Mechanistic aspects of electrochemical hydride generation for cadmium.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran.
Analytica chimica acta (Impact Factor: 4.31). 09/2006; 576(2):215-20. DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2006.06.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The mechanistic aspects of a novel methodology for the electrochemical hydride generation (EcHG) of cadmium, entitled as the catholyte variation, have been studied. The hydrogen overvoltage of different cathode materials was determined in dilute electrolyte. The lead-tin alloy used as the cathode material for the EcHG of Cd had the highest hydrogen overpotential. In this technique, both electrolyte medium and cathode surface would change during electrolysis. The catholyte variation EcHG coupled with a flame heated quartz tube atomizer (QTA) atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS) produced peak-shaped transient signal of Cd. The analytical signal was significantly enhanced at neutralization time. The simultaneous production of lead and tin hydrides as well as the hydrogen at that time may speed up the desorption of cadmium species from the surface of the cathode. Also the high hydrogen overvoltage and the neutral medium aided the formation and separation of cadmium hydride molecules. The generated CdH2 vapour was kinetically stable.

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