Diversity and relationship between Iranian ethnic groups: human dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) VNTR genotyping.
ABSTRACT The 40-bp VNTR polymorphism in the 3' untranslated region of the human DAT1 (dopamine transporter 1) was analyzed in the Iranian ethnic groups in order to examine the influence of geographical and linguistic affiliation on the genetic affinities among the Iranian population. A total of 449 subjects belonging to nine ethnic groups from the Iranian population were included in the study. The screening of 898 chromosomes showed five alleles (6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11), of which allele 10 revealed the highest frequency in most regions. Allele 8 was predominant in one ethnicity and occurred more frequently in the center of Iran. This study shows that the DAT1 distribution in Iran has a different pattern from those in other studies, which can contribute to an understanding of differentiation and diversity of Iranian ethnic groups. This polymorphism could represent the genetic diversity among the various ethnic groups of Iran.
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ABSTRACT: The dopamine transporter (DAT1) is a membrane spanning protein that binds the neurotransmitter dopamine and performs re-uptake of dopamine from the synapse into a neuron. The gene encoding DAT1 consists of 15 exons spanning 60 kb on chromosome 5p15.32. Several studies have investigated the possible associations between variants in DAT1 gene and psychiatric disorders. The present study aimed to determine the distribution of the variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism in the 3' untranslated region of DAT1 in 12 Indian populations. A total of 471 healthy unrelated individuals in 12 Indian populations from 3 linguistic groups were included in the present study. The analysis was carried out using PCR and electrophoresis. Overall, 4 alleles of the DAT1 40-bp VNTR, ranging from 7 to 11 repeats were detected. Heterozygosity indices were low and varied from 0.114 to 0.406. The results demonstrate the variability of the DAT1 40-bp VNTR polymorphism in Indian populations and revealed a high similarity with East Asian populations.Neurological Sciences 09/2009; 30(6):487-93. · 1.50 Impact Factor