Effects of Pioglitazone in Combination with Metformin or a Sulfonylurea Compared to a Fixed-Dose Combination of Metformin and Glibenclamide in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
This study was designed to compare the effectiveness of co-administration of pioglitazone with metformin or a sulfonylurea (SU), with a fixed-dose combination of metformin and glibenclamide on glycemic control and beta-cell function in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Patients (n = 250) treated with metformin (<or=3 g/day) or an SU as monotherapy for >3 months and with glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)) between 7.5% and 11% inclusive were randomized to receive either pioglitazone (15-30 mg/day) as add-on therapy to metformin or an SU or a fixed-dose combination of metformin (400 mg) and glibenclamide (2.5 mg) (up to three tablets per day) for 6 months. HbA(1c) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) were measured at baseline and 2, 4, and 6 months. C-peptide levels were measured at baseline and 6 months, and post-challenge glucose and insulin responses were measured.
After 6 months, pioglitazone-based and fixed-dose metformin + glibenclamide resulted in similar reductions in HbA(1c) (-1.11% vs. -1.29%, respectively; P = 0.192) and FPG (-2.13 vs. -1.81 mmol/L, respectively; P = 0.370). Patients treated with pioglitazone for 6 months had significantly reduced C-peptide levels compared with baseline (-0.09 nmol/L, P = 0.001), while patients receiving fixed-dose metformin + glibenclamide combination had slightly increased C-peptide levels (+0.04 nmol/L, P = 0.08). Pioglitazone treatment also improved post-challenge insulin responses.
Co-administration of pioglitazone with metformin or an SU is an effective alternative to fixed-dose metformin + glibenclamide combination for patients with type 2 diabetes. The complementary effects of pioglitazone with either metformin or an SU may also have the potential to preserve beta-cell function and delay the progression of type 2 diabetes.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.