Article

HPV testing in the follow-up after treatment of women with CIN.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Mitte und Benjamin Franklin, Germany Hindenburgdamm 30, 12200 Berlin.
Gynecologic Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.93). 11/2007; 107(1 Suppl 1):S5-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2007.07.048
Source: PubMed
0 Bookmarks
 · 
139 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of topical imiquimod for the treatment of persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in patients with or without cervical/vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN/VAIN). Patients with persistent HPV infection (≥1 year) after a history of treatment for cervical or vaginal neoplasm but normal histology and cytology, abnormal Papanicolaou (Pap) smears without abnormal histology, and untreated histology-documented CIN/VAIN Grade 1/2/3 with HPV-positive testing were recruited. Patients were instructed to apply 250 mg of 5% imiquimod cream intravaginally on consecutive days or at least twice weekly on an outpatient basis for a minimum of 12 doses. A group of age- and previous diagnosis-matched, imiquimod-untreated historical controls (n = 20) were selected. The main outcome measures included HPV DNA detection, cytology, and colposcopy/histology at 6 months after treatment. A total of 72 patients were eligible for analysis. At a median follow-up of 33.6 months, 37 patients (51.4%) had cytological/histological regression and tested HPV-negative. Six patients (8.3%) had progressive cytology/histology with persistent HPV infections. Of the 72 treated patients, 26 patients who had a normal Pap test but were persistently HPV-positive for at least 1 year had a complete regression rate of 65.4%, which was significantly different from the rate (30%) observed in the untreated historical control (p = 0.036). Six patients with histologically proven CIN2/3 or VAIN2/3 had a complete regression rate of 66.6% (4/6). The tolerability of intravaginal self-administered imiquimod is confirmed. Its efficacy in the treatment of women with persistent HPV infection and normal cytology warrants further randomized, controlled trials to determine appropriate dosages and scheduling.
    Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology 12/2012; 51(4):533-8.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Host genetic characteristics and environmental factors may correlate with risk for cervical cancer development. Here we describe a retrospective screening study for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genetic markers TP53, MTHFR, CYP1A1, and CYP2E1 in 749 patients. A multiplex ligation-dependent polymerase chain reaction approach was applied. We used archived material from human papillomavirus tests and correlated SNP genotypes to the corresponding clinical data. Semantic integration was used to identify and evaluate the clinical status from electronic health records. An association with cervical cancer and high-grade dysplasia was found for the rare homozygous CC genotype (rs4646903) in CYP1A1 (odds ratio [OR], 8.862). Odds ratios were also significantly elevated for heterozygous MTHFR CT genotype (rs1801133; OR, 1.457). No significant association was found in TP53 (rs1042522) and CYP2E1 (rs3813867). In addition, we found smokers at higher risk (OR, 2.688) and identified pregnancies as a significant risk factor (OR, 1.54). Our protocol enables a feasible way for further retrospective large sample size evaluation of potential genetic markers. This study revealed genetic associations of a rare SNP genotype with cervical dysplasia in one of the largest patient sample to date that warrants further investigation.
    International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 09/2011; 21(9):1664-71. · 1.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Expression of high-risk HPV oncogenes results in a strong overexpression of cellular protein p16(INK4a). Immunohistochemical staining for p16(INK4a) is widely used as diagnostic marker. However, p16(INK4a) upregulation was also described as a biomarker of age. Here we analyzed p16(INK4a) expression in cervical smears to investigate if patient age may influence p16(INK4a)-based cervical cancer diagnosis. p14(ARF) was analyzed as a related supportive biomarker. Cervical scrapes were taken and stored in RNAlater. Total RNA was extracted, and cDNA was analyzed for expression of p16(INK4a) and p14(ARF) relative to β-actin, by real-time reverse transcriptase PCR SYBR-Green I assays. Patient-derived smears referred as HSIL (n=45) had 6.27-fold higher p16(INK4a) mRNA expression than smears of cytologically normal and HPV-negative persons (n=48). Expression of p14(ARF) was 4.87-fold higher. When women with normal diagnoses were stratified for age, a significantly enhanced p16(INK4a) (2.88-fold) and p14(ARF) (1.9-fold) expression was observed as a consequence of ageing. A significant age-dependent upregulation was also observed in older HSIL patients (2.54-fold). Our study revealed significantly enhanced expression of p16(INK4a)/p14(ARF) mRNA in cervical scrapes referred to as HSIL compared with normal women. An age-dependent bias has to be considered when quantifying these tumor suppressor genes, with respect to cervical cancer development.
    Modern Pathology 11/2011; 25(3):465-70. · 5.25 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
35 Downloads
Available from
May 20, 2014