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    ABSTRACT: Aggressive angiomyxoma is a rare, locally invasive, but nonmetastasizing soft-tissue tumor that most commonly occurs in the pelvis or perineum of premenopausal women. In this article, we report two cases of aggressive angiomyxoma that occurred in middle-aged men. Although both patients initially presented with inguinal hernias, in other respects the two cases were significantly different. In one case, the tumor was small and found only incidentally at the time of surgery. In the other case, the tumor was extremely large, primarily involved the scrotal soft tissue, and was clinically thought to represent a testicular tumor.
    Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 10/1993; 117(9):911-3. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aggressive angiomyxoma (AA), first described by Steeper and Rosai (Am J SurgPathol. 1983;7:463-475), is a rare locally infiltrative tumor that usually arises in the pelvic and perineal soft tissues of young women. Approximately 150 cases have been reported in women. Aggressive angiomyxoma has a high rate of local recurrence because of its infiltrative growth and anatomical location making complete excision with wide margins difficult. To our knowledge, 39 cases of AA occurring in men have been reported in the literature. Sites frequently involved include the scrotum, spermatic cord, inguinal region, and perineum. The gross and microscopic appearances and clinical course are similar to those described in female cases. Immunohistochemistry evaluating estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PR, respectively), although frequently positive in the female cases, has rarely been studied in the male cases. We report the clinicopathologic features of 4 additional cases of AA in men with particular emphasis on hormone (ER/PR) receptor status. Hormone reactivity is significant in that AA may arise from specialized hormonally responsive stromal cells of the perineum and may potentially play a therapeutic role in unresectable tumors. From our small series, hormone positivity (1 case of ER+, 3 cases of PR+) does occur in the male cases of AA, and a large number of cases should be examined to determine the frequency at which these tumors express hormone receptors.
    Annals of Diagnostic Pathology 09/2006; 10(4):197-204. DOI:10.1016/j.anndiagpath.2005.09.002 · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nine case of a distinctive soft tissue tumor of the female pelvis and perineum are described. They were characterized by their occurrence in young women (ages 21-38), large size (up to 60 X 20 cm), locally infiltrative nature, and grossly gelatinous appearance. The initial clinical impression was usually that of a Bartholin gland cyst. The microscopic appearance was that of spindle or stellate cells widely separated by a loose myxoid stroma focally rich in collagen fibrils, a prominent vascular component, including many large thick-walled vessels without an arborizing pattern, and foci of proliferating glandular elements in two cases. Mitotic activity was exceedingly low. Ultrastructural study of the spindle cells showed features consistent with myofibroblastic differentiation. Four patients developed large local recurrences; one tumor recurred twice, 14 and 15 years after initial excision. No distant metastases have been documented to date, and all patients are alive and well. The differential diagnosis of this unusual tumor includes myxoma, myxoid liposarcoma, sarcoma botryoides, myxoid variant of malignant fibrous histiocytoma, nerve sheath myxoma, and other soft tissue tumors with secondary myxoid changes. We have chosen the term "aggressive angiomyxoma" for this neoplasm to emphasize the neoplastic nature of the blood vessels and its locally infiltrative and recurrent nature.
    American Journal of Surgical Pathology 08/1983; 7(5):463-75. · 4.59 Impact Factor

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