Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is a potent proinflammatory cytokine. Through its effects on lipid metabolism and endothelial function, TNFalpha is involved in cardiovascular disease (CVD). We have studied two polymorphisms in the promoter region of the TNFalpha gene (TNF -308G/A and TNF -238G/A) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with and without CVD. The aim was to assess the association of these polymorphisms with ESRD and cardiovascular comorbidity in hemodialyzed patients.
A total of 603 patients with ESRD treated with hemodialysis (382 patients with CVD) and 325 healthy control subjects were genotyped for the TNF -308G/A and TNF -238G/A ploymorphisms by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) procedure.
The A allele of the TNF -308 polymorphism was more frequent in the ESRD group than in control individuals. The odds ratio (OR) for the risk allele was 2.05 (95% CI 1.48, 2.84). In the subgroup of ESRD patients with CVD, the OR was 5.76 (95% CI 3.67, 9.03) relative to ESRD patients without CVD. There was no association observed between the TNF -238 polymorphism and renal failure or CVD in ESRD patients.
Our results demonstrate for the first time that the A allele of the TNF -308 polymorphism is associated with CVD in hemodialyzed ESRD patients. If confirmed in prospective studies, it may be a predictor of increased susceptibility to CVD in these patients.
"The C → T polymorphism of PTGS1 , the G → A (Ala147Thr) polymorphism of CPB2 , and the A → G (Ile132Val) polymorphism of OR13G1  were previously found to be associated with myocardial infarction or coronary heart disease. Although the 1166A → C polymorphism of AGTR1   and the − 308G → A polymorphism of TNF   were shown to be associated with CKD, the G → A (Ala163Thr) polymorphism of AGTR1 and the −863C → A polymorphism of TNF have not previously been associated with this condition in a prospective cohort or case-control study. The A allele of the −863C → A polymorphism of TNF was shown to be protective against the development of coronary artery disease in Japanese men without type 2 diabetes . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present study was to identify genetic variants that confer susceptibility to chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Japanese individuals with metabolic syndrome. The study population comprised 2150 Japanese individuals with metabolic syndrome, including 411 subjects with CKD [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <50 mL/min/1.73m(2)] and 1739 controls (eGFR >/=60 mL/min/1.73m(2)). The genotypes for 100 polymorphisms of 80 candidate genes were determined. The chi-square test, multivariable logistic regression analysis with adjustment for covariates, as well as a stepwise forward selection procedure revealed that nine polymorphisms of APOE, ABCA1, PTGS1, TNF, CPB2, AGTR1, OR13G1, and GNB3 were associated (P<0.05) with the prevalence of CKD. Among these polymorphisms, the -219G-->T polymorphism of APOE (rs405509) was most significantly associated with CKD in Japanese individuals with metabolic syndrome.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Polymorphism in the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) gene (A-2518G) has been associated with functional effects. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of this polymorphism on end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in hemodialyzed patients.
A total of 720 patients with ESRD treated with hemodialysis (450 patients with CVD) and 325 healthy control subjects were genotyped for the MCP-1 -2518 polymorphism by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) procedure.
There was a significant difference in genotype frequencies between entire group of hemodialyzed patients and controls (p<0.01). The odds ratio for the risk allele was 1.85, 95% CI 1.49-2.32 (p<0.01). Hemodialyzed patients were divided into subgroups with CVD (n=450) and without CVD (n=270). The G allele carriers occurred with significantly higher frequency in patients with CVD (62% vs. 38% in patients without CVD and 36% in controls). The odds ratio for the risk allele for patients with CVD vs. those without CVD was 2.17, 95% CI 1.71-2.79. There was no statistically significant difference in the distribution of MCP-1 genotypes between ESRD patients without CVD and healthy controls.
Our results demonstrate for the first time an association between the polymorphism in the regulatory region of the MCP-1 gene and susceptibility to CVD in hemodialyzed patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although hypertension has been recognized as a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD), the genetic factors for predisposition to CKD in individuals with hypertension remain largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to identify the genetic variants that confer susceptibility to CKD among individuals with hypertension. The study population comprised 3696 Japanese individuals with hypertension (2265 men, 1431 women), including 1257 individuals (789 men, 468 women) with CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 ml min(-1) per 1.73 m(2)) and 2439 controls (1476 men, 963 women; eGFR >or=60 ml min(-1) per 1.73 m(2)). The genotypes for 30 polymorphisms of 26 candidate genes were determined. An initial screening of allele frequencies by the chi(2)-test revealed that eight polymorphisms were significantly (false discovery rate <0.05) associated with the prevalence of CKD in hypertensive individuals. Subsequent multivariable logistic regression analysis with adjustment for covariates as well as a stepwise forward selection procedure revealed that the T --> C (Val591Ala) polymorphism of APOB (rs679899), the -681C --> G polymorphism of PPARG (rs10865710), the T --> C (Cys1367Arg) polymorphism of WRN (rs1346044), the -850C --> T polymorphism of TNF (rs1799724), the -219G --> T polymorphism of APOE (rs405509), the C --> T polymorphism of PTGS1 (rs883484) and the 41A --> G (Glu14Gly) polymorphism of ACAT2 (rs9658625) were significantly (P<0.05) associated with the prevalence of CKD. Our results suggest that APOB, WRN, ACAT2, APOE, PPARG, TNF and PTGS1 are susceptibility loci for CKD among Japanese individuals with hypertension. Determination of the genotypes for these polymorphisms may prove informative for the assessment of genetic risk for CKD among such individuals.
Hypertension Research 03/2009; 32(5):411-8. DOI:10.1038/hr.2009.22 · 2.66 Impact Factor
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