Akt mediates the effect of insulin on epithelial sodium channels by inhibiting Nedd4-2
ABSTRACT The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) plays an important role in transepithelial Na(+) absorption; hence its function is essential for maintaining Na(+) and fluid homeostasis and regulating blood pressure. Insulin is one of the hormones that regulates activity of ENaC. In this study, we investigated the contribution of two related protein kinases, Akt (also known as protein kinase B) and the serum- and glucocorticoid-dependent kinase (Sgk), on insulin-induced ENaC activity in Fisher rat thyroid cells expressing ENaC. Overexpression of Akt1 or Sgk1 significantly increased ENaC activity, whereas expression of a dominant-negative construct of Akt1, Akt1(K179M), decreased basal activity of ENaC. Inhibition of the endogenous expression of Akt1 and Sgk1 by short interfering RNA not only inhibited ENaC but also disrupted the stimulatory effect on ENaC of insulin and of the downstream effectors of insulin, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and PDK1. Conversely, overexpression of Akt1 or Sgk1 increased expression of ENaC at the cell membrane and overcame the inhibitory effect of Nedd4-2 on ENaC. Furthermore, mutation of consensus phosphorylation sites on Nedd4-2 for Akt1 and Sgk1, Ser(342) and Ser(428), completely abolished the inhibitory effect of Sgk1 and Akt1 on Nedd4-2 action. Together these data suggest that both Akt and Sgk are components of an insulin signaling pathway that increases Na(+) absorption by up-regulating membrane expression of ENaC via a regulatory system that involves inhibition of Nedd4-2.
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ABSTRACT: The present study investigates the role of small G-proteins of the Ras family in the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-activated cellular signalling pathway that downregulates activity of the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC). We found that H-Ras is a key component of this EGF-activated cellular signalling mechanism in M1 mouse collecting duct cells. Expression of a constitutively active H-Ras mutant inhibited the amiloride-sensitive current. The H-Ras-mediated signalling pathway that inhibits activity of ENaC involves c-Raf, and that the inhibitory effect of H-Ras on ENaC is abolished by the MEK1/2 inhibitor, PD98059. The inhibitory effect of H-Ras is not mediated by Nedd4-2, a ubiquitin protein ligase that regulates the abundance of ENaC at the cell surface membrane, or by a negative effect of H-Ras on proteolytic activation of the channel. The inhibitory effects of EGF and H-Ras on ENaC, however, were not observed in cells in which expression of caveolin-1 (Cav-1) had been knocked down by siRNA. These findings suggest that the inhibitory effect of EGF on ENaC-dependent Na+ absorption is mediated via the H-Ras/c-Raf, MEK/ERK signalling pathway, and that Cav-1 is an essential component of this EGF-activated signalling mechanism. Taken together with reports that mice expressing a constitutive mutant of H-Ras develop renal cysts, our findings suggest that H-Ras may play a key role in the regulation of renal ion transport and renal development.PLoS ONE 10(3):e0116938. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0116938 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: NEDD4-2 is an ubiquitin-protein ligase that was originally identified as an interactor of the epithelial Na channel (ENaC); this interaction is defective in Liddle's syndrome, causing elevated ENaC activity and salt-sensitive hypertension. In this review we aim to highlight progress achieved in recent years demonstrating that NEDD4-2 is involved in the control of Na transporters that are different from ENaC, but which also play a role in salt-sensitive hypertension. It has been shown that NEDD4-2 interacts with ubiquitylates and negatively regulates the thiazide-sensitive NCC (Na,Cl-cotransporter), both in vitro and in vivo in inducible, nephron-specific Nedd4-2 knockout mice. Moreover, evidence has been provided that NEDD4-2 is also involved in the regulation of human NHE3 (Na,H-exchanger 3) and NKCC2 (Na,K,2Cl-cotransporter 2). The emerging role of NEDD4-2 in the regulation of different Na transporters along the nephron and the identification of human polymorphisms in the NEDD4-2 gene (Nedd4L) related to salt-sensitive hypertension makes this ubiquitin-protein ligase an interesting target for the development of antihypertensive drugs.
BioMed Research International 03/2015; · 2.71 Impact Factor