Protection of halogenated DNA from strand breakage and sister-chromatid exchange induced by the topoisomerase I inhibitor camptothecin.

Department of Cell Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Seville, Seville, Spain.
Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis (Impact Factor: 3.9). 02/2008; 637(1-2):40-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2007.06.012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The fundamental nuclear enzyme DNA topoisomerase I (topo I), cleaves the double-stranded DNA molecule at preferred sequences within its recognition/binding sites. We have recently reported that when cells incorporate halogenated nucleosides analogues of thymidine into DNA, it interferes with normal chromosome segregation, as shown by an extraordinarily high yield of endoreduplication, and results in a protection against DNA breakage induced by the topo II poison m-AMSA [F. Cortés, N. Pastor, S. Mateos, I. Domínguez, The nature of DNA plays a role in chromosome segregation: endoreduplication in halogen-substituted chromosomes, DNA Repair 2 (2003) 719-726; G. Cantero, S. Mateos, N. Pastor; F. Cortés, Halogen substitution of DNA protects from poisoning of topoisomerase II that results in DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), DNA Repair 5 (2006) 667-674]. In the present investigation, we have assessed whether the presence of halogenated nucleosides in DNA diminishes the frequency of interaction of topo I with DNA and thus the frequency with which the stabilisation of cleavage complexes by the topo I poison camptothecin (CPT) takes place, in such a way that it protects from chromosome breakage and sister-chromatid exchange. This protective effect is shown to parallel a loss in halogen-substituted cells of the otherwise CPT-increased catalytic activity bound to DNA.

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    Nucleic Acids Research 04/2013; · 8.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We used the conventional bone marrow micronucleus test complemented with the fluorescent in situ hybridization with the minor satellite DNA probe to investigate the mechanisms of induction of micronuclei in mice treated with camptothecin and its clinical antineoplastic analogues topotecan and irinotecan. All experiments were performed with male Swiss albino mice. Single doses of 1 mg/kg camptothecin or 0.6 mg/kg topotecan were injected intraperitoneally and bone marrow was sampled at 30 hr (camptothecin) or 24 hr (topotecan) after treatment. A dose of 60 mg/kg irinotecan was injected intravenously, once every fourth day for 13 days and bone marrow was sampled 24 hr after the last treatment. In animals treated with camptothecin, a total of 1.07% micronuclei were found and 70% of them were centromere-negative, indicating their formation by DNA strand breaks and reflecting the predominant clastogenic activity of camptothecin. Exposure to topotecan and irinotecan yielded 1.71 and 0.83% micronuclei, respectively. About 52.7 and 48.8% of the induced micronuclei, respectively, were centromere-positive, indicating their formation by whole chromosomes and reflecting the aneugenic activity of both compounds. Correspondingly, about 47.3 and 51.2% of the induced micronuclei, respectively were centromere-negative, demonstrating that topotecan and irinotecan not only induce chromosome loss but also DNA strand breaks. Both the clastogenic and aneugenic potential of these drugs can lead to the development of secondary tumors and abnormal reproductive outcomes. Therefore, the clinical use of these agents must be weighed against the risks of secondary malignancies in cured patients and persistent genetic damage of their potential offspring.
    Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 02/2009; 50(2):145-51. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: esponja marina del Caribe colombiano Topsentia ophiraphidites (Fracción T4). Materiales y métodos. La fracción T4 de la esponja marina Topsentia ophiraphidites fue obtenida en el laboratorio de Productos Naturales Marinos de la Universidad de Antioquia. La actividad antiproliferativa se evaluó mediante ensayos de eficiencia de clonación, función de acumulación y cinética proliferativa por intercambio de cromátidas hermanas (ICH); la actividad genotóxica se evaluó mediante electroforesis en gel de células individuales (Ensayo cometa) e intercambio de cromátidas hermanas (ICH). Todas las pruebas fueron realizadas sobre las líneas celulares Jurkat y CHO. Resultados. La fracción T4 afectó el ciclo celular de las células CHO y mostró daño genotóxica crónico en las células Jurkat. Conclusiones. Se recomienda la evaluación de la fracción T4 en otras líneas celulares derivadas de tumor con el fin de determinar un posible efecto diferencial, además de evaluar otras actividades de tipo antimicrobiano, antimalárico, entre otros. ABSTRACT Objective. To evaluate the antiproliferative and genotoxic activity of a fraction (T4 fraction) of the Colombian Caribbean marine sponge Topsentia ophiraphidites, with cytotoxic activity. Materials and methods. T4 fraction from the marine sponge Topsentia ophiraphidites was provided by the group of marine natural products from Universidad de Antioquia. The antiproliferative activity was evaluated by cloning efficiency tests, accumulation function, and proliferative kinetics by sister chromatid exchange (SCE), genotoxic activity was evaluated by SCE and gel electrophoresis of individual cells (Comet assay). All tests were performed on Jurkat and CHO cell lines. Results. The T4 fraction affected the cell cycle of CHO cells and presented chronic genotoxic damage in Jurkat cells. Conclusions. It is recommended to evaluate the T4 fraction in other derived tumor cell lines, in order to observe a possible differential effect, and to evaluate antimicrobial and antimalarial activities among others.
    Revista MVZ Córdoba 10/2013; 18.((Supl)):3633-3641. · 0.18 Impact Factor


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