes. 2 grupos participaron en el estudios, un grupo de entrenados (E), formado por futbolistas juveniles, y un grupo de no entrenados (NE), se realizaron mediciones de talla, peso, edad, IMC, pliegues cutáneos, perímetros y porcentajes musculares. Los resultados obtenidos indicaron que los jóvenes futbolistas tienen menores valores en los pliegues cutáneos, perímetro del brazo, IMC y % graso, que los sujetos no entrenados, por el contrario, aumentan el % muscular y el perímetro de la pierna, como consecuencia del entrenamiento en fútbol, podemos decir que, la realización sistemática de ejercicio físi-co provoca cambios en el perfil antropométrico, disminuyendo el % graso y aumentando el % muscular. ABSTRACT The anthropometric characteristics are part of a complex of attributes that relate to the performance, because of the importance it has acquired in recent years, it is necessary to assess and control these parameters in young athletes. The objectives of our study were to observe the effects of soccer training on anthropometric parameters, and its relation to the degree of training young people. Two groups participated in the study, a group of trained (E), consisting of young players and an untrained group (NE), were measured for height, weight, age, IMC, skinfold thickness, circumferences and muscle percentages. The results showed that young players have lower skinfold values, arm circumference, IMC and % fat, which untrained subjects, on the contrary, increase the% muscle and leg circumference as a result of football training , we can say that the systematic physical exercise causes changes in the anthropometric profile, decreasing the % fat and increasing muscle.
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    • "Similar to the previous findings, less percentage of body fat indicates more lean body mass, greater energy output and higher cardiorespiratory fitness [9]. The researcher discovered that the finding does referred the playing position which demand the players to cover different distances and movements required during training and games. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: The purpose of this study is to analyze the body composition measurements between different playing positions among Malaysian male futsal players. Subject: 14 national male futsal players which have this following charecteristics (mean± SD), age 22.69 years (±1.80), height 170.58 cm (±2.67) and weight 71.83 kg (±19.07) were willing to participate in this study. Methods: The variables which include Body Mass Index, body density and the percentage body fat were collected to determine the body compositions and establish the athletes' profiles. The data were analyzed by using the Statistical Package for Social Science version 16 (SPSS, ver.16). Results: The results show a significance different (p
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