Novel catalytic oxidative coupling reaction of N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine with 1,3-phenylenediamine and its applications to the determination of copper and iron at trace levels by flow injection technique.
ABSTRACT A new catalytic oxidative coupling reaction of N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine (DPD) with 1,3-phenylenediamine (mPD) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide has been developed for trace metals analysis. The rate of the oxidation/coupling reaction can be enhanced significantly by iron, copper and cobalt. These metal ions can catalyze the oxidation reaction of DPD to form an oxidized product; the oxidized DPD was then coupled with mPD to give a blue-colored product which was measured spectrophotometrically at 650 nm. On the basis of such a reaction scheme, two simple flow injection analysis methods for the determination of copper and iron have been developed. Detailed studies on chemical and FIA variables affecting the sensitivity of the detection were carried out. Interferences from several ionic species were examined for the determination of copper: the interference effect by Fe(III) and Fe(II) up to 1.5 mg L(-1) was successfully suppressed by pretreating sample with ammonium acetate buffer solution (pH 8.4). Good linearity of a standard calibration graph was obtained over the ranges of 0-8 and 0-2 microg L(-1) of copper and iron, respectively, and the detection limits were 0.05 and 0.02 microg L(-1) for copper and iron, respectively. The precision of the methods in terms of relative standard deviation were 1.4 and 1.5% of R.S.D. which were obtained from 10 injections of 2.0 and 1.0 microg L(-1) of standard copper and iron, respectively. The proposed methods were successfully applied to the determination of copper and iron in tap and river water samples. The accuracy of the proposed methods was assessed by the analysis of certified reference material of river water.
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Dataset: Macro To Nano Spectroscopy
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ABSTRACT: A sensitive and selective flow-injection method has been developed for the catalytic determination of copper(II). The method is based on the oxidation of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine by cumene hydroperoxide as an organic oxidant in an acidic medium. A highly sensitivity has been achieved by adding 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline as an activator and benzyldimethyltetradecylammonium chloride (zephiramine) as a surfactant. The reaction was spectrophotometrically monitored by measuring the increase in absorbance of oxidation product of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine at 650nm. The calibration curve was linear over the range of 0.5–3.0ngmL−1 at a rate of 30 samples h−1. Most of the diverse ions did not interfere with the determination of copper up to at least 50-fold excess. The serious interference by iron(III) was eliminated by addition of fluoride. The method was successfully applied to the determination of copper in water samples. KeywordsFlow injection analysis-Spectrophotometry-Catalytic determination-Copper(II)-3,3′,5,5′-Tetramethylbenzidine-Cumene hydroperoxide-NeocuproineMicrochimica Acta 04/2012; 170(1):113-119. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A highly sensitive and very simple spectrophotometric flow-injection analysis (FIA) method for the determination of iron(III) at low concentration levels is presented. The method is based on the measurement of absorbance intensity of the red complex at 410 nm formed by iron(III) and diphenylamine-4-sulfonic acid sodium salt (DPA-4-SA). It is a simple, highly sensitive, fast, and low cost alternative method using the color developing reagent DPA-4-SA in acetate buffer at pH 5.50 and the flow-rate of 1 mL min−1 with the sample throughput of 60 h−1. The method provided a linear determination range between 5 μg L−1 and 200 μg L−1 with the detection limit (3S) of 1 μg L−1 of iron(III) using the injection volume of 20 μL. FIA variables influencing the system performance were optimized. The amount of iron(III) and total iron in river and seawater samples was successfully determined. Repeatability of the measurements was satisfactory at the relative standard deviation of 3.5 % for 5 determinations of 10 μg L−1 iron(III). The accuracy of the method was evaluated using the standard addition method and checked by the analysis of the certified material Std Zn/Al/Cu 43 XZ3F.Chemical Papers- Slovak Academy of Sciences 07/2008; 62(4):345-349. · 0.88 Impact Factor