Sevoflurane anesthesia decreases cardiac vagal activity and heart rate variability.
ABSTRACT We evaluated cardiac vagal activity during sevoflurane anesthesia in neurosurgical patients. Heart rate variability was determined by power spectral analysis and entropy with the patient awake and during sevoflurane anesthesia. High frequency power (0.15-0.50 Hz) and heart rate entropy decreased during sevoflurane and these effects were significantly correlated (r = 0.71 +/- 0.12, P < 0.05). The results confirm that cardiac vagal activity was the primary determinant of heart rate variability, which was attenuated by sevoflurane.
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ABSTRACT: This study was done to investigate how nicardipine, remifentanil and dexmedetomidine affect the balance of the autonomic nervous system in patients receiving controlled hypotension under general anaesthesia by evaluating heart rate variability indices. Sixty-two patients were randomly allocated to either the nicardipine-sevoflurane (Group N, n = 21), remifentanil-sevoflurane (Group R, n = 21) or dexmedetomidine-sevoflurane (Group D, n = 20) group for controlled hypotension during orthognathic surgery. Electrocardiogram data acquisition was done after vital sign stabilization following anaesthesia induction (T1) and 30 min after controlled hypotension was induced (T2). Total power and low frequency (LF) power was significantly decreased at T2 compared with T1 in all groups, while a decrease in high frequency (HF) power was only observed in Group N (P < 0.001). LF/HF ratios of Group R and D were significantly suppressed at T2 compared with T1 (P = 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively), but was increased Group N (P = 0.009). The LF/HF ratio of Group N was significantly higher than Group R and D at T2 (P < 0.001 in both), with Group D showing a significantly lower LF/HF ratio compared with Group R (P < 0.001). Remifentanil and dexmedetomidine did not have sympathetic nervous system-stimulating effects during controlled hypotension, while remifentanil seemed to be superior in preserving the overall balance in autonomic nervous system activity. Nicardipine was found to stimulate the sympathetic nervous system, which may be problematic in patients vulnerable to disturbances in the autonomic nervous system.Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 11/2013; · 2.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aim: The indices of the second derivative of the finger photoplethysmogram(SDPTG) denote stiffness of large arteries, peripheral vascular resistance and vascular aging. However, the association between the autonomic nervous activity and the SDPTG indices has not yet been elucidated. Methods: The SDPTG and heart rate variability(HRV) were consecutively measured in the sitting position on the day before surgery in 168 patients 18-89 years of age. The relationships between the SDPTG indices(b/a, c/a, d/a and e/a) and HRV indices(power spectral analysis and time domain analysis parameters) were analyzed. The relationships between c/a and atherosclerosis-based conditions and risk factors for atherosclerosis were also evaluated. Results: The SDPTG index b/a was negatively associated and the d/a index was positively associated with the low-frequency(LF)(R=-0.44 and 0.42, respectively) and high-frequency(HF) components(R=-0.31 and 0.35, respectively). The SDPTG index c/a was also positively associated with the LF(R=0.40) and HF(R=0.44) components. A multivariate regression analysis showed that the LF, HF and heart rate were independent determinants of the c/a. Furthermore, the c/a values were significantly lower in the patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia than in those without these diseases, and a reduced c/a was significantly associated with increased serum triglyceride and total cholesterol concentrations. Conclusions: These findings suggest that a decrease in c/a is associated with a reduced baroreflex response of the peripheral vasomotor activity and a decreased cardiac parasympathetic activity. Furthermore, a decrease in c/a was found to be associated with atherosclerosis-based conditions, such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia.Journal of atherosclerosis and thrombosis 01/2014; · 2.93 Impact Factor