Human liver-specific organic anion transporter-2 is a potent prognostic factor for human breast carcinoma.

Division of Gastroenterological Surgery, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai 2980-8574, Japan.
Cancer Science (Impact Factor: 3.48). 11/2007; 98(10):1570-6. DOI: 10.1111/j.1349-7006.2007.00570.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Human liver-specific organic anion transporter-2 (LST-2/OATP8/SLCO1B3) has been demonstrated to be expressed in various gastrointestinal carcinomas and also to play pivotal roles in the uptake of a wide variety of both endogenous and exogenous anionic compounds, including bile acids, conjugated steroids and hormones, into hepatocytes in the human liver. However, the biological significance of LST-2 in human carcinomas remains unknown. In the present study, we examined the expression of LST-2 in 102 cases of breast carcinoma using immunohistochemistry and correlated the findings with various clinicopathological parameters in order to examine the possible biological and clinical significance of LST-2. LST-2 immunoreactivity was detected in 51 cases (50.0%); of these 51 positive cases, LST-2 immunoreactivity was inversely correlated with tumor size (P = 0.0289). In addition, LST-2 immunoreactivity was significantly associated with a decreased risk of recurrence and improved prognosis by both univariate (P = 0.02 and P = 0.01) and multivariate (P = 0.03 and P = 0.01) analyses. In the estrogen receptor-positive groups, the LST-2-positive patients showed good prognoses. Considering that LST-2 transports estrone-3-sulfate, these results suggest that LST-2 overexpression is associated with a hormone-dependent growth mechanism of the breast cancer. The results of our present study demonstrate that LST-2 immunoreactivity is a potent prognostic factor in human breast cancer.


Available from: Michiaki Unno, Oct 08, 2014
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The superfamily of organic anion-transporting polypeptides (OATPs, gene symbol SLCO) includes important transporters handling a variety of endogenous and xenobiotic substrates. Currently, 11 human OATPs are known and their substrates include endogenous hormones and their conjugates, anticancer drugs, and imaging agents. The contribution of OATPs to the in vivo disposition of these substrates has been extensively investigated. An accumulating body of evidence also indicates that the expression of some OATPs may be up- or downregulated in several types of cancers, suggesting potential pathogenic roles during the development and progression of cancer. Given that the role of OATPs in handling cancer therapeutics has been already covered by several excellent reviews, this review will focus on the recent progresses on the topic, in particular the role of OATPs in the disposition of anticancer drugs, the impact of OATP genetic variations on the function of OATPs, and the OATPs differentially expressed in cancer and their potential roles in cancer development, progression, and treatment.
    The AAPS Journal 03/2015; 17(3). DOI:10.1208/s12248-015-9740-x · 3.91 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have previously identified the cancer-type organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B3 (Ct-OATP1B3) mRNA in several human colon and lung cancer tissues. Ct-OATP1B3 is a variant of the liver-type OATP1B3 (Lt-OATP1B3) mRNA, which is a hepatocyte plasma membrane transporter with broad substrate specificity. However, in cancer tissues, both the detailed characteristics of Ct-OATP1B3 mRNA expression and its biological functions remain unclear. With this point in mind, we sought to characterize Ct-OATP1B3 mRNA expression in colon and lung cancer tissues. In addition, we attempted to obtain functional implication of Ct-OATP1B3 in cancer cells. Matched pairs of cancer and normal tissues were collected from 39 colon cancer and 28 lung cancer patients. The OATP1B3 mRNA expression levels in each of these tissues were separately determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher's exact test were used in statistical analysis. The Ct-OATP1B3 functional expression in colon cancer cells was then examined by Western blotting and transport analyses. Ct-OATP1B3 mRNA, but not Lt-OATP1B3 mRNA, was abundantly expressed in colon cancer tissues at a higher detection frequency (87.2%) than that of the adjacent normal tissues (2.6%). Furthermore, it was found that Ct-OATP1B3 mRNA expression was often detected in early colon cancer stages (88.9%, n = 18), and that its expression was associated with well-differentiated colon cancer statuses. On the other hand, Ct-OATP1B3 mRNA also showed a predominant and cancer-associated expression profile in lung tissues, although at frequencies and expression levels that were lower than those obtained from colon cancer. As for attempts to clarify the Ct-OATP1B3 functions, neither protein expression nor transport activity could be observed in any of the cell lines examined. Based on the unique characteristics of the Ct-OATP1B3 mRNA expression profile identified in this study, Ct-OATP1B3 mRNA can be expected to become a biomarker candidate for use in colon (and lung) cancer diagnosis. Simultaneously, our results advance the possibility that Ct-OATP1B3 might play yet unidentified roles, in addition to transporter function, in cancer cell biology.
    11/2014; 3:37. DOI:10.1186/s40169-014-0037-y
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background The global incidence of breast cancer is increasing, mainly due to the sharp rise in breast cancer incidence in Asia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of CYP2D6*10 (c.100C>T and c.1039C>T), OATP1B1 A388G, and OATP1B1 T521C polymorphisms with overall survival (OS) for hormone receptor (estrogen receptor or progesterone receptor)-positive tumors (ER+/PR+) breast cancer patients after adjuvant tamoxifen (TAM) therapy. Material and Methods We included 296 invasive breast cancer patients with hormone receptor-positive tumors during the period 2002-2009. We collected patient data, including clinical features, TAM therapy, and survival status. Archived paraffin blocks from surgery were the source of tissue for genotyping. CYP2D6*10, OATP1B1 A388G, and T521C polymorphisms were detected by direct sequencing of genomic DNA. OS was assessed with Kaplan-Meier analysis, while the Cox proportional hazards model was used to implement multivariate tests for the prognostic significance. Results There was a significant difference in OS between OATP1B1 T521C wild-type and the mutant genotype C carrier (P=0.034). However, there was no difference in overall survival between wild-type and carrier groups for CYP2D6*10 (P=0.096) and OATP1B1 A388G (P=0.388), respectively. Conclusions These results suggest that the OATP1B1 T521C mutation may be an independent prognostic marker for breast cancer patients using TAM therapy.
    Medical science monitor: international medical journal of experimental and clinical research 21:563-569. DOI:10.12659/MSM.893473 · 1.22 Impact Factor