Effects of ovarian stimulation, with and without human chorionic gonadotrophin, on oocyte meiotic and developmental competence in the marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus)

Research Centre for Reproductive Health, School of Paediatrics and Reproductive Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.
Theriogenology (Impact Factor: 1.85). 11/2007; 68(6):861-72. DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2007.07.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A reliable ovarian stimulation protocol for marmosets is needed to enhance their use as a model for studying human and non-human primate oocyte biology. In this species, a standard dose of hCG did not effectively induce oocyte maturation in vivo. The objectives of this study were to characterize ovarian response to an FSH priming regimen in marmosets, given without or with a high dose of hCG, and to determine the meiotic and developmental competence of the oocytes isolated. Ovaries were removed from synchronized marmosets treated with FSH alone (50 IU/d for 6 d) or the same FSH treatment combined with a single injection of hCG (500 IU). Cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were isolated from large (>1.5mm) and small (0.7-1.5mm) antral follicles. In vivo-matured oocytes were subsequently activated parthenogenetically or fertilized in vitro. Immature oocytes were subjected to in vitro maturation and then activated parthenogenetically. Treatment with FSH and hCG combined increased the number of expanded COCs from large antral follicles compared with FSH alone (23.5 +/- 9.3 versus 6.4 +/- 2.7, mean +/- S.E.M.). Approximately 90% of oocytes surrounded by expanded cumulus cells at the time of isolation were meiotically mature. A blastocyst formation rate of 47% was achieved following fertilization of in vivo-matured oocytes, whereas parthenogenetic activation failed to induce development to the blastocyst stage. The capacity of oocytes to complete meiosis in vitro and cleave was positively correlated with follicle diameter. A dramatic effect of follicle size on spindle formation was observed in oocytes that failed to complete meiosis in vitro. Using the combined FSH and hCG regimen described in this study, large numbers of in vivo matured marmoset oocytes could be reliably collected in a single cycle, making the marmoset a valuable model for studying oocyte maturation in human and non-human primates.


Available from: Christopher Grupen, Apr 04, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: to evaluate the meiotic spindle and the chromosome distribution of in vitro mature oocytes from stimulated cycles of infertile women with endometriosis, and with male and/or tubal infertility factors (Control Group), comparing the rates of in vitro maturation (IVM) between the two groups evaluated. fourteen patients with endometriosis and eight with male and/or tubal infertility factors, submitted to ovarian stimulation for intracytoplasmatic sperm injection have been prospectively and consecutively selected, and formed a Study and Control Group, respectively. Immature oocytes (46 and 22, respectively, from the Endometriosis and Control Groups) were submitted to IVM. Oocytes presenting extrusion of the first polar corpuscle were fixed and stained for microtubules and chromatin evaluation through immunofluorescence technique. Statistical analysis has been done by the Fisher's exact test, with statistical significance at p<0.05. there was no significant difference in the IVM rates between the two groups evaluated (45.6 and 54.5% for the Endometriosis and Control Groups, respectively). The chromosome and meiotic spindle organization was observed in 18 and 11 oocytes from the Endometriosis and Control Groups, respectively. In the Endometriosis Group, eight oocytes (44.4%) presented themselves as normal metaphase II (MII), three (16.7%) as abnormal MII, five (27.8%) were in telophase stage I and two (11.1%) underwent parthenogenetic activation. In the Control Group, five oocytes (45.4%) presented themselves as normal MII, three (27.3%) as abnormal MII, one (9.1%) was in telophase stage I and two (18.2%) underwent parthenogenetic activation. There was no significant difference in meiotic anomaly rate between the oocytes in MII from both groups. the present study data did not show significant differences in the IVM or in the meiotic anomalies rate between the IVM oocytes from stimulated cycles of patients with endometriosis, as compared with controls. Nevertheless, they have suggested a delay in the outcome of oocyte meiosis I from patients with endometriosis, shown by the higher proportion of oocytes in telophase I observed in this group.
    Revista brasileira de ginecologia e obstetrićia: revista da Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia 08/2008; 30(8):413-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Background Cryopreservation and transplantation of ovarian tissue is one option for re-establishing ovarian function, but optimal conditions for graft sustainment and follicular survival are still considered experimental. The present study aims to analyze the effect of FSH treatment on the resting follicle pool in fresh and cryopreserved primate ovarian tissues following xenografting. Methods Ovarian tissues from adult marmosets were grafted freshly or following cryopreservation to ovarectomized nude mice treated with FSH 25 IU twice daily post transplantation or left untreated as controls. Grafts were retrieved 2 or 4 weeks after transplantation to evaluate the number and morphological appearance of follicles. Results Early start of FSH treatment within 1 week following transplantation partly prevents primordial follicle loss in fresh and frozen-thawed tissues, whereas after a 3 weeks time interval this effect is present only in fresh tissues. A similar positive effect of early, but not later FSH treatment on primary follicles is seen in fresh tissues compared to only marginal effects in frozen-thawed tissues. The percentage of morphologically normal follicles is generally increased in FSH treated tissues, whereas the percentage of primary follicles over all primordial and primary follicles is increased by FSH only in freshly-grafted tissues. Conclusions FSH treatment alleviates depletion of the resting follicle pool and promotes normal follicular morphology both in freshly and frozen-thawed grafted tissues. In previously cryopreserved tissues, applying to most of the tissues intended for clinical use in fertility preservation attempts, its positive effect on primordial follicle numbers and potential graft sustainment is dependent on an early start of treatment within one week of transplantation.
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