Ocular photodynamic therapy--standard applications and new indications. Part 2. Review of the literature and personal experience.
ABSTRACT Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has become a well-established treatment for vascular forms of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The implementation of evidence-based medicine principles into the treatment regimen of AMD seems to be immensly important, since AMD continues to be the most frequent cause of blindness among patients older than 65 years in industrialized countries. Numerous randomized prospective studies demonstrated high levels of evidence for the efficacy of various treatment approaches such as laser photocoagulation, PDT, subretinal surgery or novel anti-angiogenic drugs [Arch Ophthalmol 2006;124:597-599]. The high evidence shown by these studies supported the rationale to use PDT also in additional, less frequent, vasoproliferative diseases. Although these 'case series' and 'individual case control studies' have a low level of evidence, they give us important information for treatment decisions in these rare conditions. The goal of this survey is to review the current literature regarding PDT in vasoproliferative and exudative ocular diseases outside AMD. Many studies modified the treatment parameters of PDT to address the specific pathology of the underlying disease. Table 1 summarizes the diseases and treatment parameters that are described in this part 2, the entire table of this review is included in part 1 (www.karger.com/doi/10.1159/ 000101922).
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ABSTRACT: PurposeTo evaluate the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) compared with laser therapy and intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) drugs, and to find the maximum treatment effect with minimal dose and fluence of PDT.MethodsA systematic electronic search was conducted in Feb 2013 in PubMed, Embase, ISI Web of Knowledge and the Cochrane library. The main outcome factors were compared in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central macular thickness (CMT) and resolution of subretinal fluid (SRF). Meta-analysis was performed when it is appropriate. The comparisons were designed into four groups: group 1, PDT versus laser photocoagulation; group 2, PDT versus intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs; group 3, half-dose verteporfin PDT versus placebo; group 4, half-fluence PDT versus full-fluence PDT.ResultsWe retrieved nine reports of studies including a total of 319 patients. In group 1, the summary result indicated that PDT was superior in resolution of SRF (p = 0.005) than laser photocoagulation. In group 2, PDT could resolute SRF (p = 0.007) and decrease CMT (p = 0.002) more rapidly than intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF drugs. In group 3, half-dose PDT was effective in improving BCVA (p < 0.00001), decreasing CMT (p = 0.001) and resolving SRF (p < 0.001). In group 4, half-fluence PDT was effective and could significantly decrease the hypoxic damage which was caused by PDT (p < 0.001).ConclusionPDT is a promising therapy for CSC patients and the parameters of PDT can be adjusted to obtain the maximum treatment effect with minimal adverse effects.Acta ophthalmologica 07/2014; 92(8). DOI:10.1111/aos.12482 · 2.44 Impact Factor
Edited by Donald Armstrong, 09/2011; Springer Science+Business Media., ISBN: 978-1-61779-396-7