Effect of temperature and surfactant type on the stability and aggregation behavior of styrene-acrylate copolymer colloids.
ABSTRACT The colloidal stability, aggregation kinetics, and cluster structure of two styrene-acrylate copolymer latexes, stabilized with an aliphatic sulfonate and an aliphatic carboxylate surfactant, respectively, have been investigated experimentally in the temperature range between 283 and 323 K. The main objective of this study is to investigate the role of temperature and surfactant type on the aggregation kinetics and cluster structure. For this, the values of the Fuchs stability ratio and the time evolutions of the average radius of gyration, hydrodynamic radius, and structure factor of the clusters have been determined using static and dynamic light scattering techniques at different temperatures. It is found that although the two latexes exhibit a somewhat different dependence of the colloidal stability on temperature, all of the values of the average radius of gyration (or hydrodynamic radius) measured at different temperatures and surfactant types, which are plotted as a function of a properly defined dimensionless time, collapse to form a single master curve. Similarly, all of the measured average structure factors also collapse to form a single master curve when they are plotted as a function of the wavevector normalized using the average radius of gyration. These results indicate that, at least for the conditions investigated in this work, the aggregation mechanism and cluster structure are independent of temperature and surfactant type.