Anthropometry and body composition in soccer and volleyball players in West Bengal, India.

School of Health Sciences (PPSK), Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia. /
Journal of PHYSIOLOGICAL ANTHROPOLOGY (Impact Factor: 1.16). 06/2007; 26(4):501-5. DOI: 10.2114/jpa2.26.501
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT 50 sedentary males and 128 sports persons (volleyball=82, soccer=46) of 20-24 years were selected from West Bengal, India, to evaluate and compare their anthropometry and body composition. Skinfolds, girth measurements, body fat percentage (%fat), and endomorphy were significantly higher among sedentary individuals, but lean body mass (LBM) and mesomorphy were significantly (p<0.001) higher among the sports persons. Soccer and volleyball players were found to be ectomorphic mesomorph, whereas sedentary subjects were endomorphic mesomorph. The soccer and volleyball players had higher %fat with lower body height and body mass than their overseas counterparts. %fat exhibited a significant correlation with body mass index (BMI) and thus prediction equations for %fat from BMI were computed in each group. The present data will serve as a reference standard for the anthropometry and body composition of Indian soccer and volleyball players and the prediction norms for %fat will help to provide a first-hand impression of body composition in the studied population.

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In sport and in top performance sport in particular, the continuous monitoring of body compo-sition (BC) may regulate the training process, aff ecting positively athletesʼ top form. BC is, therefore, considered to be one of the components of the physical fi tness of athletes. Research studies dealing with BC in women volleyball players are often focused on a lower performance level when compared with the submitted study. The problem in the fi eld of results comparison is with the variety in the methodology used in BC assessment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study is to describe the body composition (BC) profi le of top performance women volleyball players and verify whether there are diff erences in the chosen parameters between them. The exam-ined group consists of women volleyball players of two teams which were participants in the European Champions League (T1, n = 12; T2, n = 9). METHODS: By means of multifrequency bioimpedance analysis, we observed Lean Body Mass (LBM), Fat Mass (FM), Body Cell Mass (BCM), relative BCM (BCMrel), ExtraCellular Mass (ECM) and their mutual ratio (of ECM/ BCM), Cell Quote (CQ), phase angle (α), Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), Total Body Water (TBW) while making a distinction between ExtraCellular (ECW) and IntraCellular (ICW) Water. One-way ANOVA and Cohen's d were used for the comparison of diff erences between the monitored teams. RESULTS: Diff erences in the examined parameters of body composition between the screened samples were not statistically signifi cant (p > 0.05). Eff ect size revealed moderate diff erences for other parameters (α, ECM, BCM, ECM/ BCM, BMR, FM and CQ). Fat mass percentage in our women players was lower in comparison to values recorded in women players in most other studies. The relatively high values of TBW, LBM and ECM/BCM in women volleyball players of both teams indicate their good performance capacity. CONCLUSIONS: The body composition profi le revealed the appropriate predispositions of the observed players for their performance in volleyball. The measured parameters of BC corresponding to top performance sport are better than in high performance sport or in the general population. Our values of BC in elite women volleyball players can serve as standards for other athletes attempting to achieve international level.
  • Journal of Human Kinetics. 01/2010; 26(-1).
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to identify the morphological configuration of youth athletes from professional soccer clubs and to verify their differences according to the tactical position on the field. Overall, 67 male players aged 15 to 17 years were evaluated. The examined anthropometric measurements included body mass, body height, skinfolds (triceps, subscapular, supraspinal and medial calf), girths (flexed and tensed arm and calf) and breadths (humerus and femur). For statistical purposes, analysis of variance and post hoc Bonferroni and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used. We concluded that goalkeepers were heavier and taller than center backs (p = 0.015 and p = 0.001), midfielders (p = 0.005 and p <0.001) and center forward players (p = 0.024 and p <0.001). The average somatotype for defense, forward and goalkeeper positions was a balanced mesomorph. Midfield players showed ectomorphic-mesomorph characteristics. It was concluded that goalkeepers were characterized as being taller and heavier and that somatotype features of athletes were similar between positions, except for midfield players.
    Journal of Human Kinetics 09/2014; 42:259-266. · 0.70 Impact Factor


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