Article

Effect of an oral contraceptive containing 30 microg ethinylestradiol plus 3 mg drospirenone on body composition of young women affected by premenstrual syndrome with symptoms of water retention.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56100 Pisa, Italy.
Contraception (Impact Factor: 3.09). 10/2007; 76(3):190-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2007.05.080
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to evaluate body weight and composition during oral contraception with 30 microg ethinylestradiol plus 3 mg drospirenone (30EE+DRSP) in women affected by premenstrual syndrome (PMS) with somatic symptoms related to water retention.
This prospective study was performed using multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis in 18 normally cycling PMS patients (mean age, 28.8 years) evaluated at baseline, during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle and after 3 and 6 cycles of 30EE+DRSP. Total body water (TBW), intracellular water (ICW), extracellular water (ECW), fat mass and fat-free mass were evaluated. Body weight, waist-to-hip ratio and blood pressure were also determined at each visit. Basal values were compared with those measured in 31 healthy females without PMS (controls).
PMS patients have higher levels of TBW and ICW than controls. After 6 months of 30EE+DRSP, TBW and ECW were significantly lower than before treatment. No significant variations in ICW or in the other parameters were observed.
In women with PMS, 30EE+DRSP reduces the concentrations in TBW and ECW. This effect is likely due to the antimineralocorticoid activity of DRSP. Whether these changes may account for the improvement of premenstrual fluid-related symptoms reported with this formulation is discussed.

1 Bookmark
 · 
58 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a primary cardiovascular risk factor. Oral contraceptives (OCs) may increase blood pressure and cardiovascular events. We evaluated whether an OC containing ethynylestradiol (EE) in association with the spironolactone-derived progestin drospirenone (DRSP) influences 24-h ambulatory blood pressure of normotensive women. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-four-hour blood pressure was measured every 30 min by an ambulatory blood pressure device in 18 normotensive healthy women prior to and after 6 months of use of an OC containing 30 mcg EE and 3 mg DRSP. RESULTS: OC induced no modification in 24-h, nighttime and daytime blood pressure. Heart rate increased about 4 beats/min in the 24-h (p<.05) and daytime (p<.02) measurements. CONCLUSIONS: In normotensive women, an OC containing 30 mcg EE plus 3 mg DRSP does not modify blood pressure, and significantly increases 24-h and daytime heart rate. These data suggest a neutral effect on hypertension-associated cardiovascular risk and point out an unreported effect on heart rate of which cause and effect require further evaluation.
    Contraception 12/2012; · 3.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance may be induced by both the estrogen and progestin component in hormonal contraception. When estrogen dose is reduced from 50 to 20 mcg, the extent of hyperinsulinemia decreases. Recently, the oral combination contraceptive (COC) containing estradiol valerate (E2V) in combination with dienogest (DNG) was developed in a new estrogen step-down, progesterone step-up dosing strategy (Qlaira, Bayer Healthcare Pharmaceuticals). This study was conducted to evaluate of the effect of a 3-month treatment with E2V/DNG on carbohydrate metabolism in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and insulin resistance. STUDY DESIGN: Study consisted of subjects attending the gynecological clinic of Siena or Pisa, with PCOS and insulin resistance, and without contraindications for the use of COCs. PCOS females (n=20) aged 18 to 33 years were treated with a contraceptive formulation containing E2V/DNG for 3 months. Before treatment and during the third month of therapy, body mass index (BMI) measurement and an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were performed. RESULTS: Median values of insulin after treatment were lower than median values before treatment. In particular, the median value of insulin at T0 was reduced by 54.6% (p<.001), and the mean difference between time 0 and 30 min was significantly reduced [42.96 (9.99) mU/mL vs 38.00 (15.10) mU/mL; p<.05]. Homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance levels were significantly decreased following treatment. OGTT after treatment revealed median fasting glucose levels to be stable (p=.895) at T0. At T30, T60, T120 and T180 min, glucose median values were moderately reduced in comparison to median values before treatment. No significant difference was observed between median BMI values before [26 (4.8) kg/m(2)] and after treatment [26 (3.7) kg/m(2)]. CONCLUSIONS: Median insulin levels at T0 and the mean difference between time 0 and 30 of insulin following OGTT were significantly reduced than values before treatment with E2V/DNG for 3 months. Median BMI and glucose levels were not significantly modified. Natural estradiol and nonandrogenic progestogen in the Qlaira formulation could be recommended as an oral contraceptive in women with PCOS who are insulin resistant or who are overweight.
    Contraception 06/2013; · 3.09 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Beyaz(®) (Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Berlin, Germany) consists of 28 film-coated tablets: 24 tablets each containing 3 mg drospirenone plus 20 µg ethinylestradiol (EE) and 451 µg levomefolate calcium followed by four tablets, each containing 451 µg levomefolate calcium. It has the same indications of the parent compound 20 µg EE/3 mg drospirenone in a 24/4-day regimen (i.e., contraception, moderate acne, premenstrual dysforic disorder). In addition, the 24-day regimen with 20 µg EE/3 mg drospirenone/levomefolate calcium assure significant increases in red blood cell and plasma folate levels reaching values indicated to be protective in reducing the risk of neural tube defects. A progressive decrease in folate levels has been observed in women taking a 30 µg EE pill fortified with the same dose of levomefolate calcium upon discontinuation. At 4 and 8 weeks following cessation of the oral contraceptive, red blood cell folate levels >906 nmol/l were measured in 85 and 60% of women respectively. Because of this, the folate-containing pill may aid in reducing the risk of neural tube defects in a pregnancy conceived during use or shortly after the discontinuation of the product.
    Women s Health 01/2012; 8(1):13-9.